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Evaluate the suggestion that there is no ideal management style

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Introduction

Evaluate the suggestion that there is no ideal management style Management Style can be defined as the style adopted to control or lead a business efficiently for the attainment of objectives set by the business. Effective management style helps in maintaining the motivation of the employees and thus enhances productivity. In the essay I will examine the different management styles which are autocratic, democratic and laissez - faire and their effectiveness in various situations. An autocratic management style can be defined as a style where the leader takes all the decisions on his own and workers are told what to do and are closely controlled. The leader does not consult his subordinates or takes their opinion in consideration for decision -making. He dominates and controls the entire task. Thus, according to Feidlers Contigency Model, a manager who possesses these characteristics would be task oriented. The second factor of his model - situational favourableness would apply depending on the nature of tasks. ...read more.

Middle

Thus compared to autocratic, a democratic style encourages suggestions and discussion of problems. This helps the workers to share their ideas and opinions. This in turn aids in training the workers and to develop their skills. Thus, the democratic style connects to the team style of Blake and Moulton's Grid Model as it encourages teamwork and commitment among employees. It therefore proves a great motivating factor in business. A workers self-actualisation needs are satisfied as his achievements are recognized and he has a sense of involvement in the task or problem. Thus, it is intrinsically motivating as it shows that managers have a lot of confidence in their work force. In addition, democratic style can be seen as a blend of the consultative and participitative - group system of Likert's Management Systems, since it makes them feel a constructive part of the business. It is more appropriate to use democratic style with theory Y type of workers - who are skilled and capable and interested in shouldering responsibility. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also, when workers efficiency is improved in a people-oriented system. Laissez-faire largely caters to the satisfaction of the self-actualisation needs of the workforce. Also, it greatly aids job empowerment. Consequently, this style is more like the country-club style where the atmosphere is friendly and more concern for people. However, there are more chances for this style to start gaining the characteristics of impoverished style - manager is lazy and wants to lessen responsibility. This would be be effective when there are less risks involved and more time available. Nevertheless, it gradually leads to less innovative ideas and can cause demotivation if employees are unable to shoulder the responsibility. Hence, fro being efficient and productive Laissez-faire should be adopted for theory Y type of workers. To conclude, there is no ideal management style as it's success is determined by the situation and the business environment. Hence, a manager moust provide enough flexibility in his management style and be able to chage it depending on the circumstances. This would greatly enhance the motivation of employees and improve productivity. ...read more.

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