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Cotton Textiles In Preston

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Richard Coulthard Cotton Textiles In Preston Preston was ruled by the textile industry. I can tell this by the picture of Preston skyline. Factory chimdys and the odd church dominated the skyline. Overall I could see that there were roughly 22 - 24 factory chimdys. The picture was taken by penwortham hill in 1990. If I were to go there now I would see hardly any mills there now that are still working, most would be closed down or knocked down. The outskirts of Preston even had mills. Factories often were often put on the edge of a dock so that transport was made easier. As time went by fewer and fewer people worked in mills, dropping from 10 to 4 in 20 years. This chart tough doesn't show the years in between. Plus this only shows what men were doing and not women. Women mostly worked in the mills and not men. The number of mills dropped and so did the amount of workers. ...read more.


Most families were leaving because of a money shortage, so they were leaving to find work else were. Because of a shortage in people, mills didn't need as many. I can tell this from the amount of cotton produced. In 1950 there were 1,091,296 people it then dropped to 479,532 in 1962. Market share was lost; this meant England lost their own home market. While this was going on other countries were making new and better machines. Preston mills weren't big enough to produce enough cotton to compete with other companies in foreign countries. I can see that in 1927 the export dropped from 3,634 million linear meters to 875 million 1949 then to 146 million in 1978. One of the results in this decline is that I can see that mills had been knocked down over the years gone. The dates show from photos of Preston dated 1968 to 1992 and I can also see from Preston between the wars that it has been happening all 20th centaury for example 1962 Southgate mill and 1932 Broomfield mill. ...read more.


There was the import duties act of 1932, which improved an import duty of 10%. But this failed when people were let in for fees. The second act, the cotton industry act of1959, which aimed to reduce the capacity by at least 30%. But a tax was put on spindles so there would be more money going to the government but his made 200 businesses go bankrupt. The cotton-spinning act of 1948 gave subsidies to buy new machines. The progress was made but still companies were reluctant to adopt new machines. People were leaving Preston to find new jobs I can tell this by the amount of people that left Preston in 10 years 5902 people left Preston. People were now doing new jobs such as woodwork and chemical workers. In 1931 10% of male worked on textile mills. In 1951 4% of males worked in mills. That's a 6% decline. The council tried to think of new ways to use the mills such as mail order work hours. Most people turned to timber and furniture for there mills. I think Preston adapted well to these changes they found new ways to earn money and keep Preston alive. ...read more.

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