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Management styles.

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Introduction

Management styles There are three main types of management styles. These are autocratic, consultative and democratic. Autocratic The autocratic management style is one where the manager is used to give instructions. They tell people what to do instead of asking for their opinion on the matter in hand. The manager is the only person contributing to the decision making process in the business. Consultative The consultative management style is where managers consult other people before making a decision. This management style is the opposite to autocratic. This type of management style wants to collect more sources of information and opinions before any final decision is made. To do this successfully the business will have good communication channels so that the employees are able to give their opinions easily. The consultative manager will have to have listening skills and also the ability to create the right sorts of channels to consult other people. Things such as newsletters team briefings or suggestion boxes could be introduced to gather employee's ideas and opinions. Democratic The democratic management style involves empowerment. Individual employees and teams are given the responsibility to make their own decisions. The individuals or team is then held responsible for the decisions that it chooses to make. ...read more.

Middle

Organisational databases are useful; it is a store of facts that can be called upon to provide information. Formal and informal Formal communications takes place through the recognised channels for examples letters. Informal communication takes place in a part of the officially recognised networks of the organisation. Upwards and downwards Much of the communication in old fashioned, traditional industries was carried out in downward direction. Managers created the system the rules and the work programs and communicated these down the lines to junior employees. However, in recent years there has been more of an emphasis on upward communication. Open or restricted Open communication would involve putting a memo on a notice board, no confidential information. Restricted communication takes places behind closed doors where only certain people are allowed. Communication Channels within Sainsburys Every business will use these forms of communication everyday. But a company as large as sainsburys will use all of these types of communication 100's of times a week. With so many colleges it would be impossible to speak one to one with everyone so sainsbury use other forms of communicating. One of Sainsburys forms of communication is a newsletter. I have included a sample newsletter from sainsburys on the next page. It is from May 2002, it is from the checkout manager. ...read more.

Conclusion

computers automatically order more. This has huge advantages like it saves time and money. Problems could arise if items are not scanned through the checkouts properly. ICT is also used when advertising, recipes and current promotions are put on the sainsburys web site. This is cheaper than advertising on the television, although sainsbury could not rely on this alone. In recent years sainsburys have introduced home shopping whereby customers can order their shopping from the comfort of their own home. By logging into sainsburys web site customers can order their shopping and have it delivered to their home. The site greets customers by name and has the facility for customers to create and save shopping lists. While on this site customers can also check how many nectar point they have and look to see what they can be spent on. With a more powerful hardware package the service has cut the time spent ordering in half. The rebanding also included the introduction of new look delivery vans and staff uniforms. ICT has made it a lot of jobs easier and quicker for sainsburys. Groceries are all scanned electronically, weekly rotas are constructed by computers, holidays are allocated by computer, profits for each day are kept on file and employees clock in and out electronically. As you can see sainsbury rely on ICT hugely to operate. ...read more.

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