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The capital markets reacted fiercely showing a mixture of fear, anger and uncertainty. Lustig is of the view that causes of devaluation are different form the causes of the crisis to the extent that financial crisis was partly due to the devaluation itself. Devaluation Causes Distant and Recent "Pacto", Capital Inflows and Exchange Rate Appreciation At the launching of 'The Pact of Economic Solidarity' known as Pacto that started in 1988 the nominal exchange rate was used as an instrument that could contribute for ending the inertial inflation as well as ensuring that the fiscal policy would produce the desired results.
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He was also taught to respect the rich, and frown upon the poor. This often came natural to Victorian society, there was either an upper class or a lower class, and nobody would dare say that these two could clash, as reputation was everything. The side where the rich people lived with high class, posh reputations and then there is the lower class side which is dirty, dark and dingy. This is how rebellious temptations are involved. Instead of following his usual upbringing, Stevenson hangs around the opposite places he would normally have to be in.
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With Reference to the French 'enlightenment' notions on femininity masculinity and the family, describe the ways in which ideals of family, mother - and fatherhood, were articulated in French painting and graphic arts in the decades between c. 1750 and 17
Previously women that had inherited land or familial titles did have some, albeit few political rights. However after the bourgeoisie revolution those rights disappeared. The revolution has been described as 'a world historical defeat for women.'3 General belief was that women were unable to play a political role like men due to the fact that their 'domestic responsibilities required them to devote their energies more to the private than public sphere.'4 In essence notions of motherhood and domesticity were stronger than ever after the revolution.
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On the floor I am more at ease, I feel nearer, more a part of the painting, since this way I can walk around in it, work from the four sides and be literally `in' the painting
All these characteristics were important for the new American painting which matured in the late 1940s and early 1950s. On the floor I am more at ease, I feel nearer, more a part of the painting, since this way I can walk around in it, work from the four sides and be literally `in' the painting. -- Jackson Pollock, 1947. Pollock, Jackson (1912-56). American painter, the commanding figure of the Abstract Expressionist movement. He began to study painting in 1929 at the Art Students' League, New York, under the Regionalist painter Thomas Hart Benton.
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Those victorious at the election then declared Spain a Republic and the monarchy was abolished. The new Republic immediately faced a number of major problems, some of which concerned two important regions in Spain, Catalonia and the Basque region, who wanted independence. Had their requests been successful, it would have lead to the break-up of Spain. The government also believed that the army had too much say in politics and determined to reduce its influence. Spain was primarily an agricultural nation and the 1930s Depression had hit prices for crops. Prime exports such as olive oil and wine fell in value and previously used agricultural land fell into disuse.
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(B�csy 27) "The novel represents Woolf's own struggle to find the message in her own existence by using the stream of consciousness method: reflecting the author's attitude toward the reality of the world he represents"./www.uah.edu/woolf/stream.html/. For her, writing was a therapy because after completing this work, she got beyond the memories of her parents. She wrote To the Lighthouse in six months without stopping and it became a masterpiece and among literary critics it met with recognition. According to Agnes B�csy, Woolf did not intend to call To the Lighthouse a novel, rather a kind of elegy, which concerns life from the perspective of time, death and human personality.(156)
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Some writers have argued that each discipline has 'essential characteristics'. To what extent do you agree with this type of argument? Critically discuss, making use of one or more of the set texts on this course.
occupied by the figures, the empty spaces around them, the proportions, everything has its share.'3 Avant-garde is a term commonly used to describe modern art. It represents what is new, original and cutting edge. What makes it this though - colour etc. How can you define a work of art? Is it to do with having essential characteristics or can it be categorised without such criteria. These characteristics of modern art can be seen in all works and movements, whether it be Impressionism, Cubism or even Pop Art.
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You'll also see an embroidery hanging at the end of the bed, which Rossetti depicts her working on in The Girlhood of Mary Virgin, plays a relative role - this is a young girl's bedroom and so one might expect her to find her needlework in this space - as well as perhaps representing her active choice to live purely since she has chosen to embroider a lily. It is also observed, that rather than dressed in blue (which was usually the color being used in painting Mary), Mary wears a simple white dress.
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At the real event in 1860, The Saturday Review observed that, The student of nature and the student of human character will both find on Epsom Downs abundant material for observation.3 Frith seems to have agreed with this as he said the subject gave him the, ...opportunity of studying life and character.4 However, The Illustrated London News suggested that there was another motivation behind going to the races. It claimed that people went, ...to eat and drink, to stare at one's neighbour.
