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AS and A Level: Work & Leisure
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The power to institutionalise knowledge or educate can be misused by certain regimes to create a society of slaves. The best example where this happened was Hitler-Germany. Virtually from birth on children and youths were to be brought up as good nationalists, which would dedicate their whole lives to the F�hrer and his idea of a racially pure state. Prejudice was enforced on a whole population as he indoctrinated upon them that Jews are on one evolutionary stage as animals; this shocking example demonstrates the power of education in the sense of brainwashing and the disadvantage of passing on a dangerous, purely subjective piece of knowledge and indoctrinate it on a whole population.
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The root cause of these feelings is simple- IGNORANCE. Tolerance and understanding come from education. Education must overcome the knee-jerk hatred exhibited by many anti-hunt lobbyists. The ignorance of most hunt protestors shines through their weak arguments. I do not hunt, it does not appeal to me enough to warrant the expense- both time and money. I can however see the attraction; comradeship, shared excitement, danger, tradition and a deep love of the countryside and animals. I know people who hunt. You only have to see them with their hounds and horses to know the real affection they have for animals.
- Word count: 525
In the late nineteenth century many new jobs became available to women. These jobs were mainly in the domestic services; these jobs usually were things like servants and cooks. In 1851 there were just over 1 million people in the domestic service although by 1901 the number had increased to 2 million. Men considered it disrespectful to send their wives out to work but sometimes the working class people had no choice. Job opportunities for the working class involved a lot of hard labour or they were very poorly paid.
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Why does the system feel to many of the people who work in it as though it is struggling? (Menand, Louis pg 219) Many people are flocking to college, but there not going there for a traditional liberal arts education. Liberal education is under siege. Critics, of whom there are many; call it an overpriced indulgence for the affluent few who do not have to worry about earning a living upon graduation. Fewer and fewer of today's undergraduates are pursuing the liberal arts, with most of them studying practical subjects like finance, marketing, real estate and pharmacy.(Rimer, Sara) Studying just the practical subjects makes very good sense to most people.
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This is to say we are judged in terms of our status as brother, sister, daughter, son. So education is the Secondary agent of socialisation. In advanced industrial society, we are judged in terms of achieved status and universalistic values. That is to say we are judged in terms of what we achieve and schools prepare us for this. At school, our conduct is measured against the universal school rules and our status is achieved through examination. For Parsons schools operate on meritocratic principles.
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I was so excited to go to school and I made everyone quicken their pace and we ended up getting there 15 minutes early the school actually starts at 8:00 am. Once there, my mother gave all three of us brothers a big hug and a kiss and asked my elder brothers to take good care of me. Before the school started my brothers took me around the school and gave me some essential tips on how to pass a school day.
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This meant that some schools would not teach the children that the Church of England was that important. When the Church of England was in charge of education, children learned that the church was the most important part of their life. The Church of England also feared that if other religions were able to run schools then more people would change their religion, and become for example Roman Catholic or Quaker. The middle class also opposed reform in education. This was because they felt that if working class people were allowed to be educated then that would make the working class the same as them on some level.
- Word count: 624
Assess the usefulness of functionalist approaches to the understanding of the role of education in society.
According to Durkheim the major role of education was the transmission of societies norms and values. He said that the family and peer groups cannot promote the social solidarity of individuals, only the modern education system because the family is based on principles. The modern education system however teaches the basic rules of co-operation that is necessary for our society. The family is made up of relationships and peer groups are based on personal choice. Being a member of society however is not made up upon these principles. People have to learn to co-operate with those who are neither a relation to them nor their friends, however the school provides an environment where these skills can be learned.
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In 1893, the school leaving age was raised to 11 and again in 1899 it was raised to 12. By the end of the Second World War, the school leaving age had been raised to 14 and following the introduction of the Butler Act (1944), the school leaving age was raised to 15 in 1947. The Butler Act aimed to introduce secondary education for all and abolish class inequalities within the education system. Until now, not only had the girls been taught separately from boys but they were also taught a different curriculum.
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These were the wives of men who worked in manufacturing. Working class women were poor both mother and father of a family would work and the children would do nothing. They had large families. They had very poor diets and very little education. Most working class women worked as servants for the upper classes having just half a day off a week. Education for the different classes was varied. A governess educated upper class women. They were taught to be lady-like. They were also taught art, literature, French, to play the piano, tapestry and etiquette.
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Which is a lot. When I arrive at school, about 10 to 8 I park, load up my stuff and walk to the front office. In the staff room I have a social chat to the other teachers, we talk about assembly, make our coffee or tea and get ready to leave. With a mug in one hand, handbag and everything else in the other, we back onto the staff door and out the front office. You can always tell a new teacher, they haven't got the art of getting out the staff door in the morning perfected yet.
- Word count: 1967
Using Item A and E & knowledge from elsewhere identify, outline and assess the perspective which is being used to describe the role of the education system.
They also say that education plays an important part in role allocation, in the sense that the most able and talented go to the most important positions in society which reinforces social solidarity. Functionalists believe that education is based on meritocracy and that all pupils receive education suited to their natural aptitudes. Functionalists assess the contribution made by education to maintenance of value consensus and social solidarity; as well as this they also examine the relationship made between education and economic system and how these relationships integrate society as a whole.
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Secondly through the role of the education system in legitimising or justifying inequality. Education serves the needs of a capitalist society divided into social classes and serves the needs of capitalism by socialising children into the dominant ideology, leading to an obedient workforce and the stability of capitalism. With the exception of a few individuals education confirms individuals' class of origin as their class of destination. Education therefore contributes to the reproduction of present class inequalities between generations, and does not provide a means of upward social mobility for most people.
