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Biotechnology information

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Introduction

Biotechnology Research Stem Cell Research A stem cell is a "generic" cell that can make exact copies of it indefinitely. In addition, a stem cell has the ability to produce specialized cells for various tissues in the body -- such as heart muscle, brain tissue, and liver tissue. Scientists are able to maintain stem cells forever, developing them into specialized cells as needed. What Does It Involve? What stem cell research strives to achieve is the cultivation and nurturement of stem cells, the basic cell of the body, enabling it to be reproduced to other specific parts of the body. The implications are obvious. Limbs and organs could be grown from scratch in a lab then used in transplants or to cure illnesses. * Embryonic stem cells - these are obtained from either aborted fetuses or fertilized eggs that are left over from in vitro fertilization. They are useful for medical and research purposes because they can produce cells for almost every tissue in the body. ...read more.

Middle

This would tell if the drug is useful or problematic. * Scientists see great potential for the use of human stem cells in the treatment of many medical conditions, ranging from Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases to diabetes, spinal cord injuries, and degenerative heart conditions. The Human Genome Project is an international scientific research project. Its primary goals were to determine the sequence of chemical base pairs which make up DNA and to identify the approximately 25,000 genes of the human genome. They also want to understand it and complete a map of all their findings. When Did This Start The project began in 1990 initially headed by James D. Watson. A working draft of the genome was released in 2000 and a complete one in 2003, with further analysis still being published. A parallel project was conducted by the private company Celera Genomics. Most of the sequencing was performed in universities and research centers from the United States, Canada and Great Britain. ...read more.

Conclusion

decisions about the ownership of data by 'affected' or donor individuals, * the ethics of germ line gene therapy, * the ethics of somatic gene therapy, * the costs of genetic treatment versus benefit to the community. Food Biotechnology Modern biotechnology refers to various scientific techniques used to produce specific desired traits in plants, animals or microorganisms through the use of genetic knowledge. Since its introduction to agriculture and food production in the early-1990, biotechnology has been utilized to develop new tools for improving productivity. In 2005, twenty-one countries planted biotech crops covering a total of 222 million acres. These crops include soybeans, corn, cotton, canola, papaya, and squash that are improved versions of the traditional varieties. In addition, rapid-rise yeast and an enzyme used to make cheese are both commonly produced through biotechnology. I visit these websites below http://www.spuc.org.uk/students/stemcells/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_Genome_Project http://www.healthline.com/adamcontent/stem-cell-research#definition www.ask.com I did not use google.com because it was not working and an error came up. I used www.ask.com because it was giving me more details then the other websites. ?? ?? ?? ?? Daniel Evans ...read more.

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