• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"China was able to survive its crisis in communism (after 1976) because it went for economic reforms and not political reforms." To what extent is this accurate?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Name: Kenneth Teo CT Group: 1A13A Tutor: Mr Edmund Kwok Course Title: History 9067/3 1) "China was able to survive its crisis in communism (after 1976) because it went for economic reforms and not political reforms." To what extent is this accurate? In the years before 1976, many unwise policies were carried out which brought China into a crisis of communism, or a state in which communism was threatened. The Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution were specifically the main causes of the crisis of communism and the mastermind between these two movements, Mao Zedong, can be held responsible for their initiation. The Great Leap Forward was a great economic failure. Years of famine and intense suffering came about as a result of this skewed project of Mao's. Consequently, he was sidelined in the CCP. The direct consequence of this was the Cultural Revolution, as he sought to regain his lost prestige and power in the CCP in his attempts to remove his political rivals the liuists or the pragmatists from power. The Cultural Revolution that took place in the years from 1966-1976 had done great harm to the country and its impact was felt economically and socially. ...read more.

Middle

The crisis in communism had also had an adverse effect on the economy. Deng's catch phrase "it doesn't matter if the cat is black or white so long as it catches the mouse" encapsulates his entire approach towards economic reform. His economic reforms were very obviously not in line with communism at all but he felt that if they could bring greater prosperity to China, it was worth it to adopt these new measures. The reforms took place largely in rural China. There was increased emphasis and investment on consumer industries as opposed to the heavy industry oriented economy under Mao's regime. Prices rather than designated outputs were now employed to give farmers more motivation to plant more lucrative crops. Privatisation was now encouraged and all the traditional representatives of the old communist economy, such as the communes and the Household Responsibility System, were abolished. Simultaneously, "a whole range of new industrial enterprises, known as Township and Village Enterprises, were established in the rural areas"2. The switch to a more capitalist economy was obvious for all to see. ...read more.

Conclusion

Deng proved his point during the Tiananmen incident that took place in 1989. Resentful and dissatisfied with Deng, hordes of students gathered at Tiananmen to put demands to him for further change, radical change in fact. However, his stance did not waver, and in a great show of iron-fisted dictatorship, ordered the army to put down the demonstrators by force. Political reform was evidently not part of Deng's plan for China and played no part in its survival after the crisis of communism. However, in another light, perhaps it was Deng's political grip on China which got the country out of its crisis. In Russia, the establishment of perestroika and glasnost at the same time heralded doom for Soviet communism as the people, suppressed by years of communist rule, quickly and forcefully acted against it once it had the chance. However, Deng's stubbornness ensured that China remained a communist country. When the USSR disintegrated, China still stood as a communist power. In conclusion, it is plain to see that Deng Xiaoping's introduction of economic reform greatly aided China's progress and alleviated the crisis of communism. No political reform was initiated by him but this was the very reason why communism remained intact in China, whilst it was obliterated elsewhere. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Economy & Economics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Economy & Economics essays

  1. Retailing In India - A Government Policy Perspective

    lucrative incentives, many of these governments restrict the way foreign companies operate in order to protect local industry and to maximize spillovers to the domestic economy. The most popular restrictions are local-content requirements, which force foreign companies to purchase a certain percentage of inputs locally, and joint-venture requirements.

  2. Causes of the Great Depression

    Then came Black Tuesday, October 29th 1929. The market plummeted. By July the Dow reached a low of 41.22. Millions upon millions of dollars had been lost. Many who had bought on margin (credit) had to pay back debts with money they didn't have. Some opened up the windows and jumped to their deaths.

  1. To what extent was Nazi economic policy ideologically driven?

    Many of the industries however did not even meet their targets. Mainly due to the fact that the regime had not been able to effectively determine it priorities, this is probably because their judgement had been clouded by the fact that they were desperate for more living space and the prospect of war was looming.

  2. Compare and contrast the approaches to economic reform adopted in China and Russia

    In contrast Russia was largely an industrial country, with 85% of the labour force working in factories12, with weakening macro-economic conditions and putting in action reconstructive changes in a moment of general economic recession13. Besides the fundamental dissimilarities mentioned above, China and Russia also showed several other differences.

  1. Discuss the extent to which the economic theories in the Market's Reader can be ...

    economy depends on ideas and information. The new economy has meant a change in how states try to attract business and industry. In the old economy, the factors which drew industry to a state included low taxes, cheap land, abundant low priced labor, adequate natural resources, good transportation and other physical infrastructures.

  2. Free essay

    From an economic perspective should my council do more to recycle a greater proportion ...

    My council's terrible recycling percentage of March 2009 (31.2%), which was the 8th best out of 11 in Surrey, influenced them to make drastic improvements in their services. Its poor performance can be seen when compare to the average of those 11 councils which, as shown on the chart, was 40.9%.

  1. Discuss the extent to which the economic theories in the Market's Reader can be ...

    Now I will talk about the most clearly feathers of the new economy: 1. knowledge society There are a few factors that differentiate the new economy from the old economy. The major difference in the "newness" of the new economy and the old economy is the mode in which the organizations operate and the resources used.

  2. Global Business Plan.

    * Cheap Qualified Labor. * Amiable Government Policies. * High Market Demand-Population of 1.2 billion growing by 17 million annually. Weaknesses: * Communist Controlled * Partnering Requirements * Distribution * Financial Systems * Low-speed on-line payments * Less mature Venture Capital Financing * Inefficient Stock Markets Opportunities: * Standard of Living Moving Upward * Poverty Level Under 10% * Fastest Growing Destination for U.S.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work