- Word count: 595
"Women were second-class citizens in the year 1900". How far is this a true assessment of women at the beginning of the Twentieth century?
Despite this, women seemed happy with most of the jobs available to them and did not really want new jobs. Women also had limited education opportunities. Women, like men, had a compulsory primary education and occasional secondary education, and a few even went on to study at Cambridge. However, few were allowed to do degrees in university and the quality of the education women got was lower than that of the boys. Also girls were generally taught things that only women do such as needlework and housework as well as letters and arithmetic etc but the boys were taught how to do farming and office work instead.
- Word count: 815
Outline and assess the view that the main purpose of education is to encourage individual achievement whilst maintaining social solidarity.
This experience prepares him or her for interacting with members of society as a whole in terms of society's rules. Durkheim believed that school rules should be strictly enforced. Punishments should reflect the seriousness of the damage done to the social group by the offence, and it should be made clear to them why they are being punished. In this way pupils would have come to learn what is wrong and what id right. They would learn to exercise self-discipline, not just because they wanted to avoid punishment, but also because they would come to see that misbehaviour damages society
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Too any of us see education as essentially a preparation for moving up in social status, and as a means of securing a better lifestyle. And certainly, these are some of its major functions.
We are concerned about enhancing their intelligence so that it can serve as a means for maintaining the actual physical survival of black people. We are now at the crossroads. We are in a pathetic situation as far as the world is concerned. We are in a situation that is exceedingly dangerous, where we questioning whether African peoples survive the next century. And consequently, it's going to take a different kind of thinking style, a different system of values, and different approach to human relations to get us out of this quandary that we are in today; the quandary the European has put us in.
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Western Society VS Eastern Society In After the First Death there was major antagonism between the two different societies, the western (American) and eastern (Arabic) societies.
Both sides believed in patriotism in their own ways. Both showed love and devotion to one's country. This was what the major conflict was all about. They both conceived and believed that their ways of life were accurate and proper. Nevertheless, only one side in the end was going to win. 'Either you're a great patriot or a great fool'. (Page 192) This was a statement made by Artkin to the general, Ben's father. The general stated that he was both. A great fool for risking his son's life in order to save Inner Delta, and a great patriot because he was willing to loose his own son and to go all lengths merely to save Inner Delta.
- Word count: 574
I knew what she ment, a girl as popular as me should never be seen on detention on a Saturday, if people found out they would think of me as a trouble maker or something to that extent. It was two months away from prom and for the majority of the year I was almost certain to be queen and I don't want to lose my high position so near to the big event. Going to first period I saw Andrew walking my way.
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But now, education is the main agency of secondary socialisation, while the family still performs primary socialisation. Education takes over as the focal socialising agency after the family. Children are socialised into value consensus. Functionalists believe that before industrialisation there were ascribed positions in society, this means that what and who you were at birth were who and what you stayed, (for example, if you were born the working class son of a butcher, you would always be working class and would grow up to be a butcher), as in class, social status etc.
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The first way in which education functions is to provide Capitalists with a workforce who has the personality, attitudes and values which are most useful to them. If Capitalism is to succeed it requires a hard-working, docile, obedient and lightly motivated workforce, which is too divided and fragmented to challenge the authority of management. Bowles and Gintis argues that the education system helps to achieve these objectives largely through the hidden curriculum - It isn't the content of lessons and the examinations which pupils take which are important, but the form that teaching and learning take and the way the schools are organised.
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I don't particularly like Opera, I prefer Punk rock, my favourite band is Blink 182 and my favourite song is, "All the small things." The trip to school is fun and exciting with lots of little alloy ways to get lost in. The ride on the train is an exciting but short journey from Hightown station towards Freshfeld station via Formby station. I walk to school from there with my best friend Jamie Hall, who has his hair up spiked and also likes Punk rock.
- Word count: 786
I feel I have improved on my run-on sentence use and using MLA format. Then there is the area of organizing my thoughts. It's not that I can't get my thoughts in order as I start to write. I feel I am a smart enough person to write a descent paper. It seems as though when I am writing, all my thoughts rush into my head at once.
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It wasn't until 1876 that education became compulsory and it was not free until 1880. Some families educated their sons, but not their daughters, because it was assumed that women would marry and have children. In 1902 the school minimum leaving age was raised to twelve, but this only extended elementary education for a further two years. Staying at school after the age of twelve either meant paying school fees or winning a scholarship. Again, parents would sometimes pay for a son, but not for a daughter. Even if a girl won a scholarship, parents would often refuse to allow her to take it because they would lose her earnings.
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The Struggle for Emancipation of Women Describe and compare the progress made to secure rights for women (Economically, educationally, legally, politically, etc.) between 1870 and 1900)
All children, both boys and girls, were made to go to elementary school till the age of 9. Also the Universities and Colleges such as the Cheltenham Ladies College were a break through in women's education. These new laws Guaranteed education of Middle and Working Class women. Women started to think for themselves after this but sexism was still there, it was an improvement but wasn't a huge improvement. The Elementary schools may of given opportunities to the lower classes but these were largely overcrowded and they had to leave at the age of 9, which doesn't help them much as at this age they were still too young for jobs.
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New Right ideology is associated with the politics of the Conservative government (1979-97) under the rule of Margaret Thatcher and John Major,
It was followed by a Green Paper on education. The paper argued: It is vital to Britain's economic recovery and standard of living that the performance of the manufacturing industry is improved and that education's the whole range of government policies, including education, contribute as much as possible to improving industrial performance and thereby increasing the national wealth. (Quoted in Finn 1987) In the rising unemployment and the apparent decline of Britain's economy, the concern was that education was failing to produce appropriately skilled and motivated young workers.
- Word count: 725