• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

employment legislation

Extracts from this document...


Employment legislation Sales of goods act This act lays down the legal framework covering the buying and selling of goods. The act only applies to sales by a business to the public. It covers sales in shops and showrooms, and by market stalls, mail order and any kind of direct sales. The act does not cover private sales. Under the act: o Goods must be of 'merchantable quality', which means they should be fit for ordinary use: they must work and be free from faults. The merchantable quality partly depends on the price paid for the goods. More expensive goods are expected to be of a higher quality. There are two exceptions to the rule. Buyers cannot complain that goods are not of merchantable quality if: - the seller points out defects when the goods were bought; - the buyer has examined the goods before buying them and has been satisfied they were all right. o Goods are assumed to be 'fit for purpose'. That is, the goods will do what they are bought for, especially if the buyer has asked the seller for advice before buying the goods. o Goods must be 'as described'. That is they must be exactly as they are described in catalogues or other sales material, or by a salesperson. For example, a sweater described as '100% pure wool' must not contain any other fibre. ...read more.


What the lawyers call a 'general duty of care' is placed on everyone in a place of work. This means that everyone in a place of work, including visitors, is responsible for his or her own and other people's health and safety. Employers duties: o To provide a safe place to work, including safe machinery and safe working methods. For e.g. making sure there are no trailing wires and that entrances and exits are not obstructed. o To enforce safety regulations and safety standards. For e.g. must be guarded and workers made to use a machine only when it is guarded. o To provide safety training and adequate safety supervision. All accidents must be recorded and investigated and the cause put right. Employees duties: o To report any defects in machinery or equipment, or in working areas. o Not to interfere with anything provided for their own safety and that of others/ for e.g. machine guards can slow a worker down. Interfering with a guard is dangerous and may lead to an accident. o To protect themselves and others in their work area. For e.g. by wearing safety clothing and not leaving things around that might cause someone to bump into or fall over them. The Disability Discrimination Act: The employment provisions of the Disability Discrimination Act 1995 ("DDA") apply to employment at an establishment in Great Britain. ...read more.


The test is whether the person would have received the same treatment but for his or her sex or marital status. Sex discrimination can also be indirect. This would occur if a requirement or condition were imposed upon a woman or married person that also applies to a man or single person but has a detrimental effect on the woman or married person because she or he cannot comply with it. Sex discrimination can also take place when a person is discriminated against because they have had or intend to have a gender transformation. Race Relations Act: The Race Relations Act 1976 applies the principles of unlawfulness to discrimination and victimisation about a person's colour, race, nationality, ethnic origins or national origins. The Commission for Racial Equality was established as a result of the 1976 Act. Its role is to work towards the elimination of discrimination, to promote equality of opportunity and to keep under review the working of the Act. The Commission issued a code of practice on race relations that can be taken into account by Employment Tribunals. Racial discrimination can take place directly, indirectly or by way of victimisation. When a Tribunal or court decides whether discrimination has taken place, the position of the alleged victim will be compared with someone of similar ability and qualifications in similar circumstances. Direct discrimination is where on racial grounds a person is treated less favourably than other people would be. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Business, Companies and Organisation, Activity section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Business, Companies and Organisation, Activity essays

  1. Business Studies

    The environment employees work in > Influences on the culture of the business > Negotiation of working conditions regulated through employment relations legal frame work > Workplace relations Act 1996 - tried to shift emphasis form industry wide negotiations to ones directly involving employers and employees - OHS > Work

  2. Functional Areas Report

    The three 'p's * Price - any new ideas they have must be capable of being produced at a price consumers are prepared to pay. * Practicality - new ideas developed in a laboratory or at a designer's desk are one thing. Making them in large quantities is something else.

  1. Functional Areas

    They also look at competitors websites to see if there using any promotions and discovering different techniques that they use. Marketing and Sales have to ensure that McDonald's website reflects the image of the company and that the content is up to date.

  2. Importance of terms and conditions of employment

    This term include most workers to have statutory rights to four weeks paid holiday. If the employee worked more then 48 hours then they can take the employer to tribunal employment and then the employee will be given compensation and lose money.

  1. English for business

    customs clearance d. customs formalities e. customs officers f. customs tariffs g. customs union 1. agreement between several countries that goods can travel between them paying duty. 2. the government department that organize the collection of taxes or imports. 3. to pass through the area of an airport (port where customs officials examine goods).

  2. The Effects of Non-monetary Incentives on Employees

    f?r ?x?mpl? ? trip t? H?w?ii f?r which ?n ?mpl?y?? w?uld h?v? t? p?y $5,000. P?t?nti?l r?cipi?nt? might ?nly find th? trip t? b? ?? v?lu?bl? t? th?m ??, ??y, $3,500 in c??h; l??? th?n it? r?t?il c??h v?lu?. Thr?ugh ??m? ?rr?ng?m?nt, thi? ?w?rd might b? ?v?il?bl? t? th?

  1. How the Equality Act, Employment Act and Health and Safety at Work Act ...

    For example if Primark said they were looking for an retail sales assistant from 18-24 years old , they would be breaking the equality act . On the person specification a certain religion cannot be excluded for example if Primark said they was looking for a catholic employee .

  2. Analysis of the Major Sectors of Employment in Gloucestershire.

    What are the levels of unemployment, income and growth? The latest unemployment rate for Gloucestershire is 5.5% of the economically active 16+ population (South West 6.0%, England 7.6%). The unemployment rate for people aged 16 and over for the UK was 7.9 per cent for the period June to August 2012.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work