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Information Technology and its effects in Working practices.

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Introduction

Information Technology and its effects in Working practices Teleworking Introduction Information Technology has a great effect on society today, changing lives of many people in school, home and at work. I will be looking at how information technology has had a great effect in working practices. Technology has changed the lives of both employees and employers bringing both advantages and disadvantages. The topic, which I will be looking at, is teleworking and what are its advantages and disadvantages to both the employee and the employer. Teleworking Teleworking, sometimes called telecommuting, means working from home using modern technology to keep in touch with your business. Often teleworkers are based at home but they can also work from telecenters and satellite offices. Heathcote (1998) says Teleworking involves carrying out work away from the office and communicating with the employer through the use of computer and telecommunications equipment. Jobs can be relocated to places where it is more attractive, more convenient or cheaper to live. At present, teleworking is most advanced in the U.S. with only 3% of European employees engaged in teleworking along with an estimated 20 million worldwide. Predictions are that by the year 2006, the number could increase. Teleworking is facilitated by the recent rapid advances in the power of enabling technologies coupled with a significant reduction in their prices. ...read more.

Middle

This can also mean better work opportunities for people who cannot work during normal office hours. * Work In Teams. People in different graphical locations can work together in team and can ask one another any problems that they are having. * Better Working Environment. Many employees find that working from the comfort of there enables them to work better as the relaxed and less stressed than working in a busy noisy environment of an office. Disadvantages For An Employee * Employees Feel Unsocial. Many employees who work at home feel unsocial as they stay at home and do not get to meet new people or socialise with friends. * Can Be A Cause Of Tension In the Home. Some people find that working at home causes tension as they are unable to talk to family members as they are busy with there work this makes family members feel cut out. * Unable To Work. Some employees feel that they cannot separate family time with work time. They find difficult to work in an atmosphere where there are children and noise. * No Enthusiasm. Some employees may find that since their manager or employee is not there they are not enthusiastic to work and can become lazy. Also employees feel less urged to work when there are no opportunities of promotion or bonuses. ...read more.

Conclusion

I then converted these figures in form of a chart. General Statistics These statistics were also received from http: 3: - In 1993 there were only 130,000 people teleworking, or half a percent of the workforce. A year later this figure jumped to 560,000. Teleworking statistics were first introduced in the Labour Force Survey in 1997 and have grown by an average of 13 percent a year. Over the period 1997 to 2001, the total increase in teleworking is up by between 65 and 70 percent, with further growth predicted. The majority of teleworkers are men (67 percent), while they make up only 53 percent of the workforce. Teleworkers are predominately from the following industry groups: professional; managerial and senior officials; and associate professional and technical. Although the self-employed are strongly represented among teleworkers, their share is decreasing. International comparisons show that teleworking in the UK is just above the average for ten EU countries covered by a recent survey. Germany and France have the smallest proportion of employed people working as teleworkers, while Finland has the highest proportion. Around three quarters of teleworkers work in the private sector. Most teleworkers are in occupational groups. Conclusion Looking ahead, new technologies are expected to make it even easier to work remotely and will increase the number of occupations and industries, which are able to offer teleworking opportunities. These technologies include broadband Internet connections, which are becoming more and more popular and affordable, and multimedia mobile phones with improved Internet access. ...read more.

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