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Youth Crime

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Introduction

Youth Crime 'There are many calls for more 'law and order,' for tougher sentences and more control. These are made despite all the evidence concerning the ineffectiveness of imprisonment. Calls for tougher sentences tend to only deal with crime as an illegal act and ignore the fact that it is but a symptom, which has its roots in deeper social tensions and problems'. It could be suggested that there are many reasons why people commit crime so the aim of this assignment will research, analyse and comment on youth crime. Moore (2002) suggests prisons have three main aims one being to punish individuals for committing crimes whether against another person or against society. Supporters of prisons believe inmates should be treated harshly by having to live in poor conditions and not given any respect from those in authority. According to this argument 'those who commit crime lose their rights to be treated as individuals.' (Moore, 2002 pg. 294). However, critics feel strongly that instead of reforming people it actually turns them into hardened criminals. Ex convicts find it difficult to re- integrate back into society as obtaining a job is virtually impossible, therefore, no job, and no money leads on to frustration, anger and then on to further crime. The second reason for prisons is that of containment. It is felt that by detaining people and excluding them from society they do not have the chance to harm innocent people. ...read more.

Middle

The parents of young offenders do not feel it necessary to socialise their children into the accepted values of society, (it could be argued that the main reason for this is that they were not taught such values by their parents when they were young therefore a cycle of ignorance continues). The government are well aware of this evidence so funding is put into special programmes that teach parents of young offenders valuable parenting skills, the courts can insist that parents attend these classes if they feel their youngsters will benefit from them. Young offenders are more likely to come from areas of deprivation, where there is limited community control and where local adult residents may be too afraid to oppose vandalism and street crime or because unruly behaviour is regarded as acceptable by a significant proportion of the local community. Friendships and peer pressure come under the heading of immediate explanations that again could have a detrimental effect on the way young people behave. Many friendships are made with those of similar backgrounds and interests. The young people who are most deprived and who have the most unsettled home lives very often tend to form friendship groups. Offending behaviour is more likely to occur as young people will offer each other mutual support and encourage their various actions. It could be argued that it is imperative that these youths attend school on a regular basis as not only does it stop them committing crimes through the day they are taught (using the hidden curriculum) ...read more.

Conclusion

This can be anything from 3 months to 3 years depending on the offence. The young offender meets up with a member of the youth offending team and will be required to undertake tasks set out by them. Youth offending teams continually assess youngsters and arrange case studies to help them address the cause of offending. Moore (2002). Many law-abiding citizens may feel that the above is far too lenient but youngsters are made to take responsibility by attending their meetings and a great deal of their freedom is taken away from them. Young (1998) explains that since 1999 electronic tagging has been in use throughout England and Wales. Young offenders have electronic tags fastened around their ankles and electronic monitors capture all movements. 'The enforcement of tagging is done by private security firms,' (Young 1998, pg 252) therefore allowing the police to target specific problems such as drug pushers. These young people have to follow strict guidelines as to where they can go and they are given a curfew whereby they have to be at a designated address by a certain time (by order of the court) if they fail to uphold their order they are liable to be re arrested by the police. It could be argued that simply punishing a young person by locking them away is not the way forward and more resources must be implemented into finding out the reasons why people commit crimes in the first instance and then overcoming the underlying problems. 1477 WORDS WENDY SHORT ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

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