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Does Management style matter?

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Introduction

Does Management style matter? There are approximately 4 main kinds of Management Styles. These are "AUTOCRATIC","DEMOCTRATIC", "PATERNALISTIC" and "Laissez-Faire Leadership". Autocratic management is more the old style. Leader makes all decisions independently and others are informed and carry out decisions. The manager/leader sets out objectives, allocates tasks and insists on obedience. Therefore the group becomes independent on him/her. Democratic Management should be divided into two parts. First-PERSUASIVE. The leader/manager makes his/her decions alone but tries to convince the labour that it is the right one, he "sells" it to the group. So the labour can understand why it is the correct thing to do. Second-CONSULTATIVE. The leader encourages participating in decision making with others. Democratic styles delegates responsibility and leave the work to junior staff. A Paternalistic Style is like a family. The leader is the father of the company. He cares about the staff, which represents the children. The manager wants the best for his staff and cares about social needs and security. There might be consultations but though the head of the family makes decisions, so it is more an autocratic management style. Laissez- Faire is a leadership where employees are encouraged to make their own decisions, within limits. ...read more.

Middle

First of all you must take a look at the environment. This can already indicate which style is appropriate. In essence, you have to look at the market. Is it fast growing or slowly? Even more important is the situation in the economy. Is there a recession? If there is a recession it is not appropriate to set up a democratic management style, because it is obvious that there has to be a strong leader who can lead his company through crises. He has to watch the market carefully, has to react quickly to any threatened crises and he needs to decide quickly. Worker are likely to panic when there is a crisis, so the leader must give out clear targets and has to say what exactly he wants the workforce to do in order to manage the crisis. There is no time to consult employees before making each decision. Employees often look for a strong leader to tell them what to do. The leader has to be a role model for the workforce, he must be competent and he must not show any sings of threat. However, if the situation does not require a strong leader who decides alone, the autocratic style can easily lead to dissatisfaction among the labour. ...read more.

Conclusion

There should be a certain degree. It all depends on the time-, task-, tradition-, type- and personality factors. These can be helpful to indicate the appropriate management style. A manager should be flexible and should change the degree between autocratic and democratic if necessary. Democratic Management style might sound better to the workforce, but it is hard for a great company to use this style because it is quite hard consult every one. However, if the company delegates the responsibility and empowers each branch, it can lead to a success. Bill Gates´┐Ż Microsoft has started with the order: "create brilliant software" Nowadays, almost everyone has Microsoft software. Autocratic style is more an emergency management style. It surely can lead to success, but I think only over the short term. Workers do not feel good in an autocratic regime, and there is only one-way, top-down communication, which makes feedback impossible. Other management styles like paternalistic style or laissez-faire are in essence autocratic and democratic in a certain degree. However they tend to be more autocratic. However Management Styles certainly do matter. I have to emphasise, that it is styles. Styles have to conform to the external and internal situation. It would be foolish if a company kept the same style even through crises and good times. ...read more.

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