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History of Philips lighting.

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History of Philips Lighting It was the incandescent lamps demonstrated by Thomas Alva Edison in 1879 that fascinated Gerard Philips, just like many other people. It made Gerard Philips start to experiment with electric light. Financed by his father - Frederik Philips, who was a banker in the Dutch town Zaltbommel, near the river Waal - Gerard managed to set up the first Philips factory, now known as Philips, the multinational electronics company. In the first years of Philips Lighting, Gerard Philips was the man who took care of most of the jobs that had to be done. Next to the purchaser and salesman, Gerard did the developing, producing and acted as personnel officer. All these things were not enough to keep the business running. ...read more.


Gerard Philips started a scientific lab, which became the place of foundation of many new technologies. At this NatLab the development of X-ray tubes and radio tubes started: the basics for later divisions of Medical Systems and Consumers' Electronics. Because in the first world war the supply of gasses and glass for the light bulbs decreased, or stopped; Philips aimed its own supplying companies, and so, it also started the building of its own foreign production and selling organisations. This was the way in which, long before the second world war, a technological advanced and international operating commercial enterprise, which had, in 1939, 45.000 people in service, of which 19.000 were in Holland. Due to the, at that time, advanced internationalisation, Philips could get through the 2nd World War, with not much "damage". ...read more.


Also the technological developments in electronics started to develop very fast and they demanded much bigger investments for companies like Philips. Philips saw that it had to improve its efficiency and to make choices. Since 1980 the concern is in a constant struggle with its existance. Due to the heavy swing in the currency of the Dollar and the Yen, enormous achievements in the productivity of the Asian manufacturers and the "erosion of the prices" that depends on that, causes the effect of healing and reorganisation to be brought down to zero in a short time. Under the lead of President-Director Jan Timmers, Philips improved its productivity to 40% in the first half of the 1990s. That, in combination with the selling of certain parts of the company, was enough to survive and exist. But it was only surviving, and not more. ...read more.

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