• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"China was able to survive its crisis in communism (after 1976) because it went for economic reforms and not political reforms." To what extent is this accurate?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Name: Kenneth Teo CT Group: 1A13A Tutor: Mr Edmund Kwok Course Title: History 9067/3 1) "China was able to survive its crisis in communism (after 1976) because it went for economic reforms and not political reforms." To what extent is this accurate? In the years before 1976, many unwise policies were carried out which brought China into a crisis of communism, or a state in which communism was threatened. The Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution were specifically the main causes of the crisis of communism and the mastermind between these two movements, Mao Zedong, can be held responsible for their initiation. The Great Leap Forward was a great economic failure. Years of famine and intense suffering came about as a result of this skewed project of Mao's. Consequently, he was sidelined in the CCP. The direct consequence of this was the Cultural Revolution, as he sought to regain his lost prestige and power in the CCP in his attempts to remove his political rivals the liuists or the pragmatists from power. The Cultural Revolution that took place in the years from 1966-1976 had done great harm to the country and its impact was felt economically and socially. ...read more.

Middle

The crisis in communism had also had an adverse effect on the economy. Deng's catch phrase "it doesn't matter if the cat is black or white so long as it catches the mouse" encapsulates his entire approach towards economic reform. His economic reforms were very obviously not in line with communism at all but he felt that if they could bring greater prosperity to China, it was worth it to adopt these new measures. The reforms took place largely in rural China. There was increased emphasis and investment on consumer industries as opposed to the heavy industry oriented economy under Mao's regime. Prices rather than designated outputs were now employed to give farmers more motivation to plant more lucrative crops. Privatisation was now encouraged and all the traditional representatives of the old communist economy, such as the communes and the Household Responsibility System, were abolished. Simultaneously, "a whole range of new industrial enterprises, known as Township and Village Enterprises, were established in the rural areas"2. The switch to a more capitalist economy was obvious for all to see. ...read more.

Conclusion

Deng proved his point during the Tiananmen incident that took place in 1989. Resentful and dissatisfied with Deng, hordes of students gathered at Tiananmen to put demands to him for further change, radical change in fact. However, his stance did not waver, and in a great show of iron-fisted dictatorship, ordered the army to put down the demonstrators by force. Political reform was evidently not part of Deng's plan for China and played no part in its survival after the crisis of communism. However, in another light, perhaps it was Deng's political grip on China which got the country out of its crisis. In Russia, the establishment of perestroika and glasnost at the same time heralded doom for Soviet communism as the people, suppressed by years of communist rule, quickly and forcefully acted against it once it had the chance. However, Deng's stubbornness ensured that China remained a communist country. When the USSR disintegrated, China still stood as a communist power. In conclusion, it is plain to see that Deng Xiaoping's introduction of economic reform greatly aided China's progress and alleviated the crisis of communism. No political reform was initiated by him but this was the very reason why communism remained intact in China, whilst it was obliterated elsewhere. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Economy & Economics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Economy & Economics essays

  1. Compare and contrast the approaches to economic reform adopted in China and Russia

    Statistics now show that agriculture contributes for less than 35.8% of China's GNP15. 2. Land ownership: before the reform land was still collectively owned in China (today instead it has been decentralized to a household level)16 whereas in Russia it was nationalized during the communist period17.

  2. US Financial Crisis vs. Economic Crisis

    Since the total capital of the bank in the United States is approximately $ 1.5 billion, the losses of this magnitude would remove two-thirds of total capital in U.S. banks. This would certainly be a blow not only to banks but also United States economy as a whole (www.nytimes.com).

  1. World Economic Crisis

    A publically voiced flaw in this plan was that no incentive was given for those who receive the money to spend it on Australian made goods, essentially making the whole purpose of the stimulus package redundant. The Australian Council of Trade Unions (ACTU)

  2. Why did India launch a program of economic reforms in 1991? How successful these ...

    for services such as passenger traffic on railways, the postal system and university education. Central government also economised the overstaffing, which was estimated at 30% and expected to reduce expenditure. As far as the state government is concerned it took steps towards modernising sale tax system and downsizing overstaffing again

  1. To what extent can fascist economic policy in the years 1924-1939 be seen as ...

    De Stefani reduced taxes, regulations, and trade restrictions and allowed businesses to compete with one another. But his opposition to protectionism and business subsidies alienated some industrial leaders, and De Stefani. Mussolini soon consolidated his dictatorship in 1925, Italy entered a new phase.

  2. The sports shoe industry in China

    Workers don't have contract with employers, so there is no job security. Ironically, few of them know about that. There are some ridiculous examples of dismissals without cause, such as workers fired for being "too old" (i.e. over 25) or for becoming pregnant.

  1. Discuss the extent to which the economic theories in the Market's Reader can be ...

    For example, in 1950, 60% of the workforce worked in unskilled jobs. In 2000, only 15% of the workforce is employed in unskilled jobs. The percentage of technical jobs has remained steady at around 20%. The unskilled jobs have gone away in favor of skilled jobs .

  2. Discuss the extent to which the economic theories in the Market's Reader can be ...

    Networks of businesses and are able to cooperate globally and achieve business objective. Global networks are the foundation of the rise of globalization - also a major factor in the new economy. Global networks make accessing collective information about consumers worldwide possible while also enabling communications in real time.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work