• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Within this essay, I will be examining the view that education re-creates the class system. Theories such as Marxism, Internationalism and feminism, would agree with each other in

Extracts from this document...


. . .S o c I o l o g y. . . Homework-exam question HITIKSHA PATEL Within this essay, I will be examining the view that education re-creates the class system. Theories such as Marxism, Internationalism and feminism, would agree with each other in saying that the education system favours the working class, due to ideologies, discrimination, domination and social control. Marxists Bowles and Gintis' 'myth of education' is a complete attack on the functionalist's concept of meritocracy. Bowles and Gintis (1976) argued that the meritocratic idea that education offers everybody an equal chance is in fact a myth or a story that all of us jus blindly believe. ...read more.


Marxists also argue that education has a cultural reproduction role. Bourdieu has argued that schools, along with the staff that work in them are generally middle-class institutions. Working class children simply do not posses the cultural capital, which are things like the ideas, tastes, values and lifestyle associated with a particular class - required for success in establishments. This means that middle-class children will generally do better than working class children. This makes school an institution that ensures middle-class dominance from one generation to the next. A sociologist that illustrates this view is, Marxist, Tomlinson says that differences in class are more important than differences in ethnicity in explaining educational attainment. ...read more.


Because the curriculum is based on westernized cultures, there is conflict between classes in education. Interactionists would say that there are many other stereotypes in the education system which puts the middle class in advantage to the working class to which the education system mostly benefits the middle class rather than then the working class. So, on the whole, the education system allocates students through meritocracy, reflecting their class in society. The well off- middle-class are better off, with more resources, cultural capital etc, and so can work their way up easily, and as we know education success is rewarded with cultural capital. On the other hand, the working class don't have that many benefits, so they do not achieve a lot. Education reinforces the roles the classes have to play in society and re-creates the class system. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Work & Leisure section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Work & Leisure essays

  1. a) With reference to the Items and elsewhere, assess the view that the introduction ...

    The items describe how the judgements made by teachers can affect the achievement of those students in the education system. The main cause of under achievement, however, is different depending on what researcher or study you read. Having said this, they all say that the teachers have a large influence how pupils perform in school.

  2. 'Education is a tool of the ruling class'- Discuss.

    Its role was to promote universal values i.e. achievement, individualism, competition and equality of opportunity. Durkheim added that the teaching of particular subjects like English, History and religion helped pupils to develop a sense of belonging to their society and therefore help society to run smoothly. Teaching the skills required by a developing economy Similarly to Marxists, Fuctionalists draw a link between education and the economy.

  1. Assess The View That Material Deprivation Is The Most Important Barrier To Educational Attainment.

    He identified four different attitudes that the working class had. The first of these is fatalism, which involves an acceptance of the situation rather than trying to improve it. The second is immediate gratification, which emphasizes the enjoyment of pleasures for the moment rather than sacrifice that for a future reward that will be better.

  2. To what extent do feminist theories remain relevant for interpreting gendered patterns of work.

    patterns now exist, greatly in response to feminist thought with its desire to seek equality. This can be highlighted effectively in the changing gender roles and the depart from traditional gender constructions of masculine and feminine norms (which I mentioned earlier).

  1. Comment on the strength and weakness of the social security system in Hong Kong

    In 1973, the big bang period, the government introduced the flat rates Special Needs Allowances (Old Age Allowance, Disability Allowance) for elderly infirm and severely disabled. It was later renamed "Social Security Allowances". No contribution tests and no tests of means were required.


    themselves in the then grammar schools, top streams and examination classes, or staying on past the official school-leaving age. Explanations for this phenomenon were sought in the characteristics of different children, their upbringing and environment, and in the selection procedures and underlying assumptions which were employed by teachers and schools.

  1. Inequalities in education.

    Therefore, the allocated stream (top usually being middle class and bottom tending to be working class) decided the stratification of knowledge. The relevance of this is that knowledge is paramount in academic success but the bottom stream are being denied this.

  2. Discuss the view that the educational system is an ideological conditioning device.

    exams and qualifications - equivalent to wages as work. Finn (1987) argues that there is a hidden political agenda to Vocational educational training. It provides cheap labour for employers, keeps the pay rates of young workers low, undermines he bargaining power of unions (because only permanent workers can be members)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work