• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  11. 11
  12. 12
  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: Art
  • Word count: 2489

Part II: Shih as a concept applied in Chinese Art, Calligraphy,

Extracts from this document...


Asian 302: Art of War in Ancient China Chong Wei Wong November 23, 2005 Final Research Paper The Concept of Shih: From Sun-tzu to Chinese Aesthetics Introduction The Chinese concept of shih is an elegant and complex thinking unique to the Chinese culture and tradition. Allowing the propensity inherent in the every kind of reality to operate on its own accord and to maximum effect is the operative concept this essay seek to explore across different domains of reality. The first part of the essay investigates the concept of shih as it is applied in military texts of Sun-tzu and in politics and political rhetoric and communication. The second part of the essay reflect on the application of the concept of shih as it is applied in Chinese aesthetic- base on Fran�ois Jullien's comprehensive study of the concept in the aesthetics of calligraphy, painting and literary theory, and also study the articulation and rendering of the concept in the composition of some prominent works of calligraphy, painting, and poem. PART I: The Concept of Shih as applied in military text of Sun Tzu and in Politics The Concept of Shih in Sun-tzu Shih is the defining idea in the Sun Tzu: The Art of Warfare. In the assertion, "The victorious army first realizes the conditions for victory, and then seeks to engage in battle (Sawyer p. ...read more.


131-132). In another words, Shih in the Chinese aesthetic is the form to the disposition of reality that actualizes the universal dynamism embedded in the potentiality of configuration (ibid p. 260, p. 75-76). As a result, Chinese art is conceived as a process of actualization with the goal to produce a configuration of the dynamism inherent in reality (ibid p. 75). The three jewels of Chinese aesthetics-calligraphy, painting, and poem-all strive to achieve this goal-full expression of the "unfathomable vitality of the invisible through actualization of a perceptible configuration (ibid p. 152)." Concept of Shih in the Chinese art of Calligraphy The concept of Shih is an important basis for the aesthetic theory of Calligraphy because calligraphy rest on the configuration of ideograms-if calligraphic art is conceived as a process of actualization with the goal to produce a configuration of the dynamism inherent in reality, then Chinese aesthetic calligraphy is prime example of this process. Calligraphic shih is the force that runs through the form of the written character and animates it aesthetically-it gives dynamism and depth to the static form and exceed its concrete limitation by revealing the actualized static form (Jullien PT p. 76). In creating calligraphic shih, the cursive calligraphy is the key-it's single continuous uninterrupted stroke with controlled but impulse-deployed surplus movement-from the beginning to the end in one breath-gives rise to the propensity of the impulse of energy that impart dynamism. ...read more.


Configuration of long and short rhythms, as well as of verticality of the mountain, achieve dynamism is demonstrated in Line C. The use of contrast and correlation, and configuration of a couplet, renews vitality fueled by the interaction of polar opposites (Julien PT p. 140). Line D is an example of contrast and correlation create Shih of landscape is the couplet-the wind and water waves are contrast with their respective motions. Poetic shih is therefore the dispositional propensity born of that emotion, articulate meaning with dynamism, it is this shih that succeed at creating the literary effect in this inspiring work. REFERENCE: Frederick Isaacson and Jensen Chung, The Bush vs. Gore rhetoric after the 2000 electoral impasse: A Ch'i-Shih analysis, , San Francisco State University, Studies in Media & Information Literacy Education, Volume 4, Issue 2 (May 2004), University of Toronto Press, Article number: 47 John E. Young , An Assessment of Strategic Prevalence in Ancient China and Applications for Modern Entrepreneurial Strategy* Robert O. Anderson Schools of Management, University of New Mexico Jullien, Francois (2004), The Propensity of Things: Toward a History of Efficacy in China, University of Hawaii Press (denoted PT) Jullien, Francois (1995), A Treatise on Efficacy: Between Western and Chinese Thinking,Zone Books. (denoted TE) Sawyer, D. Ralph (1993), The Seven Military Classics of Ancient China, including The Art of War, Westview Press (Chapter 5, Sun Tzu) Zheng ??? (1999) "??�???�???????," ????????? ?????: http://www.literature.idv.tw/news/n-24.htm#_ftn2 Appendix B Appendix C Appendix A �???�?�???�--??? Appendix D: Excerpts from�???� Lines A: ?????????,??????;????????,?????? Line B: ???????,?????,?????,????,????,????,???????????,??????? Line C: ???????,????????? Line D: ?????,????? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Art section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Art essays

  1. The Development of Landscape Painting in the Italian Renaissance.

    Built up by thick layers of paint and the visible strokes of his brush, the landscape is suffused with vitality and force that animates the figures within. Landscape with a Milkmaid, a drawing known to have been done by Titian, offers us yet another type of landscape.

  2. On the floor I am more at ease, I feel nearer, more a part ...

    His vigorous attack on the canvas and intense devotion to the very act of painting led to the term "action painting." Pollock had become a symbol of the new artistic revolt, abstract expressionism, by the time he was killed in an automobile accident.

  1. Using explorative strategies to help understand the 'Coca-Cola Advert' lyrics and Picasso's Guernica.

    All of the images, symbols, themes, lessons, morals and emotions engrained in the painting can be applied to almost every war that resides in our history. The war in Iraq is at the forefront of our minds at this time as the most recent example of such conflict.

  2. Since my first encounter with Kandinsky's art I was amazed by their complexity and ...

    In the lower left, two boats are depicted. Above them, two mounted Cossacks are joined in battle, brandishing violet sabres. On the lower right, two lovers recline, while above them two robed figures observe from the hillside. Kandinsky has reduced representation to pictographic signs in order to obtain the flexibility to express a higher, cosmic vision.

  1. The boundaries between culture and nature have collapsed and the body has become flexible

    How does that change? What a frivolous concern, appearance is. Yet we live in an age of appearances, surface, immediacy - where disguise at a premium, because, in haste, what can I know but what is in front of me.

  2. How does the Steinbeck present Lennie as a sympathetic character

    Is innocence a bad thing? No, it is a moving quality. Is having prodigious strength a wrong thing? No, it helps a lot when machine in pre-machine time. Is mental handicap really that terrible? Not necessarily, many people live a good life with mental handicap.

  1. ethical communication

    Then list ways to change this behavior in the future. I work in a long term care and rehabilitation nursing home and had an unethical experience I would like to share for this question. At our facility, like many others we are understaffed and are overwhelmed by our job duties and responsibilitites.

  2. Practical showing the conservation of Energy

    But the results stated that we got more KE than GPE, which goes against the Law because energy can?t be created or destroyed. This could be due to experimental error, may be we didn?t compensate for friction enough causing it to slow down, the graph also implies experimental error, or inaccuracy because it presents results that are very scattered.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work