• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  11. 11
  12. 12
  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: Art
  • Word count: 1444

Cubism - a movement in modern art.

Extracts from this document...


CUBISM By Emily Hammond Cubism was originally a movement in modern art, especially in painting. Cubism started in France and played an extremely important role in modern art. Before the twentieth century, art was recognised as an imitation of nature. Paintings and portraits were made to look as realistic and three-dimensional as possible, as if seen through a window. Artists were painting in a flamboyant style, but French postimpressionist Paul C�zanne, flattened still life images. In 1906 C�zanne held an exhibition of his paintings in Paris which Picasso visited, After seeing C�zannes work he began experimenting with C�zannes ideas. The actual movement of cubism was stared by Picasso and Braque, aimed at establishing this new plastic order which was completely different to the one that existed up to that time, it brought a great revolution in visual representation. It had a wide spread, tremendous influence on art following it but it did not come out from no-where. Early in the 20th century, Europe was in many senses at a great turning point and art movements were appearing one after another all over the continent, for example Fauvism in France (a forerunner of cubism) expressionism in Germany, and Futurism in Italy. It's not hard to say that this spirit of innovation had been evolving from half way through the 19th century. ...read more.


Again in this same year Gleizes, Meltzing, Leger, Lhote, Jaques Villon, Marcel Duchcamp, La Fresnaye, and La Fauconnier exhibited their works at the salon d'Automne, embroiling positive and negative opinions in feverent debate. As Braque and Picasso did not participate greatly in the Salons of Paris, the term cubism came into general use through these great exhibitions. There are considerable differences in nuance between Braque and Picasso on one hand and the other artists on the other, but each artist saw cubism through their individual methods, by departing from traditional visual senses, and by overlapping planes, piling and dividing them into massive multi-surface fragments. Picasso and Braque again entered a new phase in 1912. The extremely suppressed colours began to regain their richness, and the shape of the objects became easier to recognise again. Braque painted grain of wood in the Trope-l'oeil style, and both Picasso and Braque began each on his turn to experiment with the papier colle by pasting already printed paper onto canvas. This invention of papier colle seemed to have been in order to introduce a new sense of material into Cubistic painting, but the collage that developed from papier colle, caused the introduction of several concrete items onto the surface of the canvas and opened to a completely new realm in art. It is also widely known that collage is broadly linked with contemporary art. ...read more.


Braque's famous saying, " senses deform, and the spirit forms" expresses this directly. At the same time, Cubism is a new form of realism from the standpoint of its attempt from the reality of the object within the mind, and its distinction from the abstract art also lies in this point. Pablo Picasso Demoiselles D'Avignon 1906: This was to be considered as the first cubist painting. Painted by Picasso it was influence C�zannes "Bathers". It shocked those who first saw it. The figures are distorted, Faceted and fractured, three have faces like crude African masks, and two are like primitive African sculptures. The figures are flattened and there is no depth in the canvas. Paul C�zanne - Bathers 1897: This painting challenged and inspired Picasso to paint Demoiselles D'Avignon. Funerary Figure Bakota, Gabun, F.E.A 18" high, an exampe of African Negro sulptures Braque - Le Jour After World War I, in which he was badly wounded, Braque veered away from the angularity of early cubism and developed a more graceful, curvilinear style, predominantly painting still life. His works showed restraint and subtlety both in design and colour. Two Birds Examples of picassos work after Cubism (left to right) Figure in red chair, The Yellow Belt, Seated woman, Seated bather Bibliograpghy Microsoft encarta The Guiness encyclopedia www.cubistca.com notes provided www.global-gallery.com 1 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Art section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Art essays

  1. The boundaries between culture and nature have collapsed and the body has become flexible

    Rhinoplasties, facelifts, tummy tucks, breast enhancements, and breast reductions are some examples. "Maybe fashion models or movie stars could justify their face lifts on professional grounds, but for the rest of us, it was just vanity, self-indulgence, and a crime against nature" (Kazanjian 250).

  2. Pablo Picasso's Guernica is at once the most monumental and comprehensive statement of social ...

    A viewer must be able to look at this painting and look at each figure and see what they stand for. Each figure has a significant meaning to it. The lamp, which is being held up above the whole scene, represents truth and it represents the impossibility of denying what has just happened.

  1. "The Renaissance Is An Important Landmark In The History Of Art, But In Other ...

    This was followed by Lorenzo Valla who argued that we were too weak to get into heaven by leading Christian lives so we should rely on divine mercy and his denouncement of the Donation of Constantine5. The most prolific of all Humanist Christians was Erasmus.

  2. Art - the Modern Age era

    The Last Supper by Tintoretto is a beautiful Mannerist-style painting in which the painter creates a revolutionary type of composition. Compared to the surface plane in da Vinci's painting, this piece has a diagonal plane and the viewers can easily notice Jesus' position because of the light around his head.

  1. What is good about the d'Offay exhibition?

    It is also a token of his total honesty in his work - it is his own personal expression. It seems to be a good point to look further into the depiction of psychological space in the paintings. To go back in time almost to Hodgkin's very first painting ("name ist one of all - in large HH book)

  2. Cubism is an art period that followed after the art period Fauvism. Cubism is ...

    Through this technique Cubists found a new way of capturing the 3D world on a flat artists canvas. In cubism the subject matter was broken up, analysed, and reassembled in an abstracted form.

  1. Art Project - Fauvism.

    His drawings have always been the most highly thought of and it seems they always will be. Van Gogh was one of the most influential artists of all time. He played a major role in influencing the Fauves to become the artists they were.

  2. Art Movements.

    Dada artworks were very strong and passionate, and usually they appealed because they were so hidden. Dada also impacted many future art movements, like Surrealism. Surrealism (1924 - 1950) * Was a movement that relied on dreams, nightmares and images from the subconscious for its bizarre, fantastic subject matter.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work