• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Over the years a number of management theories have been put forward in an attempt to explain the nature of motivation and suggest ways in which it may be improved.

Extracts from this document...


Motivation It may seem obvious that staff should be motivated; however, from the point of human resources management this is only true if motivation leads to improvements in the work. Over the years a number of management theories have been put forward in an attempt to explain the nature of motivation and suggest ways in which it may be improved. Frederick Taylor's principles of scientific management Taylor's belief was that complex tasks should be broken into separate operations so that little could go wrong. Each operation would be performed by a separate employee. The whole job could then be completed in a series of stages by a number of employees working together. This theory can be seen if one aspect of Tesco is looked in to detail. For example, when a delivery comes one employee doesn't unload the truck, check them off, and put them on the shelves. ...read more.


In practice Maslow accepted that a variety of needs will exist at the same time, but suggested that once lower needs are satisfied then higher needs become the strongest motivators. Maslows theory has the same basis of Fredrick Herzbergs's two factor theory because they both argue that what satisfies a person is the hygiene factors and the Motivators. Fredrick just says that a combination of these two factors leads to better performance where are Maslow goes further to say that they come in a set order where once basic needs are satisfied, higher, more complicated desires will be sought. Both Maslow and Fredrick speak of the same requirements in their theory. Evidence of both these theories can be seen in the day to day running of one of the Tesco stores. One such examples is the promotion of senior managers to managerial positions. In this instance the desire of the employee in question has been fulfilled and soon their desire will advance and they may start looking for further responsibility. ...read more.


McGregor's theories are similar to Muslow's and Fredrick Herzberg's. They are all closely related because they all base their theories on the same principle of desire. All their theories show that if a person desires for something and the condition is right then they will work towards it with all their effort. For example, if their s a managerial position and they have the ability to grasp that position then they will, but only if they have the desire to take such responsibility. If however, the conditions are right but the desire is absent then they may not try for such a position or may be promoted with no desire which could lead to chaos. On the other hand, if there is an employee with the desire and no opening is in sight then he/she may decide that the best option for them is to move to another company. Therefore, Tesco endeavours to provide eager, hardworking employees the benefits and promotions they rightly deserve. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE People in Business section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE People in Business essays

  1. Content and process theories of motivation

    These are described in Mullins (2005) as theories as concerned with identifying people's needs and their relative strength, and the goals they purse in order to satisfy those needs people's needs. These content theories of motivation are need-based theories. A need is an individual's desire. Knowledge of the theories is not enough we also have to

  2. What is the purpose of management theory? Explain how knowledge to understanding of management ...

    However, unions resisted his improvements, and most workers persisted in using the old, fatiguing methods. The Gilbreths believed that there was one best way to perform an operation. However, this "one best way" could be replaced when a better way was discovered.

  1. Shareholders - Tesco

    If Suppliers refuse the price that has been offered that means that Tesco will have to sacrifice more money to buy it, and depending on the quantity this could lead to a loss. The suppliers also want Tesco to do well as if they don't then Tesco will be lost

  2. Employee Motivation in Business Organizations: Theory and Practice at Tesco and Walmar

    Therefore, it is important that performance standards are clearly and fairly formulated, transparently communicated and effectively linked to the organizational success and strategy. Focus should be equally placed on how things are done, as well as on the final results.

  1. How Does Motivation Theory Explain The Reality Of Employee Motivation At Morton's Of Horncastle ...

    The process is relatively costly at �1500, however the utilization of people, products and technology is so highly worthwhile that Morton's feel the benefits outweigh the costs. Morton's uses 'Adam's Equity Theory'3 as a motivational philosophy for job satisfaction. This focuses on all aspects of employee needs, ranging from the basic salary through to reputation and achievement.

  2. Total Quality Management

    Teams. Teams are to be used for problem solving. Teams have a number of advantages over individuals. A properly constituted team has a much richer mix of skills to bring to bear on a problem. Most work processes cut across functional boundaries, so a cooperative effort is required to solve process problems.

  1. Business Management Theories.

    The classical theory is characterised by a pyramid or hierarchal structure, and in the case of Sparks this has resulted in a small span of control and a rigid chain of command. This has resulted in middle management that has obscured and lengthened the connection between the customer and the senior decision makers.

  2. 4. Examine the nature of key management skills

    For example if a new system of ordering stock for customer orders is put in place in Boots then employees may have to seek clarification as to how to use the new system because they may not have understood the original instructions. Summarising - summarising is essential in any business.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work