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Art History Surrealism Project.

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Table of contents 1. History of surrealism 2. Influence of Dada as a for runner of surrealism 3. The influence of Freud and the interpretation of dreams and the unconscious 4. The idea of "systematic random composition, automatism and the role of accident" in the development of surrealist work 5. The idea of mocking established works. "the parody and mockery of established artists and pictures" 6. The idea of installation of disassociated objects, illusions, the frozen moment and empty landscape or cityscape. 7. 3 pieces of critically examined and evaluated works of surrealism art 8. Bibliography The History of Surrealism What is surrealism? Surrealism is the art of self-discovery. Surrealism helps us explore our unconscious mind. Surrealism helps us to find out who we really are and how are dormant mind sees and interprets its surroundings. History of surrealism The art movement surrealism all began after World War 1 about a quarter of the way through the 20th century. Surrealism was intentionally meant to be the anger of the artists portrayed in art forms. It was a revolt against the horrors of the war and revolt against rationalism. The surrealist artists did this because they believed that the world did not deserve any form of beautiful art and so they did not give it to them. ...read more.


Many artists joined this movement like Jean Arp, Max Ernst, Andr� Masson, Joan Mir�, and Yves Tanguy who created dream like pictures with imaginary figures and spontaneous sketches. They experimented with a wide range of techniques and forms. Surrealist collages showed distant realities to create, as Breton said, "the beauty of the spark." The Surrealist object involved the combination of objects to create poetic or symbolic meaning. Photography was apparently the objective recording of reality it was used to manipulate and distort normal reality. One surrealistist artist said that a dream is like a microscope in which we use to look into our soul. In a way this statement is true, our dreams show our most wanted desires. A dream normally shows what the subconscious is thinking about, these dreams may not always be pleasing and it might even be something, which we don't at all understand. Dreams can also show us our fears or our wild side, which can not be shown in our modern society. Surrealist painters often interpret these dreams onto a canvas. These images do not need to be changed or altered as the mind of a human thinks in a surreal way. The idea of "systematic random composition, automatism and the role of accident" in the development of surrealist work One of the techniques that the artists of the Surrealist and Abstract Expressionist movements developed was 'automatism'. ...read more.


One very famous surrealist art work done in this style is of a drawing where a vase can be seen but the outline of the two sides of this vase are two faces of people staring at each other. The frozen moment in a surrealist work can be of an action moment in life frozen in time to be drawn. A surrealist painting could draw a lion or another vicious creature leaping towards a man. This idea would be shown n a surrealist painting by drawing a lion in mid air and a man standing as if waiting for the lion to approach this would be considered a surrealist frozen moment art piece. An empty landscape or cityscape can be shown in a surrealist drawing. Normally the empty landscapes are drawn in a surrealist world with objects that seem altogether realistic yet you wouldn't see them anywhere on earth but maybe another planet similar to earth. These surrealistic landscapes are normally set in surrealistic backgrounds with a different sky colour. This gives the feeling of a very strange and unknown place making it surreal. An empty cityscape is a very surrealistic drawing. It shows a normal street with cars, houses, high rise buildings etc. yet there are no people around to live there. This makes the viewer very concerned about where all the people have gone and if something disastrous has happened in that area even though it looks so normal. ...read more.

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