• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Industrial-organizational psychologists

Extracts from this document...


Introduction: Industrial-organizational psychologists apply psychological principles and research methods to the workplace in the interest of improving productivity and the quality of work life. They also are involved in research on management and marketing problems. They conduct applicant screening, training and development, counseling, and organizational development and analysis. An industrial psychologist might work with management to reorganize the work setting to improve productivity or quality of life in the workplace. They frequently act as consultants, brought in by management in order to solve a particular problem. Industrial psychology is a branch of psychology that applies the principles of psychology to the work place. For example, principles of learning are use to develop training programs and incentives plans, principle of social psychology are use to form work groups and understand employee conflict, and principle of motivation and emotion are use to motivate and satisfy employees. The application of psychological is what best distinguishes industrial psychology from related fields typically taught in business colleges. Industrial psychologists consider the interview to be of less value than more suitable alternative such as psychological tests, weighted application blanks, and assessment center (Thayer 1988). Industrial psychology examines factor that affect the people in an organization as oppose to the broader aspects of running an organization such as marketing channel, transportation networks, and accounting (Feldman, 1986). Industrial psychology relies extensively on research, quantitative methods, and testing techniques. ...read more.


New employees with prior job experienced also benefit from training with respect to company policies and practices. Psychologists can make important contributions to the conduct of such programs. Problem concerning training methods, simulation of working condition, and teaching approaches have been of significant concern to psychologists for many years. Industrial training is by no means restricted to new employees. Management may have a number of problems for which a continual program of training for employees already on the job is the only feasible solution. Among these we may simply list as representative the problems of the job enlargement, development of potential supervisory personnel, maintenance and improvement of quality employees to take on new jobs created by an ever-expanding technocracy. Worker Efficiency: This part is concerned with a constellation of factors affecting the efficiency of employees on the jobs, and with certain criteria for appraising worker efficiency. The physical working environment presents a number of problems concerning such things as optimal ventilation, illumination, machine location, and so on. More recently, psychologists have contributed significantly to problems of machine design and the structure if man-machine systems. This activity is particularly critical whenever the complexity of the equipment is such that careless design would strain or exceed human capability. Consider, for example, some of the design problems in developing high-speed aircraft in which a five-second delay during which the pilot fumbles to find a particular lever , knob, button, or dial, may well represent a traveled distance of one mile. ...read more.


Every company is segmented, to some degree, in the management and worker subgroups. The needs and vested interest of these subgroups may, on occasion, be essential conflict erupting as a dispute. Industrial disharmony is always costly both to labor and management. The field of social psychology, in particular, has made noteworthy contributions to understanding the dynamics of such conflict. Consumer Behavior: A company survives consumer buys its product or services. Thus, all parties to the manufactures, distribution, and sale of products or services have vital interest ion predicting and controlling consumer behavior. One of the psychologist's unique contributions in this general area is his application rigorous scientific methods of inquiry to such diverse problems as the size of constituency of markets, the effectiveness of advertising campaigns, consumer reactions to product company manufacturing it, and the needs and motive underlying consumer behavior, to list a few. To the extent that there is psychology of consumer behavior, it has been significantly bolstered by activities of psychologist in the clinical and experimental areas. Motivation researchers to discover the "hidden" or unconscious resons underlying consumer behavior have used clinical tools. Advertising has capitalizes for years upon well-established findings from traditional laboratory-type space research in experimental psychology. More recently considerable attention has been made focused upon the possibility of subliminally presented advertising. Although psychologists have, to the present, devoted relatively little attention to studying the process of salesmanship, considerable research has been directed toward the problems of selecting and training salesmen. REFERENCE: "Industrial Organization", Laurence Siegel (Ph.D),1962 "Psychology and Industrial Productivity", Michael M. Graneberg. 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE People in Business section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE People in Business essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Sainsbury's organizational structure.

    5 star(s)

    news, letters, suggestion boxes etc) that makes it possible to get the feel of the concerns of other people involved in the decision making process, as well as to draw on their expertise. Sainsbury's management style From my interview with John Davies manager at the Oadby branch (Leicester)

  2. John Smithers at Sigtek - Organizational Behavior

    One way that Smithers could have increased participation was by conferencing with these managers for a day, perhaps even in the form of a retreat, to identify areas where they felt that quality initiatives could benefit Sigtek (e.g. suppliers, manufacturing, customer service, etc.)

  1. CAPE Industrial Services - case study

    In order to understand more of these various service management typologies, an actual business organisation that focuses on providing services will be observed and analysed. In the discussion, the design and strategies of the selected company in the Oil Industry service sector will be taken into account.

  2. Human Relations and Organizational Behavior.

    Communication about the changes is key for implementation. Significance Mergers and acquisitions represent an opportunity for re-focusing business strategies and strengthening the competitive position of the companies involved. However, these transactions are not without risks and a balanced approach needs to be taken to ensure realize the benefits envisioned.

  1. Appex Corporation - Organizational Behavior & Design.

    As argued by Foss, these problems can be seen as a direct result of creating a market environment within the organization. Appex's problems with communication and coordination would seem to be exacerbated by adopting a spaghetti structure. Finally, it is important to note the background and historical differences between Appex and Oticon.

  2. Understanding evolutionary psychology in an organization.

    Helps us understand how others are different from us, despite similar experiences and situations. The right personality for the job is always a combination of job fit and job attitude that varies with job type and organizational culture. Personality questionnaires help managers to compare individuals on the same criteria and distinguish between them in terms of good and bad.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work