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Using explorative strategies to help understand the 'Coca-Cola Advert' lyrics and Picasso's Guernica.
Two of the symbols that caught my attention were the images of the bull and the horse. They are in sense emblematic and are tortured images of Spain itself, refracted through an angle drawn from bull fighting. Also, by the way the picture of the bull is not complete. It is almost as if the event has ripped the heart out of Spain. What is more, on further observation, I began to see the bull as a mythical god-like creature, a symbol of good energy, standing slightly aloof - grieved and maimed by what is going on.
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Perhaps this is what photos do, yet this may or may not support Waltons argument, depending on whether being tricked into seeing something counts as seeing something. Perhaps it is an illusion that we are seeing through the photographs. Yet this does not distinguish the difference between photography and painting, and Walton is trying to do. A photograph must be a photograph of something that exists while a painting could be anything from and artists' mind or imagination, no matter how realistic it looks states Walton.
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After all, we were still in year eight. My days at school hardly ever go like this, but for some reason today were just star-crossed. My first two periods went passable, despite the fact that they could have been better. At break time, my two close associates managed to fill me with merriment by telling me a few of their embarrassing stories. Since I was feeling fairly recovered, for lunch, we decided to gather at the Art block to have a bit of an amusing time by having a chat and other stuff youths do.
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They are amongst the few vertical aspects of the painting. The bright sky occupies a fairly large portion of the canvas and contrasts with the other duller colours of the painting. The sky is a beautiful azure and is cloudless other than two thin slices of cloud to the right of the frame and a longer strip of cloud directly above the buildings. These clouds add to the horizontal feel of the painting. Some buildings are clearly detailed, both in colour and form, in contrast with those in the far background which are silhouettes with a strong outline, putting the buildings in front of them into relief.
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Another reason for choosing Beckmann for an in depth study is that I consider myself politically active, and I want to explore the idea of the of the arm-chair activist. As we all are fed the information given to us by the television and the internet, we have little else to base our judgements on, and while we protest about these various wars, we protest out of a moral gut-reaction, as we (for the most part) have no direct experience of it.
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Since my first encounter with Kandinsky's art I was amazed by their complexity and always wondered about the creative and intellectual mind, which was responsible for them.
This theory stemmed from his fundamental belief of the importance of a "spiritual" art, which could be extracted only from the "inner voice" of the artist. Kandinsky believed that this spiritual domain was indestructible and therefore had the utmost authoritative power to create artistic messages that were as alive and pure as nature. His preoccupation with music and the freedom of expression that it provided, fascinated Kandinsky and inspired his observations on the "sounds" of colours, a theory based on an idea that these colours had a psychological effect on the viewer similar to the emotional effect created by a musical composition.
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Immediately, one senses the incompatibility of imposing order onto the haphazard conditions of the natural environment. For instance, at an early stage of the Renaissance Masaccio uses a landscape background as a setting for the heroic biblical figures in his painting:The Tribute Money. His composition is constructed on the principles of linear perspective, leading the eye back into the distance. The landscape itself is simplified and linear, yet it is neither convincing, nor is it evocative in mood. The trouble with mathematical perspective is that it does not lend itself to the depiction of naturalism in landscape painting.
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In addition, Griet was worried that details of her relationship with Pieter would be spread around Delft. The women were definitely the main town gossips and Griet knew just who will spread it best by manipulating her neighbour into thinking that she will not be in the painting, as she knows that everything she overhears will be repeated to the next person that she meets. There are lots of Paintings either by Vermeer himself or by other painters of the Dutch school, whose paintings show views of Delft at the time which she will have studied to get the feel of the place.
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The story is written from the viewpoint of a maid. Yet most readers, when they think of how they would have lived 500 years ago, think of themselves as the mistress or master of the household rather than the maid because of the less prominent social divide we have in this century. This makes it harder to empathise with a maid as the narrator. Despite that, the author has made the story convincing by using known facts about Delft and Vermeer and then building her own plausible story on them.
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Health farms and fat farms sell dreams of the body beautiful and offer a range of tech-niques and therapies for shaping body and soul. In the USA Weight Watchers claims a membership of eight million whereas those who want to go it alone can choose from hundreds of best-selling slimming books, exercise videos, machines or classes or can pick up any popularmagazine and read about the thousands of food items, concoctions, exercise regimes, body-building programmes and pharmaceuticals that claim to help in the battle against the unfashionable body.
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