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  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: Art
  • Word count: 2489

Part II: Shih as a concept applied in Chinese Art, Calligraphy,

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Asian 302: Art of War in Ancient China Chong Wei Wong November 23, 2005 Final Research Paper The Concept of Shih: From Sun-tzu to Chinese Aesthetics Introduction The Chinese concept of shih is an elegant and complex thinking unique to the Chinese culture and tradition. Allowing the propensity inherent in the every kind of reality to operate on its own accord and to maximum effect is the operative concept this essay seek to explore across different domains of reality. The first part of the essay investigates the concept of shih as it is applied in military texts of Sun-tzu and in politics and political rhetoric and communication. The second part of the essay reflect on the application of the concept of shih as it is applied in Chinese aesthetic- base on Fran�ois Jullien's comprehensive study of the concept in the aesthetics of calligraphy, painting and literary theory, and also study the articulation and rendering of the concept in the composition of some prominent works of calligraphy, painting, and poem. PART I: The Concept of Shih as applied in military text of Sun Tzu and in Politics The Concept of Shih in Sun-tzu Shih is the defining idea in the Sun Tzu: The Art of Warfare. In the assertion, "The victorious army first realizes the conditions for victory, and then seeks to engage in battle (Sawyer p. ...read more.


131-132). In another words, Shih in the Chinese aesthetic is the form to the disposition of reality that actualizes the universal dynamism embedded in the potentiality of configuration (ibid p. 260, p. 75-76). As a result, Chinese art is conceived as a process of actualization with the goal to produce a configuration of the dynamism inherent in reality (ibid p. 75). The three jewels of Chinese aesthetics-calligraphy, painting, and poem-all strive to achieve this goal-full expression of the "unfathomable vitality of the invisible through actualization of a perceptible configuration (ibid p. 152)." Concept of Shih in the Chinese art of Calligraphy The concept of Shih is an important basis for the aesthetic theory of Calligraphy because calligraphy rest on the configuration of ideograms-if calligraphic art is conceived as a process of actualization with the goal to produce a configuration of the dynamism inherent in reality, then Chinese aesthetic calligraphy is prime example of this process. Calligraphic shih is the force that runs through the form of the written character and animates it aesthetically-it gives dynamism and depth to the static form and exceed its concrete limitation by revealing the actualized static form (Jullien PT p. 76). In creating calligraphic shih, the cursive calligraphy is the key-it's single continuous uninterrupted stroke with controlled but impulse-deployed surplus movement-from the beginning to the end in one breath-gives rise to the propensity of the impulse of energy that impart dynamism. ...read more.


Configuration of long and short rhythms, as well as of verticality of the mountain, achieve dynamism is demonstrated in Line C. The use of contrast and correlation, and configuration of a couplet, renews vitality fueled by the interaction of polar opposites (Julien PT p. 140). Line D is an example of contrast and correlation create Shih of landscape is the couplet-the wind and water waves are contrast with their respective motions. Poetic shih is therefore the dispositional propensity born of that emotion, articulate meaning with dynamism, it is this shih that succeed at creating the literary effect in this inspiring work. REFERENCE: Frederick Isaacson and Jensen Chung, The Bush vs. Gore rhetoric after the 2000 electoral impasse: A Ch'i-Shih analysis, , San Francisco State University, Studies in Media & Information Literacy Education, Volume 4, Issue 2 (May 2004), University of Toronto Press, Article number: 47 John E. Young , An Assessment of Strategic Prevalence in Ancient China and Applications for Modern Entrepreneurial Strategy* Robert O. Anderson Schools of Management, University of New Mexico Jullien, Francois (2004), The Propensity of Things: Toward a History of Efficacy in China, University of Hawaii Press (denoted PT) Jullien, Francois (1995), A Treatise on Efficacy: Between Western and Chinese Thinking,Zone Books. (denoted TE) Sawyer, D. Ralph (1993), The Seven Military Classics of Ancient China, including The Art of War, Westview Press (Chapter 5, Sun Tzu) Zheng ??? (1999) "??�???�???????," ????????? ?????: http://www.literature.idv.tw/news/n-24.htm#_ftn2 Appendix B Appendix C Appendix A �???�?�???�--??? Appendix D: Excerpts from�???� Lines A: ?????????,??????;????????,?????? Line B: ???????,?????,?????,????,????,????,???????????,??????? Line C: ???????,????????? Line D: ?????,????? ...read more.

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