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Economic Development in Brazil has been hindered by a variety of reasons. Discuss the problems (socio-economic) which have caused big problems in Brazil from the 1960s.

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Economic Development in Brazil has been hindered by a variety of reasons. Discuss the problems (socio-economic) which have caused big problems in Brazil from the 1960s. Brazil, despite being a large country with availability of many resources, has had many social and economic problems that have been argued to be the main contributors to the country's limited growth. The country has had a history of problems which have included high unemployment, high inflation and high infancy mortality due to a large percentage of the country, around 80% being in agriculture and without access to any essential goods and medical facilities. Brazil at the moment has been described as an LEDC because although it has 2 large cities, Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, the rest of the country's cities are small and relatively undeveloped, therefore there is a binary distribution. This means that a huge percentage if the country is reliant upon these two cities making them overcrowded with the influx of people who are looking for job opportunities. Fig 1.1 below shows this information about Brazils rank size rule in 1990: Fig 1.1 page 374 'Geography' by David Waugh printed 1995 RANK CITY POP (Thousands) ...read more.


It has been problems like these that have had a major effect upon Brazil's current economic status. It also affected the social environment - there was distrust of the community towards the government and there was a clear line between the rich and poor. It is rapid growth which has been a large factor in Brazil's history of problems as this has had individual impact upon housing, services, pollution, health, employment and infrastructure. Because of the increase in people entering the city it has put strain upon the government to meet the demand for housing. Estimates in 1991 showed that it's possible that 30% of the population of Rio de Janeiro, and 25% of Sao Paulo are living in shantytowns, or 'favelas'. This has been the result of the pull factors of a large city with its jobs and greater number of services, which has led to urbanisation. People are more likely to earn much more if they were to find a job in the city then if they relied upon their job in agriculture. Th first aim of a city is often to draw people into the city to create economic development. ...read more.


There is a lack of educational establishments, which is an important factor towards Brazil's economy as it is in need of skilled labour to benefit their society. Appropriate medical services are unreliable and therefore many people die due to lack of service or lack or money to pay for the service, and life expectancy is low. Life expectancy, child mortality and literacy rates are all factors that are used to gage whether a country is developed or not and Brazil suffers in many of these areas. Many factors have attributed to Brazil's economic problems and although there have been some rays of hope for the economy, for example the creation of Brazil's 'growth poles' as part of it's Second National Development Plan in 1975 which saw the investment of government subsidies to try and bring in multinationals and create more jobs, it has been the overwhelming poverty that has been a main contributor. Self-help schemes that have recently been introduced as well as mechanisation and advances in technology should perhaps in the future see Brazil into better economic times, but as it remains, Brazil has very large social and economic problems that must be top priority if the country is ever to recover. Christina Lind 13A ...read more.

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