• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Realism and Impressionism

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Wednesday 8/3/2000 Realism and Impressionism Realism: In art and literature, realism is an attempt to describe human behaviour and surroundings or to represent figures and objects exactly as they act or appear in life. Attempts at realism have been made periodically throughout history in all the arts; the term is, however, generally restricted to a movement that began in the mid-19th century, in reaction to the highly subjective approach of Romanticism. Realism is concerned directly with what is absorbed by the senses. In art, although a clearly defined realist school has never evolved, a realist approach has been manifested in different ways at various times. The term realist, used to describe a work of art, has often simply meant that "ugly" objects or figures are represented, as opposed to those considered "beautiful". ...read more.

Middle

Impressionism in painting arose out of dissatisfaction with the classical and sentimental subjects and dry, precise techniques of paintings that were approved by the Academie des Beaux-Arts in Paris and created in studio settings. They traditionally set the standards of French art and sponsored the official Paris Salon exhibitions, which reflected and popularized them. Rejecting these standards, the Impressionists preferred to paint outdoors, choosing landscapes and street scenes, as well as figures from everyday life. Their primary object was to achieve a spontaneous, undetailed rendering of the world through careful representation of the effect of natural light on objects. The Impressionists were concerned with the depiction of reality not through the exact rendering of form and to reflect in shadows the colours of surrounding objects. ...read more.

Conclusion

Juxtaposing a primary colour (red) with its complementary colour (green) brought out the vivid quality of each. The Impressionists achieved greater brilliance and luminosity in their paintings than that ordinarily produced by blending pigments before applying them to the canvas. Impressionism had far-reaching effects. Painters who began as Impressionists developed other techniques, which started new movements in art. Impressionists: Edgar Degas, Claude Monet, Berthe Morisot, Camille Pissarro, Pierre Auguste Renoir, Alfred Sidney, Jan Vermeer, Diego Velazquez, Fransisco de Goya, John Constable J.M.W. Turner, Camille Corot, Eugene Louis Boudin, Gustave Courbet, Edouard Manet, Emile Zola, Charles Baudlaire, J.A.M. Whistler, Mary Cassatt, Childe Hassam, Winslow Homer, John Singer Sargent, Walter Sickert, Giovanni Segantini, Georges Seurat, Paul Signac, Paul Cezanne, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Paul Gauguin, Vincent van Gogh Here are two paintings of realism and impressionism (from left to right) ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Art section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Art essays

  1. Forerunners of Impressionism

    This is evident in his painting Olympia- (1863). Manet is active with his brushwork often dragging colours in thick strokes. Manet also developed strong contours with forms like the lying woman, reducing her to a mass of light with hardly any tone.

  2. Writing about impressionism, about two impressionists and discussing their work.

    He travelled through Italy entering galleries and copying the drawings. Like Renoir, Degas is also a painter of people but unlike other impressionists he worked in a studio as he thought a painting was formed in the mind of an artist.

  1. The Effects of the Nazi Political Movement on German Visual Arts

    Notice the appealing, peaceful sky and the healthy red cheeks of both the young and old people. Even though their facial expressions show little evidence of an idealistic lifestyle, it is important to remember that the painting had to have a serious, unsuspicious tone.

  2. Impressionism is the movement in painting that was developed in the late 19th century ...

    During the 1860's he was associated with the preimpressionist painter Edouard Manet and with other French painters who later formed the impressionist school. They are Camille Pissarro, Pierre Auguste Renoir and Alfred Sisley. Around the same period, Monet painted simple landscapes and scenes of contemporary middle-class society and had some success at official exhibitions.

  1. Vincent van Gogh

    Stoke's school and later helped Reverend Mr.Jones in Isleworth. In July 1878, Vincent traveled to Brussels and went to Flemish Evangelical School to earn a license as a lay preacher. However, to his disappointment, he did not complete the course and left. In 1879, Vincent was given a job as a lay preacher in Wasmes in the mining region of Mons.

  2. Romanticism v realism

    The painting is highly characterized by use of sharp light and shade as well as the naturalistic element. The light descends from the dark hues in the stormy clouds and into the open sea. Gericault avoided showing the most horrific aspects of the event in choosing to depict the moment

  1. History of Art - What Are The Key Characteristics Of Impressionism.

    The wonder of light models and silhouettes the figures from behind. In many of Degas paintings he has his subjects in very informal poses, such as stretching which gives the effect of being glimpsed in passing. Degas is very aware of the brushstrokes and texture which is show through the visible freedom of the brushstrokes.

  2. History of Art - Post Impressionism.

    We see C�zanne's use of image flattening and the Japanese print influence in "The Basket of Apples" (1890/94), the black line around the apple and black outline links with the structure of the painting, he flattens the 3 dimensional potential.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work