• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Within this essay, I will be examining the view that education re-creates the class system. Theories such as Marxism, Internationalism and feminism, would agree with each other in

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

. . .S o c I o l o g y. . . Homework-exam question HITIKSHA PATEL Within this essay, I will be examining the view that education re-creates the class system. Theories such as Marxism, Internationalism and feminism, would agree with each other in saying that the education system favours the working class, due to ideologies, discrimination, domination and social control. Marxists Bowles and Gintis' 'myth of education' is a complete attack on the functionalist's concept of meritocracy. Bowles and Gintis (1976) argued that the meritocratic idea that education offers everybody an equal chance is in fact a myth or a story that all of us jus blindly believe. ...read more.

Middle

Marxists also argue that education has a cultural reproduction role. Bourdieu has argued that schools, along with the staff that work in them are generally middle-class institutions. Working class children simply do not posses the cultural capital, which are things like the ideas, tastes, values and lifestyle associated with a particular class - required for success in establishments. This means that middle-class children will generally do better than working class children. This makes school an institution that ensures middle-class dominance from one generation to the next. A sociologist that illustrates this view is, Marxist, Tomlinson says that differences in class are more important than differences in ethnicity in explaining educational attainment. ...read more.

Conclusion

Because the curriculum is based on westernized cultures, there is conflict between classes in education. Interactionists would say that there are many other stereotypes in the education system which puts the middle class in advantage to the working class to which the education system mostly benefits the middle class rather than then the working class. So, on the whole, the education system allocates students through meritocracy, reflecting their class in society. The well off- middle-class are better off, with more resources, cultural capital etc, and so can work their way up easily, and as we know education success is rewarded with cultural capital. On the other hand, the working class don't have that many benefits, so they do not achieve a lot. Education reinforces the roles the classes have to play in society and re-creates the class system. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Work & Leisure section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Work & Leisure essays

  1. Education is a means of brainwashing a society and reinforcing prejudice. Do you agree?

    The quote of Higgins "Oh that'll be all right. I've taught her to speak properly; and she has strict orders as to her behaviour. She's to keep to two subjects: the weather and everybody's health- (...)" demonstrates how Elizabeth is being reduced to a common object in a experiment comparable to a rat in a laboratory.

  2. a) With reference to the Items and elsewhere, assess the view that the introduction ...

    The self-fulfilling prophecy is simplifying a relatively complex idea, it relies on a number of factors and how the teachers and pupils respond to it. It implies that all pupils and teachers will react in the same way to the same labels under different circumstances.

  1. SOCIAL CLASS DIVISION

    Functionalists believe that: the education system does what it claims to do; it selects people according to their abilities and qualifies them accordingly; there is a rough correspondence between intelligence and achievement; and that education is the device which ensures that the most able people get the most responsible and best paid work.

  2. Assess The View That Material Deprivation Is The Most Important Barrier To Educational Attainment.

    This discourages sustained effort with promises of examination success. It also encourages earlier leaving from education, for the more immediate rewards of a wage packet, adult status and freedom from discipline of school. The third is present time orientation, which may further reduce the motivation for academic achievement, whereas an

  1. Find out what subjects girls study more in higher education as well as for ...

    This happened a second time and after each interview when I received feedback I discovered that the respondents did not like taking interviews because they were long and boring. The age group that I am studying are from 16 to 20. And students at this age are not very mature.

  2. Examining equality in Education.

    a manual worker in industry or agriculture. As I mentioned earlier, 'Codes of Language' also play a part in determining educational attainment. Basil Bernstein discovered two forms of dialect which he termed as 'restricted code' and 'elaborated code'. In general, he says that working classes are limited to the use of restricted code whereas the middle classes use both.

  1. To what extent do feminist theories remain relevant for interpreting gendered patterns of work.

    patterns now exist, greatly in response to feminist thought with its desire to seek equality. This can be highlighted effectively in the changing gender roles and the depart from traditional gender constructions of masculine and feminine norms (which I mentioned earlier).

  2. Discuss the view that the educational system is an ideological conditioning device.

    there is a higherarchy in school, pupils do what there told and don't question authority also pupils must wear school uniforms preparing them for work overalls etc. Capitalism requires a workforce that is motivated by external rewards - wages and school shape them for this by encouraging them to work for credentials e.g.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work