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Assess the effectiveness of economic planning in bringing about stability and progress in Italy in the years 1922 to 1940.

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Introduction

Assess the effectiveness of economic planning in bringing about stability and progress in Italy in the years 1922 to 1940. When Benito Mussolini came in to power he had a number of aims for Italy. They were to make Italy great, feared, respected, a revision of the Versailles treaty and he wanted Italy to be militarily strong, playing a major role in European affairs, and carving herself an Empire to rival that of Ancient Rome. He did not come to power with a coherent programme. In fact he had given real thought to what he would do once in office. He had little knowledge of, or interest in the workings of the economy, while his policies towards society developed rather slowly and were rarely properly planned in advance. ...read more.

Middle

The fascist method of organising the economy was to promote national interest above sectional interests; they wanted a society where all people involved in economic activity to work together for national interest this corporativism was a third way between Capitalism and socialism or the Fascist ideology. The battle for the Lira, Grain and Marshes were used by Mussolini to mobilise the Italian people. However in realty these battles just meant taking resources from one to another and as a result one had to suffer so they were not sustainable or realistic economic policies. Mussolini also wanted to make Italy more self-sufficient, however this was not successful economically or militarily. ...read more.

Conclusion

This was not very impressive but did help stabilise any social unrest. Over all Italy was more prosperous by 1940. On average the gross domestic product increased by 1.2 per cent per year, but this was not filtering through to all sections of the Italian population. The industrialists and landowners in the north profited the most and so did the middle class. The increase in public employees meant an increase in educated population and secure jobs for the middle class. The peasantry were not benefiting despite Mussolini's slogan of giving the peasants more land. Mussolini's preoccupations meant that the country's 'old problems' - rural poverty, the north-south divide and illiteracy - were largely ignored and also the living standards of the population in the south was very poor. Faisal Choudhury ...read more.

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