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Economic Solutions to the Problems Facing Sudan

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Introduction

Economic Solutions to the Problems Facing Sudan Indicators of Development Sudan Netherlands HDI Rank 141 HDI Rank 10 GDP Per Capita $1,949 GDP Per Capita $31,789 GNP Per Capita $331 GNP Per Capita $26,900 HDI Value 0.516 HDI Value 0.947 Population Growth Rate 2.55% Population Growth Rate 0.30% Birth Rate (Births/1000 population) 34.53 Birth Rate (Births/1000 population) 10.9 Death Rate (Deaths/1000 population) 8.97 Death Rate (Deaths/1000 population) 8.68 Adult Literacy 60.90% Adult Literacy 99.00% Life Expectancy-Male 57.69 Life Expectancy-Male 76.39 -Female 60.21 -Female 81.67 Infant Mortality 63 Infant Mortality 4.96 Combined Gross Primary, Combined Gross Primary, Secondary and University 37% Secondary and University 98% Enrolment Enrolment Population (Estimate)- 41,236,378 Population (Estimate)- 16,491,461 Figures Courtesy of : Figures Courtesy of : http://hdr.undp.org/hdr2006/statistics/countries/data_sheets/cty_ds_SDN.html http://hdr.undp.org/hdr2006/statistics/countries/data_sheets/cty_ds_NLD.html https://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/su.html https://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/nl.html Sudan is a massive country, it is 2.376 million sq km, that is just more than one quarter of the size of the USA, making it in the top 10 biggest countries in the world. Sudan also has a massive population, as you can see above it is over twice the size of the Netherlands.' It has only been independent for 50 years last year, and has been in an almost constant civil war since 1955. ...read more.

Middle

The British people here may know that it was, in fact, 51 years ago just earlier this month. It had been a British Colony since 1898, and had used the country for little more than to take its natural resources and to maintain control over the Red Sea, a vital area for ships to go through to get to India from Britain. To get back on its feet after the reign of Britain took huge amounts of money, billions of dollars were used. As an effect Sudan now has a debt equalled only by its ex-colony sister countries. As a result of all Sudan's debt only 37% of its population have a full education, as opposed to the UK's 93%. Not even 70% of Sudan's adult population can read, as opposed to the UK's 99%. The GDP Per Capita is a mere $1,949, as opposed to the UK's estimated GDP Per Capita of $31,400, over 16 times the amount. However, every single one of the people sitting in front of me here, listening intently, has the power to abolish these debts, and with the debts abolished Sudan could do so much. ...read more.

Conclusion

So, the best place to start would be a public (free) education system; with an educated population you have the ability to manipulate them for many different job purposes (doctors for a better health system, engineers for drilling natural gas). As the percentage of the population having a full education rises, the best thing to do would be to reap the benefits. There are high reserves of natural gas in Sudan, and many new engineers on the market. The best way to go would be to use both resources and start making more money by exporting and using the natural gas drilled. With the new-founded profits the next step is to set up a proper health system, using the new doctors. I feel this solution affects, but benefits the whole population of Sudan. This is a long-term solution, as it would only come into affect after between 3-8 years, and would not really affect the country in the two years after the action had been taken. Measuring the Success The best way to measure the success would be to watch the indicators which really affect the solutions: Current Aim GDP Per Capita $1,949 $>20,000 Life Expectancy-Male 57.69 yrs >70 -Female 60.31 yrs >70 Adult Literacy Rate 60. ...read more.

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