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Women's Education in China.

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Introduction The term 'globalization' has been used to define various aspects of global expansion in the past two decades. It has been associated with key areas of change, which have led to a marked transformation of the world order. At the level of the economy, globalization has been associated with the trend towards increasing economic liberalization such as freer trade and more deregulated labour, goods and financial markets. Since the establishment of People's Republic in 1949, China has been struggling for development. Great changes have taken place in the way that development is achieved and promoted. As China develops its domestic economy rapidly in the world,the global economy has affected almost every area of Chinese social and economic policy, and the everyday lives of Chinese people. Also this effect of the economic reform has strongly influenced China's educational development. For a country, education is a very important because it develops human resources, improve productivity, and promote economic growth. Observing the changes in education, one of the most crucial phenomena to be considered is the participation of women in education. In China, a woman's education is one of the important indicators of a woman's social status, because a woman's employment and domestic status prospects depend heavily on the training and educational schemes through which she can acquire the relevant skills. ...read more.


The saying that 'women's virtue is without talent' turned out to be a dogma that had the most profound impact on the lives of many Chinese women. Towards the end of the Qing Dynasty, policies regarding a woman's education were beginning to emerge that allowed women to be educated in more than just what it meant to be a good wife and mother. But only few girls got the chance to go to school, as it depended on their family's economic background and social status. Because of the expensive tuition fees, formal education was still a dream for most Chinese women. Women's Education in Modern China After the establishment of People's Republic in 1949, the Chinese government set in motion a series of reforms aimed at promoting rapid market-driven economic growth and modernization. These reforms such as the promotion of private business, the development of a labour market and pricing deregulation were to be tied to the needs of the economy, and the principles of the market-competition. At the same time, according to the needs of economic development, the traditional function of women's education, which had always been that of teaching women to be good wives and mothers, was changed. ...read more.


In the present education system, it can be seen that there is equal opportunity for men and women, and the aim of women's education goes beyond the traditional function. The 1980s saw tremendous changes in the economic and political ethos of China. China was to modernize its economy to become a strong, powerful international force. The Chinese government has made deliberate efforts to improve women's status by ensuring equal opportunities in education. Therefore, the past five decades have witnessed a remarkable improvement in female education, which is not only a manifestation of the general improvement in the standing of females, but also an indication of the universal increase in female opportunities to receive education. As a result, education for women has become more than just a knowledge gathering process. It also develops women's distinctive needs and interests. Finally, we should also aware that women's education for all still has long way to go. In some place, discrimination against women still exists, legal stipulations on equality of men with women have not been fully carried out. The government should adopt more active measures to further improve the external environment and mechanisms for women's development and improve the overall quality of opportunities for Chinese women, thereby laying a solid foundation for the further development of Chinese women in the 21st century. ...read more.

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