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As a manager discuss what you would expect to be the results of a mismatch between delegated authority and responsibility.

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Introduction

1 As a manager discuss what you would expect to be the results of a mismatch between delegated authority and responsibility. The hallmark of good manager is effective delegation. Delegation is when a manager gives responsibility and authority to subordinates to complete a task. Effective delegation involves achieving the correct balance between effective controls of work and allowing people to complete their work in their own way. Ultimately, developing people who are more fulfilled and productive, managers too become more fulfilled and productive themselves as they learn to count on their staff, which frees up more of their time to attend to more important issues. "The best executive is the one who has sense enough to pick good men to do what he wants done, and self-restraint enough to keep from meddling with them while they do it." (1) Theodore Roosevelt. "I not only use all the brains I have, but all I can borrow." (2) Woodrow Wilson . Delegating tasks and responsibility is a vital component of management. The primary reason most managers delegate is to decrease their workload, which enables them to focus on other tasks and responsibilities. Other reasons to delegate include improved staff satisfaction, better ability to get an increased amount of work done, and faster career growth for the manager and the employee who completes the project. Not only does the manager's workload decrease, but his staff members also have the opportunity to advance. When delegation is effective, the entire team and the business itself can succeed. Effective delegation can save managers time in the end, but initially it takes time for planning what should be delegated, selecting and training competent staff. It is not a shortcut to avoid responsibility; ultimate accountability rests with the top manager, regardless of who performs the work. It is impractical for a manager to handle all the work of a department directly. ...read more.

Middle

2. Qualifications and experience the skill and knowledge required for different jobs. 3. Innate abilities how quickly and accurately a person's mind works. 4. Motivation the kind of work that appeals to a person and the amount of effort they are prepared to put into it. 5. Emotional (psychological/interpersonal) adjustment capacity to work and cope with the demands of living and working with other people Although many employers still use these traditional classification schemes as a framework for recruitment and selection, they are becoming increasingly dated. A more comprehensive approach to recruitment & selection is provided by Assessment Centres, they are the product of an evolving recruitment & selection process. When screening potential employees it has become commonplace for companies and other organisations to use various, and in some cases quite advanced, methods of analysing applicants' personalities. The use of cognitive and psychometric tests appears to be quite popular, they supplement selection with information acquired from testing data, which allows for a more informed decision to be made. "Psychometric testing refers to any technique that has been devised for measuring an aspect of psychological functioning." (9) (Malin and Birch 1988) They provide a better indepth look at the candidate(s) by incorporating a wide range of assessment techniques. Assessment Centers allow for greater comparisons to be made between potential candidates, they allow for group exercises, which relate directly to the job. Candidates are subject to scrutiny by a panel of observers so an informed decision can be made. This allows a less biased decision to be made and as the whole assessment process is longer and more interactive, theoretically, it allows for a better decision to be made. As well as personality tests, interviews are also a widely used tool in personnel selection. The way in which an interview is conducted can range from a completely free, formless conversation over semi-structured types to fully structured variants with standardised questions and processes. ...read more.

Conclusion

Extranets are now one of the most popular technologies in the information age. Analysts and researchers expect extranets to replace special purpose networks that are currently used in the fields of e-businesses and e-commerce, as extranets are cheaper to build than special purpose networks, in addition to their capability in facilitating management operations and improving communications with the clients. The benefits of e-commerce to B2b partnerships are many. The first obvious benefit is reduced costs, which occur from no paper and postage costs, time between receipt and implementation of an order being reduced and scheduling information being transmitted with the ordering data. Manufacturing companies can plan the production more accurately, hence, cost saving. The cash flow is greatly improved under EDI with EFT (Electronic Fund Transfer) which is a electronic transfer value tool, EFT also compliments EDI allowing partners to improve financial management and with EFT payments arrive on the date agreed and not 2-4 days following postage EDI brings with it reduced errors as information never has to be received or copied. Also EDI can be integrated with the companies current system avoiding re-input data, eliminating possible error and reducing time. One of The greatest things about EDI is when a message is received a message is sent back to the sender confirming its arrival. This is the equivalent to a postal registered mail. When looking at e-commerce globally B2b is growing at an unprecedented rate and is far surpassing B2c but I don't believe e-commerce is just about B2b communications. There are success stories within other areas of e-commerce, such as person-to-person communications, the best example being E-bay with a turn over in excess of $100 million. There was also Napster, which had one of the biggest 'share-ware' communities with millions of members. The growth of business-banking and Tesco-online are excellent examples of B2c. E-commerce is about communication, buying and selling, the fact is that the B2b sector has finally got its act together, after realising the potential of e-commerce and investing in technology it is now reaping the rewards. ...read more.

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