• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Business organisation and systems.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

BUSINESS ORGANIZATION AND SYSTEMS Arthur has new ideas on how to manage the business and workforce more efficiently and effectively compared to the managing styles of Jack. Jack follows the principle of scientific management. Scientific management states that management should be based on well-recognized principles. Scientific management also suggests that the responsibility of management was to select and help workers to perform their jobs properly. Main characteristics of scientific management include: > Shift all responsibility for the organization of work from the worker to the manager. Managers should do all the thinking relating to the planning and design of work, leaving the workers with the task of implementation. > Train the worker to do the work efficiently. > Use scientific methods to determine the most efficient way of doing work. Design the worker's task accordingly, specifying the precise way in which the work is to be done. > Select the best person to do the job. > Monitor worker performance to ensure that appropriate work procedures are followed and that appropriate results are achieved. The responsibility of workers was simply to accept the methods and perform accordingly. 1 However Arthur wants to move away from scientific management and wants to use a more flexible approach towards management. ...read more.

Middle

3 There are many advantages to the organization when introducing a theory 'Y' approach. Arthur wants his employees to contribute more in the daily running of the business and is willing to take up ideas from them. Arthur would benefit from the new ideas from his employees, as they do the work on the work on a daily basis. Also his employees could be more enthusiastic and committed to achieving the company goals and objectives because they will feel valued by their employer. An employer with a good reputation and who values his employees could attract more qualified employees and could reduce staff turnover. Employees could also put more effort into their work and the work could be done a lot faster because they have come up with the ideas on how the should be done. This could also motivate staff and they could be willing to come into work and take less time off. The success of management in motivating employees to meet the business objectives they have set is largely based on the management style they adopt. The management approach described by Flexi is democratic style management. The democratic manager like Felix allows the employees to take part in decision making. The employees are consulted and made to feel part of the final decision-making process. ...read more.

Conclusion

Rules, procedure and precedent are less important. Authority flows more from competence on the task rather than place in the hierarchy. The advantages of the task culture and matrix structure are: Advantages: > Task culture is appropriate where flexibility, creativity and teamwork are important qualities. > Being job or project oriented, the task culture is based on the expertise of a well-trained professional staff > Different teams across the functions can be combined as appropriate to meet the needs of different projects. This adds interest and variety to working life and can therefore act as a motivator. Disadvantages: > Much of the power and influence in a matrix system lies at quite low levels in the management hierarchy. This gives rise to power groups at lower levels with specialised knowledge and expertise. Senior managers no longer know everything. > Control may be difficult in the task culture. Dilution of power and control are the price paid by senior managers for fast response and more teamwork. 5 1 "HND Business Course book - organization and Behavior (page 28)". 2 "Business studies for A Level and Btec - David symons and Andrew Adams ". 3 "Supervisory Management Principle and Practice (Second Edition - 1986) David Evans, Page 96-7.". 4 "Understanding Business - Alistaire Norman, Marie and Peter Shortt". 5 "GNVQ Advanced Business - Jon Sutherland and Diane Canwell with Stuart Merrills, Second Edition". Safdar Nadeem Khaliq HND Business and Computing 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE People in Business section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE People in Business essays

  1. Business at Work - ASDA

    are always on the look out for new products and services, which they can sell and pass on at better savings to their customers. Asda is very well placed to pass on great savings and great product deals to its customers as it is able to take advantage of its take-over by the American retail giant 'Wal-Mart'.

  2. Analysis of a Contract Specific Organisation

    Recruitment, Training & TUPE All our HR processes covering recruitment, appraisal, remuneration and training are covered by our IiP accreditation. So you can rest assured that we will apply resources of the right calibre, experience, motivation and inclination. Our processes do not permit us to place resources without constant ongoing and adequate support and review of their performance.

  1. Investigate about the important roles that management plays in achieving my chosen organisation aims ...

    Its main aim is to sell most of it frozen foods through the Internet. The diagram below shows all the Tesco's aims. It also has two main aims, which are: Increase its share of the U.K grocery market and the other one is to Develop its non-food business and the

  2. Free essay

    GNVQ Business Studies Unit 1

    if an employee decides to quit or gets fired, then they will need to find a replacement as fast as possible, especially if he or she is a key part of the business (e.g. a manager or supervisor). The main activities in the Human Resources department are: * Pay Rolls:

  1. people in business task 5

    Read your contract of employment very carefully and take it to your Trade Union, Citizens' Advice Bureau or employment lawyer if there is anything you are not sure about. Like all legal issues, your employment rights are detailed and complicated, with many conditions and exceptions.

  2. Describe and discuss the difficulties encountered when managing organisation wide change in a hierarchical ...

    Figure 2: Types of Organisation Changes2 No matter the type of change the organisation has to select an approach to it. Many managers struggle with the question of how bold they should be. Depending on the type of change at times in order to fundamentally transform the organisation a break in the past is needed.

  1. GSCE Unit 2: People & Business

    He also sorts out the customer cards and makes sure the presentation of them is acceptable, and up to his standards. He also makes sure everything in the store is clean and makes sure there is a rotation to the store.

  2. The Organisation

    For a group to be effective the members needs to have a belief in shared aims and objectives, a sense of commitment to the group, take on some responsibility, be in agreement of the groups values and what is expected.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work