GCSE: People in Business

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What happens during the recruitment process?

  1. 1 Once a business is aware it has a vacancy, the first stage is to prepare a job description which lists all the tasks, duties and responsibilities of the jobholder.
  2. 2 The next stage is to prepare a person specification which details the knowledge, skills, attitude, qualifications and experience of the successful applicant. They will be categorised as essential qualities which an applicant must have and desirable qualities which are preferable.
  3. 3 Now the business will advertise for applicants. This can be in a local or national paper, web site, newsagent’s window or anywhere the business thinks it will attract the most suitable applicants.
  4. 4 People will apply using an application form or with a CV. A shortlist of suitable applicants will be drawn up by comparing them against the person specification. They are then usually invited for selection, which may consist of interviews and test.
  5. 5 A common mistake for students is to think that the process begins with the advert. A company will only advertise for staff once they are sure about the job and the kind of person they want for it. Otherwise, they will be unsure what they are looking for with the advert.

Business organisation

  1. 1 A small business can have all employees reporting directly to the manager as it is small enough for the manager to know what is going on.
  2. 2 As a business gets bigger it will need to have more structure and more than one level of boss, so a manager may have staff reporting to them who have more staff reporting to them. This is known as a hierarchical structure.
  3. 3 A hierarchy must have managers with different responsibilities. These will often relate to the many different functions of the business e.g. marketing, sales, finance, production, purchasing etc.
  4. 4 A hierarchy allows a big business to be organised so that everyone knows their job and responsibilities are clear. It also provides a clear means for communication to flow through the business.
  5. 5 The trend is to have fewer managers so that managers have more staff reporting to them. Removing levels of managers is known as downsizing. Benefits of downsizing include more responsibility for more junior staff which should motivate them and less cost for the business as it employs fewer managers.

Key employment laws in the UK

  1. 1 Discrimination laws – It is illegal to discriminate against certain groups of people when recruiting and in day to day management of them. Specifically an employer cannot discriminate against employees on the grounds of gender, race, age and disability. It is of course acceptable to discriminate on the grounds of ability. Picking the most able person for a job is what the recruitment process is about.
  2. 2 Employment protection – An employee must be given a contract of employment. They are protected against unfair dismissal as it sets out the possible grounds for dismissal. An employer who disregards this after the first two years of employment can be sued for unfair dismissal.
  3. 3 Health and safety – An employer must provide a safe working environment and can be held responsible if it does not.
  4. 4 Minimum wage laws – The minimum that an employer can pay. It varies according to the age of the employee.
  5. 5 The working time directive – Employers cannot expect an employee to work for more than 48 hours in a week without their permission.

1,456 GCSE People in Business essays

  • Marked by Teachers essays 9
  • Peer Reviewed essays 8
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  5. 146
  1. Marked by a teacher

    How important are staff/management relations?

    5 star(s)

    *****
    An excellent, well written essay that covers the main points in determining good relations. More emphasis should be given to the non financial methods of motivating employees and the…

    • Essay length: 612 words
    • Submitted: 03/04/2009
    • Marked by teacher: (?) David Salter 05/04/2012
  2. Marked by a teacher

    McDonald's. What are the Management functions at McDonald's?

    5 star(s)

    *****
    A comprehensive analysis of management at McD. Much of it is well applied but this is an area that could be improved. They never really get to grips with…

    • Essay length: 6907 words
    • Submitted: 17/08/2006
    • Marked by teacher: (?) Dennis Salter 01/05/2013
  3. Marked by a teacher

    Sainsbury's organizational structure.

