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New Imperialism Essay.

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Introduction

Tim Flynn Honors World History New Imperialism Essay "The path of progress is strewn with the wrecks of nations; traces are every where to be seen of the (slaughtered remains) of inferior races. Yet these dead people are, in very truth, the stepping stones on which mankind has arisen to the higher intellectual and deeper emotional life of today" The above quote made by a British professor in 1900 presents a view of imperialism as being highly influenced by the ideas of racism and Social Darwinism. Moreover it suggests that the discrimination held in such ideologies has been rightfully warranted in the progression of a European imperialist mindset. It can be seen however, that through Britain's establishment of direct rule in India, the destruction of cottage industries in Imperialist colonies and the little done for economic development of Imperialist colonies themselves, that the ideas of racism and Social Darwinism were only sub-motivators to a main economic motivation in the development of the New Imperialism. ...read more.

Middle

In describing his situation, Orwell states "A white man mustn't be frightened in front of "natives"; and so, in general, he isn't frightened." The idea that the superior whites must not be afraid of their lower class savage counterparts is only minimally influential in the New Imperialism in comparison to the various economic motives. Though Social Darwinism and racism were present in Imperialist controlled nations, they only existed because of the major economic undertakings made by the colonial powers. This is best seen in the British decision to abolish the various cottage industries of Africa and India. In India, the destruction of the cottage industries promoted the buying of modern western goods, to the great benefit of Britain with immense profits. In Africa, the abolishment of cottage industries resulted in a shift toward urbanization and an African sentiment to purchase finished European goods. This arrangement was more concerned with trade rather than the controlled atmosphere within India gain British profit resulted from the use of Imperialist colonies as markets and the taxing of the natives who lived in these colonies. ...read more.

Conclusion

It was only after this that a duel prejudice resulted between the British and Indians. The British of course saw clear their vision as superior beings in their discrimination, while the Indians held much contempt for the British for their dominance and responsibility over the stagnant Indian economy. This type of sentiment was typical however as seen again within Orwell's Shooting an Elephant. Orwell in reference to anti-Indian outlooks when he says "Feelings like these are normal by-products of imperialism." It is the out right statement that such racist views were justifications or "by-products" of Imperialism that display it as a sub-motivator or in this case result of the New Imperialism influenced by financial means. Although the ideas of Social Darwinism and racism played great roles in the New Imperialism, they were by no means an important and primary motivator in it. The actions of direct rule in India, the abolition of cottage industries in colonies and the placement of limitations on colonies economies, make evident that the importance of Social Darwinism and racism in the motivation of the New Imperialism was negligible in comparison the vast economic motivations that truly supported it. ...read more.

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