• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the ideas about the responsibilities of the individual that these three examples might be used to illustrate.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Discuss the ideas about the responsibilities of the individual that these three examples might be used to illustrate. Jean-Jacques Rousseau wrote 'The Social Contract', published in 1762 and from which the passage for this TMA is taken. He was against the monarchy's 'Divine Right' to rule and believed that the People, or sovereignty, had to be the legislative authority and obey the law because they felt they should not because they are forced to. 'When as 'subjects', we obey society's laws, we 'the people', are really only just obeying ourselves as sovereign 'citizens''1. Rousseau believed that the people, under general will, would vote for laws they believed necessary and would be incapable of breaking them because they deemed these laws morally correct. As all people are members of the state they share sovereign power by means of voting. Therefore when a law is proposed, it is the decision of the general will, i.e. the majority of the people, whether it is accepted or rejected. Because individuals do not vote for their personal advantage but for the good of the people, if their individual opinion is in the minority they accept that they would not be free because their opinion would not be the general will, which is what they want. ...read more.

Middle

Our view, is directed to the women in mourning and to the vanishing point which is just above the left shoulder of the taller of the woman in red. The colour and tonal range are both wide; the bright warm colours of the women contrasts with the dark dull colours of the men on the left. Light floods the female figures from the left but only highlights the body of one of the sons and the feet of Brutus which are taut and with clenched toes. The females seem to be sharing their grief whilst Brutus is alone in his own thoughts, separated from the rest of the room by means of turning his back on them. Whilst studying this painting, I am struck by the thought that Brutus is wondering what he has done to both his family and the state. Obviously not wanting to return to life under rule by the Monarchy, he has had no choice in committing his sons to death. Brutus makes a decision for the good of the people - the general will. ...read more.

Conclusion

What does the misty vista reveal to the man? I feel the painting suggests, by means of the vast horizons, that we should look into ourselves, 'and our own resources of feeling and thought in order to discover meaning'4. These three examples define the responsibilities of the individual in contrasting ways. Rousseau believed people should ignore the individual will and that by being noble and good, they would obey the general will which is their will anyway. David's painting of Brutus was 'seen as a representation of a kind of political heroism in which the best interests of society are put before those of the individual'5, whilst the individual in Freidrich's painting is thinking of himself before anything else. I suggest that people have a right to live as they wish so long as it is within the principles and laws of the society or state in which they live. No individual's rights within that society can override the rights of the society as a whole, whilst any changes to the laws must be made as a group in a consensual and democratic way. Individuals have a responsibility to respect and nurture the rights of others whilst the society in which they live also has a responsibility to protect their rights to freedom within that society. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Art section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Art essays

  1. Empire of the Sun by J.G. Ballard Commentary on passage (page 166-168).

    Ransome seems like a very good man, but we can never be too sure of that. Maybe he wants something from Jim in return so he is constantly helping him. But maybe he just feels sorry for the boy that was separated from his parents and wants to help him survive.

  2. Reason and Imagination

    This idea science and imagination was introduced in the 17th century by Emanuel Kant's philosophy which introduced the power of the mind. Scientists must use their imaginations to relate a theory to life in order to conclude the theory to be logical and rational in the real world.

  1. The boundaries between culture and nature have collapsed and the body has become flexible

    The subject as the site of the articulation of representations, inscriptions, and meanings can be explored in the freedom of the potential offered by re-enacting, playing with, and subverting identities, rather than seemingly being fixed, defined, and contained by them.

  2. Art is the best way of expressing religious ideas

    A key examples is angels. In all religious artwork, angels' feet do not appear: they are always covered by their clothing. Religious clothing also indicates status e.g. miters on bishops, or an alb on a priest. Height is also used: those who are standing are human, while those sitting are holy.

  1. My name is Sarah..... I am but three, My eyes are swollen I cannot ...

    And here I am now, As I wonder how How did I survive today as it went by? I wonder why I didn't cry. Maybe that's what you need to see To get you to understand me. Maybe that's what it'll take, dear boy To make you see my life isn't a toy.

  2. In my opinion is Friedrich's view consistent with Rousseau's ideas from The Social ...

    The final will Rousseau formulated was the general will. '...a group taken as a whole rather than as a collection of individuals.' (Block 3, 2003, p104) Rousseau's general will is where I believe problems arise. He thought voting would be the best way to assure that individuals get their voice heard.

  1. To what extent do you find the influence of Rousseau's views on the relationship ...

    According to Rousseau, the general will is that which is best for the state as a whole and the particular will is the particular desires of an individual. (p105, Blk 3). As the particular will is a product of appetite and the general will a product of reason, we should obey the general will which makes us noble and good.

  2. TMA 05 Rousseau and Democracy

    David has included a posture and a gesture of patriotic men when he painted the Horatii with their arms outstretched and respective leg forward. He has defined the firm and determination look on the Horatii when he painted their raising eyebrows, the direction of eyes towards the sword and the slight smile on their faces.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work