• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the validity of this statement, supporting your rational with research studies and case examples of contemporary successful or unsuccessful organisations that have either supported either fordistic values or other new structures.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"In their analysis of emerging organisational forms, organisational theorists have tended to use the fordist industrial model as the basis for comparison. new organisational forms are said to depart from the fordist reliance on a rigid division of labour and standardised job tasks because this form of organisation can no longer meet the demands of a rapidly changing economy and market" (Jaffee,2001:154) Discuss the validity of this statement, supporting your rational with research studies and case examples of contemporary successful or unsuccessful organisations that have either supported either fordistic values or other new structures. When people hear the name Henry Ford they immediately think of the man who invented the automobile, but his influence on the American work structure will last forever. Ford changed the approach to business and paved the way for today's entrepreneurs. Ford helped develop the infrastructure for automobiles, including roads and petrol stations. He also set a minimum wage for his workers, shortened the working day from 9 hour shifts to 8 hour and created a successful assembly line for motor vehicle mass production. Ford began industrial mass production in his factories, but his interest lay away from mass production, instead he based his recipe for success on mass consumption. ...read more.

Middle

Henry ford's ideal types of fordist production system included using fixed and dedicated machines in individuals work, rather than turning the employee into a machine. With Taylor trying to prove to the world that there was a science to management and that the quickest way was the best way, he attacked the incompetence of managers for their inefficiencies in running the railroads and factories. Using time and motion studies, Taylor achieved productivity increases of up to 200%. His thoughts were echoed by others: during a 1910 interstate commerce commission hearing Louis D Brandeis argued that US railroads could save a million dollars a day if they introduced scientific management into their operations. Taylor showed the world that the methodical and scientific study of work could lead to improved efficiency. He believed that by defining clear guidelines for workers many improvements could be made to the production of goods. One other theory to be compared with fordism is Marxism. Karl Marx was a German scholar who lived in the nineteenth century, who believed that he understood the reasons for unjust treatment in the world better than anyone else. He believed two classes were formed with regards to affluence. These classes were the people whom could afford to buy businesses and those who couldn't and were therefore employees rather than employers. ...read more.

Conclusion

However their recent decrease in profits may indicate that people no longer wish to speak to unskilled workers as sometimes poor quality service arises from the inability of staff to problem solve. Although ford aimed his theory at industrial type work rather than that in the tertiary sector, many of his ideas will be used in all types of business for years to come. The idea of increasing consumption rather than concentrating on increasing production showed a completely new way of going about profit maximisation and has helped companies to realise the importance of consumer satisfaction and value for money. The main difference between the market today and that of the time of Henry Ford is the lowering importance of class boundaries. In ford's day people were frightened too ask too many questions and accepted anything they were told by people of power, such as doctor's without any query. Now people prefer to understand the processes behind matters which concern them. This means that instead of dehumanising staff the opposite most occur. People need to be more down to earth in their approach to business and be willing to accept the fact that consumers want explanation, before handing over their hard earned cash. The` statement that ford's theories may no longer therefore be appropriate in today's market may in some respects be accepted, but the success of McDonalds in the last 50 years has proved that it is not wholly true. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE People in Business section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE People in Business essays

  1. 'Pizza Hut' case study.

    The Assistant Chef The assistant chef takes on the chef's responsibilities when they are away. They help with the ordering of products and the making of pizzas. They assist other chefs and may attend meetings if necessary. The Receptionist The receptionist greets customers when they first arrive.

  2. Produce a case study comparing two business organisations, investigating the extent to which each ...

    Hopefully they will be able to tell you that the matter has been resolved, if not they will continue to investigate and keep you informed of any progress. Marks & Spencer have a maximum of 8 weeks in which to complete their investigations.

  1. Ikea case study

    The evidences are thus; * Description by non-Swedish members of informal, open and caring culture; * encouragement co-workers at all levels such as taking initiatives; * considering that making mistakes is a necessary part of "learning by doing"; * encouragement to express their ideas; and * managers' responsibility why things are done.

  2. Analyzing Toys "R" Us Case.

    Users should not need to learn a new way of working with their software. 2. Technology should deliver only the relevant information users need from every available source. 3. The solution should take into account the mobility of employees so information can be gathered at any location.

  1. Report: Type of ownership of J-Sainsbury

    This involves a series of operations repeated one after another. This type of production is more efficient than job production as the work process is divided into its component operations. Each operation is completed for the whole batch of items being produced before the operation is carried out 15d.

  2. The 3M Company case study

    Fourthly , according to Gundling, E. (2000),3M still unofficially practices lifetime employment. It is possible to get fired, but normally only for a serious ethical breach, gross imcompetence , lack of motivation, or negligence. When the company decided to reduce their workforce , the only concern they face is how

  1. In 1989 Ford bought Jaguar for £2.5 billion as the vehicle to take Ford ...

    With the extra skills Ford bring this improves the quality of the cars and increases sales. With the increased skills and capital Jaguar has been able to expand and grow. Jaguar is a public limited company where shares in the company can be bought across the stock market.

  2. Discuss the Effects of McDonaldisation and Disneyfication on Organisational Life.

    Production line techniques are applied in restaurants to achieve the fast preparation of uniform quality products. With a limited menu and patented formulas, it is ensured that products remain the same where ever and when ever, similarly to Ford and his assembly lines producing for the masses.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work