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Management of Hurricanes in the USA.

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Introduction

Management of Hurricanes in the USA What does FEMA stand for? The Federal Emergency Management Agency is an independent agency of the federal government, reporting to the President. What is its mission? " to reduce loss of life and property and protect our nation's critical infrastructure from all types of hazards through a comprehensive, risk-based, emergency management program of mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery." When was it created? It was created in 1979 but it can trace its beginnings to 1803, when the first disaster legislation was passed, to provide assistance to a New Hamphire town following an extensive fire. FEMA was formed by executive order from the many separate disaster-related functions and agencies that had existed previously. The new agency developed an all-hazards approach that treated civil defense and natural hazards preparedness as similar emergencies. Since its creation, FEMA has responded to hundreds of disasters in all 50 states, Puerto Rico, Guam, the Pacific Island Trust Territories and the U.S. ...read more.

Middle

Equipment, supplies and people are pre-positioned in areas likely to be affected. In other situations, when disasters such as tornadoes or earthquakes occur without warning, FEMA must respond immediately with staff and supplies, and must assess if other federal agencies are needed as well. FEMA does not respond to every disaster that occurs in the U.S. FEMA responds when a disaster overwhelms a state's resources and is requested by a state governor. Federal disaster declarations are made by the President, and allow the federal government to pay for disaster recovery. Disaster assistance comes from a special fund set up by Congress under the Stafford Act. Disaster Aid Programs Individual Assistance: This aid goes to residents for damage to homes and businesses or personal property losses. Residents affected by a federally declared disaster may be eligible for rental assistance, temporary housing, grants to make repairs to disaster-damaged homes, crisis counseling, legal aid and disaster-related unemployment assistance. The U.S. Small Business Administration also provides low disaster loans to help those affected by disaster losses. ...read more.

Conclusion

New technologies and better planning and mapping make it easier for community officials to look ahead and safeguard their residents. One important mitigation project doesn't save property, but does save lives. Tornado safe rooms - special, reinforced interior rooms - can withstand strong winds that leave the rest of the house in splinters. Even relatively small mitigation projects can mean a huge difference to homeowners and businesses. For example, hurricane shutters and hurricane straps can help a house withstand high winds, strapping a water heater to the wall can prevent a house fire during an earthquake and elevating utilities above a floodplain can prevent unnecessary damage from high water. FEMA uses a percentage of disaster assistance money to fund hazard mitigation projects in communities devastated by disasters. Local and state officials and residents develop the mitigation projects they believe will prevent future disaster losses. What does FEMA suggest you do before, during and after a hurricane? Before Hurricane Season starts What other hazards does FEMA cover? National Hurricane centre - specific details US weather research programme Sarah Lee Physical Geography - Mrs. Tuckey 10th March '04 ...read more.

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