• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Motivation theories - Maslow and Hertzberg

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Maslow and his motivational theory Maslow was a psychologist who designed a hierarchy of needs which includes the five levels of needs. The hierarchy of needs starts at the bottom to top. First level is the physiological need. This is about keeping people's alive. The business directors and managers should pay enough salary for workers to pay for foods and drinks, etc The second need is called safety and security need which is about ensuring security, stability and predictability for workers. The third level is the social need which is about a working place for workers giving and receiving love, friendship and intimate relationship. ...read more.

Middle

Providing promotions and rewards may lead to higher development at workers. There are some disadvantages: Each individual worker has different motivation factors, thus, some levels of the hierarchy might not exist for some workers. The managers might find it hard to identify which level is each individual worker at. People might find it not necessary to satisfy their needs. Hertzberg motivational theory: Hertzberg is psychologist and his research is about improving workers' motivation by improving the nature and content of the actual job. Then, he came up with the motivation-hygiene theory which includes motivators and hygiene; the two factors affect workers' motivations. ...read more.

Conclusion

As the managers know how to improve these factors, their workers might work better when they feel comfortable with their job. There are delegations so that workers might feel empowered. Moreover, this theory also helps to provide a friendly working place. The disadvantages of this theory: Giving a lot of delegations causes two bad affects to workers. The employees are abuse to have to work too hard that exceeds their ability. The other is that workers might think receiving promotions and rewards is too easy, thus they won't bother to pay attention to their job anymore and become being lazy. It will cost the business a lot to pay for changes such as raising salary and improving work conditions. ?? ?? ?? ?? 08/10/07 Linh ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE People in Business section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE People in Business essays

  1. Content and process theories of motivation

    as the unwritten codes of conduct or expectations that individuals feel their organisations or employers should meet, these are hard to meet fully but there has to be a balance a little give and take so as to satisfy both needs of the employee and the organisation.

  2. manging theories and globalization

    There are so many other principles that a manager must consider before resorting back to Fayol's fourteen principles. For instance internal, external, and specific circumstances these days shape the way a manager manages his or her firm. Some of these issues that need to be taken into consideration relate to

  1. Self-Efficacy Theory Explanation for the Managementof Remote Workers in Virtual Organizations

    is consistent with prior research (Freedman, 1993; Handy, 1995; Illingworth, 1994; Lucas & Baroudi, 1994; Mowshowitz, 1994; Staples, 1996). Specifically, this suggests that the ability to use IT is an important precursor to an individual's ability to perform effectively in a remote management environment.

  2. Discuss the relationship between empowerment and self-actualisation and comment up their relevance to motivation ...

    And at the end a comparison between the different concept of empowerment and self-actualisation will be made. Frederick Taylor (1856-1915) -the father of scientific management- developed a Model to organise work, which is using a tight system of control to achieve high performance of the employees.

  1. Describing the Main Theories of Motivation

    George Mayo comes to understand that work in general is should be a group activity as a whole. An adult's social and business world is primarily governed and revolves around work activity. Mayo believes more in psychological success as an individual and therefore as a group, more than personal physical conditions.

  2. Improving Motivation and Job Satisfaction at the Laredo Federal Credit Union

    Through secondary research, using the American Business Index, this thorough report will provide crucial information about motivating employees. The goals of this report are to (1) Determine the current level of motivation and job satisfaction at the LFCU (2) Explain why employees become unmotivated, (3)

  1. Work Motivation.

    Motivation for employees during any mergers can best be described, as there are many highs and many lows. The two approaches for motivation are Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs theory and David McClelland's theory of needs. Maslow suggests that within every human being is a hierarchy of five needs.

  2. A Study of Motivation Theories.

    Study and analysis of motivation theories: Motivation theories are like wine; they get better with age. The maximisation of an employee's motivation is necessary to achieve an organisation's objectives successfully. The challenge to an organisation's leaders and managers to motivate is extremely complex.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work