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History of Art - Post Impressionism.

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Introduction

History of Art Post Impressionism Post Impressionism was an artistic move to follow Impressionism, desperate to break free of Impressionistic style yet maintain it's contemporary popularity C�zanne, Gauguin, Van Gogh and Seurat all developed their own technique and style which were, in themselves to follow a whole new fashion of art, such as Fauvism and Cubism. Each of the artist's individual techniques struck the end of Impressionism and the beginning of a completely fresh type of art. Cezanne's (1839 - 1906) art lies in the roots of nature, he is often referred to as the father of modern art; despite remaining faithful to Impressionistic art of open scope painting and fleeting affects of light and shade, he gave birth to a whole new, different and controversial approach in which artists were to follow. He strove to develop an ideal synthesis of naturalistic representation, personal expression and abstract pictorial order. We can see C�zanne's influence in the cubist work of Picasso and Matisse; Matisse admired colour whereas Picasso developed C�zanne's planar compositional structure into the cubist style. In C�zanne's paintings he defines the vibrations of colour In "La Cote Du Galet" (1879/82) ...read more.

Middle

In 1891 Gauguin went to live in Tahiti were his paintings were rich in colour. He went to Tahiti in search of paradise but what he found was comparably different, however this did not stop him painting exotic pictures with which he was accused by critics of being artificially exotic when he showed his 66 revolutionary paintings at a Paris exhibition in 1893, he only went back to France for two years in 1893-1895. In Gauguin's "Vision After The Sermon" he combines stylised images of Breton figures in shallow pictorial space with a 'vision' in the top right corner. He is representing Breton women coming back from church and witnessing a sermon, possibly one that had just been mentioned in the church service. We known it is only a vision as the women's eyes are closed. Madeleine, who was his current love is depicted in this painting as one of the Breton women, we can see her lips which are painted in some of her portraits. Gauguin also includes himself in this painting, he is the Priest (same nose), this shows the conflict of the desires of an angel with the desires of a man. ...read more.

Conclusion

We see this again in the painting "La Chahut" were the lines all go upwards, this is due to the psychological sensation by positive lines which create feelings of happiness. Conclusively, Seurat, C�zanne, Van Gogh and Gauguin played a major role in the influence of the art to precede them. Seurat's ideas were very influential, even persuading the great master of the movement of the Impressionist movement, Pissaro to adopt them for a while. His colour techniques would inspire a new generation of artists, the Fauves including Matisse and Picasso. The influence of Seurat can be seen in some of Van Gogh's work were he adopts small brushstrokes and brilliant, pure colour; Van Gogh represents the archetype of expressionism, the idea of spontaneity in painting. Similar to Van Gogh, Munch expresses his emotional turmoil through his paintings. Gaugin's bold experiments in colouring led directly to the 20th century Fauvist style in modern art. His strong modelling influenced Munch too and the later expressionist school. C�zanne was is known as 'the father of modern art'; the intensity of his colour, coupled with the apparent rigor of his compositional organisation, signalled to most that, despite the artist's own frequent despair, he had synthesized the basic expressive and representational elements of painting in a highly original manner. Samantha Johnson ...read more.

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