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Organizations must follow four basic functions of management. The four functions of management; planning, organizing, leading, and controlling are the fundamental tools essential for management to utilized

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Four Functions of Management Chase Dodson University of Phoenix Management: Theory, Practice, Application MGT / 330 Mr. Cornell McGee December 12, 2005 Four Functions of Management The American Heritage Dictionary defines management as the act, manner or practice of managing, supervising, or controlling. In addition, management is the process of working with people and resources to accomplish organizational goals (Bateman et al, 2004). Managers are the individuals who plan, organize, lead, and control the activities of the organization so that its goals can be achieved. In order for organizations to become or continue to be successful in achieving their goals, management within the organizations must follow four basic functions of management. The four functions of management; planning, organizing, leading, and controlling are the fundamental tools essential for management to utilized for the success of every small or large organization. Planning produces fundamental decisions and actions that shape and guide what an organization is, what it does, and why it does it (Supervision - Management Moderns, 1998). ...read more.


Organizing is assembling and coordinating the human, financial, physical, informational, and other resources needed to achieve goals (Bateman et al, 2004). Today the roles of management are changing. Organizing activities include roles and responsibilities from the employee. The unique characteristics of employees are important in the organization process because employees may possess qualities that are best suited to the operations of the organization. Managers have adapted to these ideas to implement organizational roles and responsibilities to employees to capitalize on the advantages of having team dynamics. The roles and responsibilities in organizing activities include attracting people to the organization, specifying group responsibilities, grouping jobs into work units, marshaling and allocating, and creating conditions so that people and things work together to achieve maximum success (Bateman et al, 2004). At DSW Shoes, it is the responsibility of the managers to organize specific tasks amongst the team. ...read more.


Controlling is directly related to planning. The controlling process ensures that plans are being implemented properly. In the functions of management cycle - planning, organizing, directing, and controlling - planning moves forward into all the other functions, and controlling reaches back. Controlling is the final link in the functional chain of management activities and brings the functions of management cycle full circle (Supervision - Management Moderns, 1998). In accordance with Ervin, there are four steps in the control process: establishing performance standards, measuring actual performance, comparing measured performance against established standards, and taking corrective action. In conclusion, managers utilize a variety of conceptual, human, and technical skills to efficiently and effectively attain organizational goals. They engage in the four primary functions of management: planning, organizing, leading, and controlling. Managers create the conditions for their organizations to succeed, and they train and develop successors so the organization will continue to thrive even after their departure. ...read more.

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