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Commitment

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Introduction

Commitment refers to attachment and loyalty. Commitment is the relative strength of the individual's identification with, and involvement in, a particular organization. It consists of three factors: A strong desire to remain a member of the organization; a strong belief in and acceptance of, the values and goals of the organization; a readiness to exert considerable effort on behalf of the organization. Organizational commitment is the extent of an individual's commitment to an organization. There are three major types of organizational commitment: Affective Commitment: In this case, an individual strongly identifies with the goals of the organization and desires to remain a part of the organization. This is the ideal 'happy' state for an individual. Continuance Commitment: The individual remains with an organization because of a perceived loss of sunken costs. The individual believes that he/she has invested a great deal of effort/time and has to remain in the organization. Normative Commitment: The individual remains with an organization because he/she believes they should. Job satisfaction is the degree to which individuals like their jobs. Of the various factors in the model, job satisfaction is the one that has the largest effect on commitment. Therefore, apart from the factors that have been revealed, this factor should be increased to effectively improve an employee's commitment to an organisation. Distributive justice is defined as the degree to which rewards and punishments are related to performance inputs into the organization: pay and recognition commensurate with hard work, education, and experience. ...read more.

Middle

Motivation and commitment are specific to your situation and life and only you can form statements that will ensure you reach your goal the quickest. Commitment and challenge were past motivators. Community and compassion are the future motivators. What attracts people to join is not what causes them to remain. A persons feelings about the organization changes over time. Marriage may serve as an example. A young couple is drawn together by emotions such as love at first. But over time, they are held together by commitment. Early membership in a congregation involves more of a feeling experience. These feelings matures over years into thinking or commitment. Older members respond more to commitment and challenge appeals. Commitment is something that develops over time. Younger people respond more to community appeals about belonging to something and caring about some issue. Read the following five ways of motivation. Use the right method for the right group. Today, families are shattered by members in prison, drug abuse, violence and spiritual drifting. A sense of community and feeling of security is what people want. They are desperate to hear about belonging and caring. This will attract their involvement and lead them to commitment. Compassion: Sharing with others, caring about others, giving something, loving, serving. (younger age group) Community: Feeling that you have a place, belonging to something, family improvement, friends and sense of connection. ...read more.

Conclusion

How, then, does change or growth occur. One source, according to Piaget, is biological development. As we mature cognitively we will rework our thinking and organizations of knowledge (e.g., schemas, paradigms, explanations) to more accurately reflect our understanding of the world. One of those organizations involves our explanations or attributions of success or failure. After puberty, when biological change slows down considerably, it is very difficult to change these attributions. It requires a long-term program where constant feedback is given about how one's behavior is responsible for one's success. Notice the relationship between William James' formula for self-esteem (Self-esteem = Success / Pretensions) and the attribution and expectancy theories of motivation. If a person has an external attribution of success, self-concept is not likely to change as a result of success or failure because the person will attribute it to external factors. Likewise, if the person has an Internal/Ability explanation, his or her self-concept will be tied to learning to do a new activity quickly and easily (I do well because I'm naturally good at it). If failure or difficulty occurs, the person must quickly lower expectations in order to maintain self-esteem. However, if the person has a Internal/Effort explanation and high expectations for success, the person will persevere (i.e., stay motivated) in spite of temporary setbacks because one's self-esteem is not tied to immediate success. Understanding commitment is complex. The workers are motivated by many factors such as money, benefits(holidays, company car, health insurance), intrinsic job satisfaction, status and social contact. ...read more.

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