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Why did the Renaissance start in Italy during the 15th century?

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Introduction

Why did the Renaissance start in Italy during the 15th century? The word Renaissance means rebirth. It was a period when people rediscoverd learning and looking back to the classical civilizations of Rome and Greece for their inspiration. It was an exciting time of new inventions and amazing discoveries, magnificent buildings and beutiful art. My aim in this essay, is to explain why the Renaissance started in Italy during the 15 century. In this essay I will talk about; The growing wealth of Italy, divided Italy, the classical period, humanists, trade and exploration. The main reasons of why the Renaissance started in Italy during the 15th century were the growing wealth of italy because the history and art of the Greeks influenced the Italiens, and the classical period because the Italiens started to look at the art work from the Greeks and Romans and they started to use art in a simular way. ...read more.

Middle

Scholars considered shapes, such as squares and circles, to be mathematically perfect. They were delighted that Roman architect Vitruvius had suggested that a perfect human body was naturally in harmony with these perfect mathematical forms. They took this harmony as evidenve of a 'grand design', by which the univese had been formed. Michaelangelo intended his painting to be more than just a picture: it is a statement of humanist beliefs in the power and beuty of humankind. Michaelangelo believed that without God, Adam could not live. Even so, he has portrayed him as strong, relaxed and unafraid. Michaelangelo's painting shows us that, for some Renaissance artists, humanity could be almost divine. Other painters and sculptors were interested in studying humanity for its own sake. They produced psychological portaitsof individual men and women. These works portrax the sitter's inner character as well as their outward appearance. They go deeper than the mere images of wealth and power, which were usual in earlier portraits. ...read more.

Conclusion

In the 14th and 15th centuries explorers were able to travel further across the seas because there were great advances in ship design. Sea captains had poor maps and navigation instruments and so rarely sailed out of sight of land. By the 14th century there were new navigation instruments to work out speed and distance. Sailors used compasses to tell which way they were sailing. Astrolobe and cross staff were also invented to help sailors navigate. Maps steadily improved. The Spanish and Portuguese were the best mapmakers because they travelled the furthest afield. I think that the main factors which spread the Renaissance were divided Italy and the growing wealth of Italy because the history and art of the Greeks and Romans influenced the Italiens, the classical period because the Italiens started to look at the art and architecture from the Greeks and Romans and they started to use art in a simular way and trade because people began to want more luxury goods. Lilian Strobl 8B ...read more.

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