• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Business organisation and systems.

Extracts from this document...


BUSINESS ORGANIZATION AND SYSTEMS Arthur has new ideas on how to manage the business and workforce more efficiently and effectively compared to the managing styles of Jack. Jack follows the principle of scientific management. Scientific management states that management should be based on well-recognized principles. Scientific management also suggests that the responsibility of management was to select and help workers to perform their jobs properly. Main characteristics of scientific management include: > Shift all responsibility for the organization of work from the worker to the manager. Managers should do all the thinking relating to the planning and design of work, leaving the workers with the task of implementation. > Train the worker to do the work efficiently. > Use scientific methods to determine the most efficient way of doing work. Design the worker's task accordingly, specifying the precise way in which the work is to be done. > Select the best person to do the job. > Monitor worker performance to ensure that appropriate work procedures are followed and that appropriate results are achieved. The responsibility of workers was simply to accept the methods and perform accordingly. 1 However Arthur wants to move away from scientific management and wants to use a more flexible approach towards management. ...read more.


3 There are many advantages to the organization when introducing a theory 'Y' approach. Arthur wants his employees to contribute more in the daily running of the business and is willing to take up ideas from them. Arthur would benefit from the new ideas from his employees, as they do the work on the work on a daily basis. Also his employees could be more enthusiastic and committed to achieving the company goals and objectives because they will feel valued by their employer. An employer with a good reputation and who values his employees could attract more qualified employees and could reduce staff turnover. Employees could also put more effort into their work and the work could be done a lot faster because they have come up with the ideas on how the should be done. This could also motivate staff and they could be willing to come into work and take less time off. The success of management in motivating employees to meet the business objectives they have set is largely based on the management style they adopt. The management approach described by Flexi is democratic style management. The democratic manager like Felix allows the employees to take part in decision making. The employees are consulted and made to feel part of the final decision-making process. ...read more.


Rules, procedure and precedent are less important. Authority flows more from competence on the task rather than place in the hierarchy. The advantages of the task culture and matrix structure are: Advantages: > Task culture is appropriate where flexibility, creativity and teamwork are important qualities. > Being job or project oriented, the task culture is based on the expertise of a well-trained professional staff > Different teams across the functions can be combined as appropriate to meet the needs of different projects. This adds interest and variety to working life and can therefore act as a motivator. Disadvantages: > Much of the power and influence in a matrix system lies at quite low levels in the management hierarchy. This gives rise to power groups at lower levels with specialised knowledge and expertise. Senior managers no longer know everything. > Control may be difficult in the task culture. Dilution of power and control are the price paid by senior managers for fast response and more teamwork. 5 1 "HND Business Course book - organization and Behavior (page 28)". 2 "Business studies for A Level and Btec - David symons and Andrew Adams ". 3 "Supervisory Management Principle and Practice (Second Edition - 1986) David Evans, Page 96-7.". 4 "Understanding Business - Alistaire Norman, Marie and Peter Shortt". 5 "GNVQ Advanced Business - Jon Sutherland and Diane Canwell with Stuart Merrills, Second Edition". Safdar Nadeem Khaliq HND Business and Computing 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE People in Business section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE People in Business essays

  1. Investigate about the important roles that management plays in achieving my chosen organisation aims ...

    sales or decrease on their costs of production in the short run which will therefore end up as profit maximised. Providing quality goods: The action of planning and monitoring will help Tescos plc management keep to their aims, which is, to provide consumers with naturally homemade products such as shampoos, toiletries hair and skin products to all its customers.

  2. As a short-term business Consultant, I have been hired by Alton Towers PLC to ...

    The theme park trains their staff up using on the job training so that they get a better feel for the work they will be doing. This way the staff are gaining their qualification and the company is losing no time and it is more convenient.

  1. Business at Work - ASDA

    Asda have said that, 'We offer people with disabilities a working environment which is supportive and which has good social facilities. We also operate an equal opportunities policy with regard to opportunities for promotion'. In accordance with the employment laws, Asda abides by three main acts, on which it has devised its equal opportunities policy.

  2. GSCE Unit 2: People & Business

    This is about 1/3 of their earnings and the rest they will keep and it will be their yearly takings. The tax would include PAYE (pays as you earn) these taxes go to the government and the retired. General Manager - Thomas Fering Key responsibilities: They have total responsibility for

  1. Business Gnvq Coursework - Morrisons

    No organisation has a very clear procedure, in which if the employee can complain if there are treated unfairly. This is known as the grievance procedure. Most of the grievance procedure is covered in three main areas: > If an mistake is made > The amount of time off you

  2. Free essay

    GNVQ Business Studies Unit 1

    Bottom of worth sea, space. Aircraft can't afford product failure - quality vital to be competitor. > Quality test to high standards (quality standards - ISO 900l?) Keeping costs down/competitive. > Manufacturing methods, minimize waste etc. > Delivery dates vital - on time - else customer production delayed (components)

  1. Self-Efficacy Theory Explanation for the Managementof Remote Workers in Virtual Organizations

    The remainder of this paper is organized as follows. Self-efficacy theory is described in the next section. This is followed by a description of the research model and its hypotheses, a presentation of the research methodology employed, a description of the results, and finally a discussion of the findings, including suggestions for future research and management practice.

  2. Describe and discuss the difficulties encountered when managing organisation wide change in a hierarchical ...

    Demands by employees, labour unions or product inefficiencies all can generate a force to which management must respond with change. An overall model for planned change is depicted in Figure 1. Four events make up the change sequence: (1) Internal and external forces that drive the change; (2)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work