• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12
  13. 13
    13
  14. 14
    14
  15. 15
    15
  16. 16
    16
  17. 17
    17
  18. 18
    18
  19. 19
    19
  20. 20
    20
  21. 21
    21

In an ideal world businesses should plan ahead when it comes to human resources. A well-organized business will have forecasts and projections of its future staffing needs. These

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Human resources means when a business has a forecast and a projection of its future staff needs. This means that the business can develop appropriate strategies for the recruitment, training and development of its staff. Within a small business, with perhaps one or two employees, responsibility for human resources will lie with the owner or with the partners while large organizations with many employees on the other hand, will have a whole section devoted to personnel. The social reformer Before Hr emerged as a specialist management activity there were those in the nineteenth century who tried to intervene in the industrial affairs of the severely under privilege factory worker. At this time they are not employed by the company but rather acted on behalf of fellow workers. The Human bureaucrats We now come to the stage where organizations were increasing in size. Specialization was emerging at management level as well as on the shop floor. This led to the growth of personnel work only involved with staffing, careful selection, training and placement it was believed that by selecting staff with particular skill of the job would ensure the business would run smoothly and staff would be happy. The Negotiator The industrial revolution led the masses of workers to rebel against their treatment and pay. Trade unions forced organization to negotiate for some of the rights of the individual. The government encouraged the appointment of personnel officers to deal with negotiator on behalf. Man power planning Recruitment and selection Training and development Motivation and performance management In an ideal world businesses should plan ahead when it comes to human resources. A well-organized business will have forecasts and projections of its future staffing needs. These will then be matched to forecasts and projections about the local labour market, which means that the business can develop appropriate strategies for the recruitment, training and development of its staff. ...read more.

Middle

* Attainment tests measure an individual's ability using skills they have already acquired. For example, a candidate for an administration post may take a word processing test. * Intelligence tests aim to give an indication of overall 'mental' ability. A variety of questions are asked in such tests covering numeracy and literately skills, as well as general knowledge. It is assumed that a person who scores highly will be able to retain new knowledge and to succeed at work. * Personality tests examine the traits of employees. The use of these depends on whether the business wants to use this method of selection and whether qualified personnel are available to carry out the tests. Such tests do have problems. It is dangerous to assume that there is a standard personality profile of the 'ideal employee'. Another problem is that they rely on an individual being honest. Candidates often try to pick out the answer that is wanted. Also some traits measured by the test will not be relevant in terms of job performance. Training and development Training is the process of instructing an individual about how to carry out tasks directly related to his or her current job it involves employees being taught new skills or improving skills they already have. However, training is not limited to the new employees of the business. Training courses are likely to be targeted at all employees in the restaurant at all stages of their career. Training is very important to a business because if the employees are not correctly trained then they will be inefficient and cause the business not to run smoothly and loose profit. If employees lack in training customers will recognize this and will feel that the business is not sufficient for their needs. Development involves helping an individual to realize his or her full potential. This concerns general growth, and is not related specifically to the employee's existing post. ...read more.

Conclusion

As far as their immediate physiological responses were concerned, the sound of the bell became equivalent to the presentation of the food. McGregor motivational theory Douglas McGregor published "The Human Side of Enterprise" in 1960, in which he suggested that traditional management methods (which he called Theory X) might not be the only way to get people motivated. Instead, you could take a different approach (based on Theory Y) and achieve the same if not more. Theory X is the traditional view of direction and control, based on these assumptions: * The average person inherently dislikes work and will avoid it if at all possible. * As a result, most people have to be coerced, controlled and threatened if they are to put in enough effort to achieve the organization's goals. * In fact the average person prefers to be directed, avoids responsibility, isn't ambitious and simply seeks security. Theory Y based on the integration of individual and organizational goals, assumes: * The physical and mental effort of work is as natural as play or rest, so the average person doesn't inherently dislike work. * We are capable of self-direction and self-control, so those factors don't necessarily have to come from elsewhere. * Our commitment to an objective is a function of the rewards for its achievement. * The average person learns not only to accept but also to seek responsibility. * Most people have a capacity for imagination, ingenuity and creativity. * The intellectual potential of most people is under-used in modern industrial life. Theory Y is not a soft option. In fact it can take as much management effort as Theory X, but the effects of a Theory Y approach will last longer. The Theory X manager is a dying breed (although it has to be said he's not yet extinct), and Theory Y lies behind most modern approaches to motivation. Nowadays the terminology is used as a polite way of referring to the old command-and-control approach to management: the trouble is the diehard Theory X manager won't pick up the subtle criticism! ?? ?? ?? ?? course ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE People in Business section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE People in Business essays

  1. Produce a case study comparing two business organisations, investigating the extent to which each ...

    Linked to continuous replenishment, product space is allocated to demand. A new automatic scheduling system in stores works out the optimum staffing levels required at checkouts, to match 12 million customers per week with 18,000 checkouts. First For Finance Tesco Personal Finance (TPF)

  2. Classify the business according to its ownership - McDonalds

    With the lower price, it will get more customers and so benefit from the even lower unit costs. This will make it more competitive and can easily increase market share. McDonald's has raised standard through out the food processing industry.

  1. The purpose of the coursework is to produce an analytical report on how a ...

    * Commission-based pay is often used when for sales staff and employees are paid a percentage of the value of the goods they sell. Commission-based pay motivates employees because their own performance and ability to sell the company's products determine the level of their salary.

  2. Human Resources Assignment - Sainsburys.

    The scheme offer a focused on-the-job training and technical courses and the trainee can choose between two areas. One of them is Product Development, this develops ideas for new products and works closely with suppliers and our own teams, for this the trainee will need a food-related degree such as Food Technology or Food Science.

  1. Training and Development.

    By creating a national framework for qualifications it has been possible to give far greater status to vocational and general vocational qualifications, which are now far more widely understood by employers and the public at large. * Modern Apprenticeships These were first launched in 1994.

  2. So how do Sainsburys plan? Sainsburys Human Resource department analyses the future of the ...

    The application form is the form in which a hopeful employee communicates with the employer, to receive an offer for an interview. A business can do this using the following documents: * The Application form is the form in which a hopeful employee communicates with the employer, to ask for an interview for a job.

  1. Report: Type of ownership of J-Sainsbury

    They will want the share value to increase. If the share value decreases then this will make the shareholder want to sell their shares, which will make J-Sainsbury's value go down. If J-Sainsbury's goes bankrupt then the investors will lose all the money they have invested. The original shareholder can lose the control of J-Sainsbury's if large quantities of shares are purchased as part of a "take-over" bid.

  2. Identify how two organisations plan recruitment using internal and external sources

    and the location/ Any other additional competitors who have already opened in the location Recruitment Decisions: When recruiting new positions they will go through the job analysis. The decisions to recruit nowadays are hard and are not taken lightly. Before an organisation actually recruits a new person to do the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work