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Motivation is important for a high productivity level. Discuss

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Introduction

Motivation Motivation is a key factor when managing any business. Motivation is important for a high productivity level. Productivity measures the relationship between the inputs into the business and the resulting output: There are several ways of measuring productivity: * Output per worker * Output per hour / day / week * Output per machine (if the business includes machinery). Unit costs divide the total costs by the number of units produced Unit costs = Total Costs / Units of output Stock levels A business will usually set itself a level of finished goods that it should receive. This is designed to satisfy the demand expected by the marketing department plans and based on what the production department thinks they can produce. If the output levels falls below this then the productive efficiency has fallen not meeting the requirements set by the company. Maslow created his hierarchy of needs Many people are motivated in many different ways some want more money, some workers just want to meet new friends. This is why Maslow created his hierarchy of needs: Self-Fulfilment; Succeeding to your full potential Self-Esteem; Having recognition from achievement - e.g. discovering new ideas and receiving a bonus. Social Needs; Friendship, a sense of belonging to a team Safety Needs; Protection against danger, job security, protection from poverty and fair treatment. Physiological Needs; Food, rest, recreation and shelter. A hierarchy means that those things at the top are more important than those at the bottom. At whatever age people start work, they will be motivated by physiological or basic needs. They will want to earn enough money for food and recreation and perhaps for shelter if they have left home. The employee will want safety in their job, a pleasant environment (safety needs). As they move through their working lives these aspects may become less motivating. They will want to feel a part of the organisation they work for and to develop friendships (social needs). ...read more.

Middle

But from job enrichment managers must not set a task which is too hard if they do then the workers will not posses the correct skills and expensive mistakes will be made. Job enlargement means giving workers more but different tasks to do on the same task. This will reduce repetition in a persons work; evidently this will increase a workers sense of achievement. Job rotation means having a wider variety of tasks, even rotating jobs with other members but not increasing the challenge of the job. Team working is where employees work in groups. This will build up sense teamwork and the worker will feel that they play an important part in the business. There are different types of team; includes production teams (known as cells), quality circles and management teams. It can create flexibility of production, as employees are likely to be multi-skilled. Empowerment is when power is given to authority so employees can make their own decisions regarding their working life. Employees are encouraged to consider problems they face and come up with solutions. But for empowerment to be successful workers must have adequate training and/or good skill levels in order to be trusted. If not they may create expensive problems which the company must pay for. Training Training is an important for an individual to acquire job-related skills and knowledge. The company losses money and workers from training but it is also very beneficial, the employee gains a lot from the training. The main benefits are improved productivity and more motivated and more skilled staff. Why should a business train its staff, here are some points why: * To introduce new employees to the company. * Provide employees with better knowledge about the business and its market. * The workers are more skilled * It supports the introduction of new working methods, such as new production techniques. * Improved product quality * Increase workers loyalty to the company. Induction training enables a new recruit to become as productive as possible. ...read more.

Conclusion

Management said they motivate their staff in different ways: * Bonus related pay * Appreciation * Acknowledgment of goals achieved * Planning career map (management giving reference to other interested companies, in the employee) * Communication-listening to staff * More days off with pay Management was asked how they motivate their staff. They said by setting people goals, a chance for staff to prove themselves. They also said reinforcing the importance of getting the job done. Motivation is a fact of whether the individual wants to work or not. Conclusion The point is different employees are motivated in different ways. The company seems to be motivating its staff well, but there are numerous changes which the company need to make for a more successful business they are given free training days when I asked 'what motivates employees to work hard' the answer was bonus related pay the company seems to motivating its employees well considering bonus related pay. The most worrying question I asked was 'is treated fairly' the answer most of the time, but also the answer not at all was a very substantial answer. The company need to sort this affair out of not all employees being treated fairly otherwise they will be de-motivated. As Maslow said in his hierarchy of needs everyone must work in a team (social-needs). The company also was asked 'the facilities at your workplace are', poor was the answer given the most, as Herzberg says hygiene factors are very important to an employee because it can de-motivated them, an improvement would be to allow employees to list what they do not like about the facilities in their workplace and the managers can take this into consideration. Employees are given days off with pay which is important, free training days can encourage employees to work for a promotion in the company therefore they will work harder. The company must know their employees, find out problems. An increase in motivation is an increase in productivity which you need for a high productivity level resulting in a high output and a high input. 7 1 ...read more.

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