• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Develpment in the History of Photography

Extracts from this document...


Developments in the History of Photography The Camera Obscura (a dark room) The method involved viewing and recording exterior scenes from an interior vantage point. It was a popular medium used by artists in the 17th Century. The set up or procedure was similar to that of a pinhole camera and some Camera Obscuras used a pin hole instead if a lens. The method didn't give very accurate results because the perspective angles were wrong due to the simplicity of the lens at this period of time; this caused distortion of the subject. The camera wasn't very portable either due to its large size! The image would disperse onto a translucent surface inside the dark box-like structure; where it would be traced. In the 1700's the Camera Obscura was reduced to a 24 inch box. Joseph Nicephore Niepce Niepce stabilized the first camera image by exposing (using the camera obscura), a metal plate coated with bitumen; this is where the chemistry behind photography began. The plate was the immersed in oil solvent that removed the bitumen that hadn't been affected by light. ...read more.


Hershel Hershel, an astronomer and a scientist, has to receive some thanks for discovering that the chemical used of fixing (hyposulfite of soda) would protect an exposed image through time. He gave name to the reversed and re-reversed copy; with the term common to us as the positive and negative image. Hershel also named the light writing process photography. William Henry Fox Talbot The British scholar was amazed by The Daguerreotype. Unaware, Talbot had formerly been developing a process that would fix an image of light on to paper. Six years prior to Daguerre's demonstration, Talbot had invented a permanent photographic process. He coated paper with silver chloride, a light sensitive chemical, and placed objects on the paper then exposed to the sunlight. The chemical emulsion darkened where it wasn't protected from the light by the objects; leaving behind a silhouette (a contact print). In 1841 Talbot patented this process under the name "calotype". The calotype succeeded in ways the Daguerreotype had not: they could be made on paper, they were quite durable, and there was capability for duplication. ...read more.


The projected slides also had to be filtered through different coloured solutions. The experiment was a success but regularly viewing many photographs in this way would be ridiculous! Eastman Kodak In 1935, Kodak marketed a film consisting of three colour emulsions; all fixed on a single plastic film. Although the processing of the film required precise control, the problem was overcome by customers sending their exposed film rolls to the Kodak factory for development. By 1947, Kodak with help from a German company, manufactured films that could be processed at home. The photographer could now shoot, develop and print in colour with the Kodak Ektacolor System. Zeiss In 1949, a Germany company called Zeiss developed the Contax S SLR Camera. It was the first SLR without a reversed image to be seen through the viewfinder; they invented the pentaprism viewfinder. Polaroid Polaroid appealed to the public in the 1950's with a simple to use, and more importantly, speedy method of photography. There was no necessity of a darkroom or complicated chemistry. The whole process of capturing and developing took only minutes and was contained in a single lens reflex camera. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Art section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Art essays

  1. Art History Surrealism Project.

    This method can also be done with pictures of objects from a magazine or catalogue. The main types of optical illusion found in surrealist art works are of a drawing that can look like two different things at the same time.

  2. Tradition In Film

    Brazil for instance, follows a man in a dystopian society as he tries to find a way out of the oppressive system and find the woman he has seen only in his dreams.

  1. An Introduction to Experimental Photography

    The UV light caused a chemical reaction to occur between a ferrous complex and ferricyanide to make a viscous blue dye; known as Prussian Blue. The image is developed when flushed with flowing water to remove the water soluble ferrous salts that hadn't reacted with light (where the light didn't reach the paper).

  2. starting digital photography

    We may not be carrying window-sized glass plates, but you and I also hesitate before taking a picture. We're always doing a mental calculation "is it worth it?" Subconsciously we're running down a checklist of costs, times, effort, and so on.

  1. Analysis of Rembrandt Joseph Accused by Potiphars wife Essay.

    Color, the character of a surface resulting from the response of vision to the wavelength of light reflected from that surface, influences people in various ways. One of the greatest color affects people is through their emotions. When I first studied the painting of Joseph being Accused by Potiphar's wife, the dreary, somber colors left me feeling depressed.

  2. Waltons View on Photography.

    One may then think that the distortions of photographs cause them to be opaque as opposed to transparent (transparent meaning you see through a photo the way you do a window). Yet we must also take into account that our direct vision is often distorted, perhaps by similar factors.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work