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Key questions on coffee production - fair trade, unions and co-operatives.

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Introduction

Key questions on coffee production 1. What is the global change of coffee production? Well, in the past, the price of coffee used to be regulated (like the oil industry, which undergoes global regulation), however this does not happen now, and the main issue is that the price of coffee can increase or decrease. The global change which is proposed is: 'Sustainable coffee production and human justice.' Compared to the oil industry, coffee is considered the 'poor cousin', and although there is much less money involved, the number of individuals involved is much greater. 2. What is a co-operative? A co-operative is jointly owned and democratically controlledDemocratic Control Co-operatives are controlled by members who actively participate in setting their policies and making decisions. ...read more.

Middle

A trade union is a membership-based organisation, and its membership must be made up mainly of workers. One of a trade union's main aims is to protect and advance the interests of its members in the workplace. Trade unions try to develop close working relationships with employers. 4. What are the benefits of a trade union? Trade unions can provide many benefits for their members. Some workers join a trade union because they believe that a trade union can: * Negotiate better pay. * Negotiate better working conditions, such as more holidays or improved health and safety. * Provide training for new skills. ...read more.

Conclusion

How does fair trade help farmers in developing countries? Farmers growing products such as tea, coffee and chocolate must pay for fertilisers, pesticides etc. which are generally imported from developed countries. However the price they get for their crops has not increased as much as the price they pay for these imports. The market price for their products sometimes drops below the cost of producing them. As a result many farmers are working harder but getting less money than before. Fair trade tries to help by buying products directly from the farmer at a better price than the farmer would otherwise get. This has helped many small farmers trade their way out of poverty and improve their standards of living. Sources used: http://www.pavilion.co.uk/dwakefield/curriculum/ks4/letts/fairtrade.htm http://www2.gtz.de/dokumente/bib/06-1059.pdf http://www.globalchange.com/futurecoffee.htm http://www.cooperatives-uk.coop/what http://www.direct.gov.uk/en/Employment/TradeUnions/Tradeunionmembership/DG_10027544 ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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