• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Paul Cézanne

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Paul C�zanne He was born in Aix-en-Provence on January 10th, 1839, into a middle class family, and took a classical course of studies at his school in Aix and developed a strong friendship with future writer, Emile Zola. He then went on to study literature and law at his local University, but his passion for art was too strong, so he didn't complete his studies. His whole life revolved around his art and neither the social events of the times, or the Franco-Prussian War in 1870 had any effect on him. His Influence on the Impressionists. Many of his early works were painted in dark tones and applied with heavy, fluid pigment, suggesting a moody, romantic expressionism of the previous generations. Like Zola carried on his interest in the realist novel, C�zanne also developed a commitment to the representation of contemporary life, painting the world that he observed without a concern for stylistic affectation. ...read more.

Middle

C�zanne's use of colour During the 1980's and 90's he continued to paint studies from nature and in excellent Impressionist colours, but gradually, he simplified his application of the paint to the point where he seemed able to define volumetric forms with strokes of pure colour. Critics argued that C�zanne had discovered a means of rendering both natures' light and it's form with a single application of colour. He seemed to be reintroducing a formal structure that the impressionists had abandoned, without sacrificing the sense of brilliant illumination they had achieved. C�zanne spoke of 'modulating' with colour, rather than 'modelling' with dark and light. By this he meant, replacing an artificial convention of representation, with a more expressive system (modulating) that was still closer nature or as C�zanne said, ' parallel to nature.' ...read more.

Conclusion

However, in 1985, a man named Ambroise Vollard, an ambitious Paris art dealer arranged a show of C�zanne's works, and over the next few years promoted them successfully. By 1904, C�zanne was featured in a major official exhibition, and by the time of his death, Aix October 22, 1906 he had attained the status of a legendary figure. During his last years many younger artists travelled to Aix to observe him at work and to receive many words of wisdom he might offer. Both his style and theory remained mysterious and cryptic; he seemed to soma a na�ve primitive, while to others he was a sophisticated master of technical procedure. The intensity of his colour, along with the apparent stubbornness of his compositional organisation, signalled to most that, despite the artist's own frequent despair, he had synthesised the basic expressive and representational elements of painting in a highly original matter. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Art section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Art essays

  1. Describe the development of the impressionist movement from Van Gogh to Kandinsky and Klee.

    sense that it really can express feelings as well as the paintings with images. Figure 13 Black Strokes by Kandinsky Figure 14 Gorge Improvisation by Kandinsky 'Gorge Improvisation' (Figure 14) is a complete abstract expressionism. If you look above, you can see that 'Gorge Improvisation' is more abstracted than the

  2. With Reference to the French 'enlightenment' notions on femininity masculinity and the family, describe ...

    that the mother and father are happy due to the fact that they are simply parents, and united in a 'blissful conjugal union.'13 *** Another family portrait that demonstrates how the ideals of the enlightenment had spread throughout the bourgeoisie is a portrait by the female artist Marie-Louise-Elisabeth Vig�e-Lebrun of 'Marie-Antoinette with her Children' (1787).

  1. Vincent van Gogh

    There are wrinkles and a deep frown surfaced on his face. The position of his hand put his body in a leaning pose, as if the hand is holding him from falling down. Vincent used the colour blue a lot in this painting.

  2. Nanoscience. Nanoscience involves working with objects on a very very small scale in other ...

    It does not consider in detail the developments in nanoscience and nanotechnologies in all scientific and engineering fields. 2 As nanoscience and nanotechnologies cover such a wide range of fields (from chemistry, physics and biology, to medicine, engineering and electronics), we have considered them in four broad categories: nanomaterials; nanometrology;

  1. Writing about impressionism, about two impressionists and discussing their work.

    The bench she is sitting on is also very dark so this contrasts with all the light delicate colours. Also in the foreground is another woman but she is not as distracting as the woman with the red coat. In the middle ground we have girls doing pirouettes and tying

  2. Vincent Van Gogh: Early Years

    Here Gogh was first introduced to the paintings of Jean-Franqois Millet, French who had become quite famous across Europe for his renditions of pheasant life. Van Gogh began painting and he forcibly modeled his style after Millet. By the age of 29 Gogh had moved from his parents house and

  1. The Romantic Age

    In England in 1825 he spent several months-absorbing English painting and making numerous studies of horses. As a tribute to Byron and the Greek War of Independence he painted Greece Expiring on the Ruins of Missolonghi.

  2. Forerunners of Impressionism

    Scientist Eugene Chevreul discovered and demonstrates colour can perform illusions and affects the observer psychologically. It was Chevreul's development of colour theory that allowed Impressionists to move in new directions. Using basic principles of colour contrast and general colour effects Impressionists created complex paintings.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work