    5 star(s)

    ***** Parts of this are excellent showing good evidence or research into the theory and what the actual situation at Sainsbury's is. Other parts look lifted from textbooks. …

    • Essay length: 5488 words
    • Submitted: 12/07/2004
    • Marked by teacher: (?) David Salter 01/12/2012
  4. Marked by a teacher

    McGregor -Theory X and Theory Y

    5 star(s)

    *****
    This essay is an excellent summary of theories of motivation. They explain the points well and analyse the information to explain causes and consequences to a high standard.…

    • Essay length: 1087 words
    • Submitted: 20/08/2003
    • Marked by teacher: (?) Dennis Salter 01/05/2013
  5. Marked by a teacher

    Stakeholders At Tesco

    4 star(s)

    **** This essay includes all the main stakeholders but has not always clearly stated their interests. More could be made of the potential conflicts between stakeholders. Apart from using the…

    • Essay length: 746 words
    • Submitted: 12/01/2009
    • Marked by teacher: (?) David Salter 01/12/2012
    • Reviewed by: (?) danielbeal 04/04/2012
  6. Marked by a teacher

    M1: Explain how oral communication can be used in business situation

    4 star(s)

    A sound description of the methods of oral communication. It makes the point that different methods can be used in different circumstances by picking good examples. This point could also…

    • Essay length: 986 words
    • Submitted: 29/11/2010
    • Marked by teacher: (?) David Salter 12/02/2012
  7. Marked by a teacher

    Tesco's organisational structure

    4 star(s)

    **** Parts of this deserve more stars, other parts less. It is mostly well researched but does not have a clear structure to help the reader. It is hard to…

    • Essay length: 8862 words
    • Submitted: 14/02/2005
    • Marked by teacher: (?) David Salter 01/12/2012
  8. Marked by a teacher

    Organisational structure + job roles

    3 star(s)

    This is a straightforward and clear description of organisational structures. The functional areas could be greatly expanded and related more closely to the case study the writer has briefly examined…

    • Essay length: 1353 words
    • Submitted: 07/06/2010
    • Marked by teacher: (?) David Salter 12/02/2012
    • Awarding body: Not known/Not applicable
  9. Peer reviewed

    location of tesco

    4 star(s)

    In summary, the report almost acquires high marks. The report states a number of factors that can influence a businesses decision to locate their store within a certain area. However…

    • Essay length: 873 words
    • Submitted: 26/12/2008
    • Reviewed by: (?) danielbeal 04/04/2012
  10. Peer reviewed

    People In Business The different types of organization are sole trader, partnership, LTD's or Plc's. The fast food restaurants are mainly public limited companies because of the size of the organization.

    4 star(s)

    In summary, the report is quite good. The report states the different types of businesses and states how the business chooses a person to employ for new job roles within…

    • Essay length: 1215 words
    • Submitted: 31/03/2006
    • Reviewed by: (?) danielbeal 02/04/2012

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Discuss the factors that influence staff motivation in the workplace. Which do you consider to be the most important?

    "In my opinion, I think the elements of the Maslow's Hierarchy and effective management is exceedingly important for the staff motivation. Because each company operates must under the Maslow's Hierarchy and effective management whatever large or small organisation. If the firm has not good operation such as good leader and well system, they can not operate in this generation. As the great competitor all in the world in difference commercial circumstance. Each firm must increase their reputation from good management. Generally, there are many factors that influence staff motivation apart from the above three main factors. For instance, increasing salary, insurance, holiday and better working environment are also influence staff motivation in the workplace. To conclude, the main factors that contribute to staff motivation in the workplace have Company culture, Financial reward system and Effective management of people. Undoubtedly, the above main factors also have their advantage and disadvantage. If the firm can proper operate the firm form above system, they must become the distinguished firm whatever small or big organization."

  • "Fayol's management functions and Mintzberg's management roles are two sides of the one coin." Discuss

    "In conclusion, both Fayol and Mintzberg have made theories in order to summarise the responsibilities of a manager. Both have created their works based on personal experience and observations, but have drawn different conclusions. This has resulted due to their different experiences and points of view. Both theories are accepted and widely used in management today and the fact that they can be used in conjunction with one another suggests that whilst they concentrate on different features of management they are still two sides of the one coin."

  • Assess three government policy measures to increase labour mobility

    "In conclusion, I believe that the New Deal has been the most successful method of improving occupational mobility because it has helped people develop skills which can be used in industries where workers are needed. However a weakness of this is that not all the skills taught are relevant and there are still some areas where there is a skills deficiency. On the other hand the best method of tackling geographical immobility is the building of houses and giving benefits to doctors, nurses etc because it gives them an incentive to move to areas where their skills are needed."

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