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Roles and Functions of a manager.

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Introduction

Contents Page Introduction 1 Roles and Functions of a manager 2 Strategic Planning 2 Leading 3 Controlling 3 Motivating Employees 3 Role of a CEO in large organizations 4 Role of a Owner/Manager of a small business 5 Contrast Between Two Roles 6 Conclusion 7 Reference 8 Introduction: Managers of different companies serve different roles and functions in order to maintain the efficiency and effectiveness of the operations within the business. Managers are described as organizational planners, organizers, leaders and controllers. Their main function and role include tasks such as, strategic planning, leading, controlling and motivating employees. However, even though there are similarities in the role and the functions between the owner of a small business and the CEO of large organizations, differences would still exist. Roles and Functions of a Manager Strategic Planning Managers have to plan strategically ahead for the firm. Strategic planning can strongly influence the survival and growth of an organization in the contemporary, frequently volatile environment. The upper level managers generally devote most of their planning time to the distant future and the strategies of the entire organization. Managers at lower levels plan mainly for their own departments and for the shorter term. Planning is also the first step in managing an organization and can be seen as the manager's most fundamental responsibility at all levels. ...read more.

Middle

But the most important function of a CEO as a leader is his or her ability to being able to develop a team, power them and ensure that the technology, knowledge and skills are likely to be communicated throughout the organization to ensure effective and efficient running of the business to produce the most profit. The CEO must be prepared to be high profiled in the public area because one of their roles is to promote the organization to shareholders, customers, and suppliers and to the community as a part of their role as a CEO of a large firm. The roles of the CEO also include developing a vision, a mission, identify a competitive edge, identify the key values of the company and identify strategic issues such as customer and community satisfaction, business performance and staff development and relationships. An example would be according to Sir John Browne who was BP's CEO in 2000, his role would be setting the 'big' strategy for the company and to set specific targets for his businesses that align with the strategy. The targets would be simple, clearly linked to past performance and encourage disciplined growth in order to strive for superior results. (http://www.bp.com/faqs/faqs_answer.asp?id=155) The job also included the need for the CEO to ensure the alignment and create an organization, which can keep ahead of the continuous change in today's business environment. ...read more.

Conclusion

Secondly, the CEO would not need to be prepared to do whatever needs to be done such as posting the mail. Thirdly, the owner must make plans related to all areas to every single detail whereas the CEO only need to plan for the long term and the overall objective of the firm and not need to worry about smaller and finer details. Fourthly, the owners of the smaller business would need to be an all rounder where they need knowledge of everything. Finally, effective communication and the role to motivate the employees may be more important as a role for the CEO than it is for the role of the small business owner for he may not have that may employees to motivate and communicate to. Conclusion Therefore it can be seen that even though there are similarities between the roles of the CEO and the owner of a small business for they all complete similar tasks and require similar skills such as motivating employees, leading, controlling, and strategic planning. However, differences still exist between the roles and functions of a CEO and an owner of a small business. Reference: Hicks. H, Gullett. R, 1974, Modern Business Management, McGraw-Hill Koontz. H, O'Donnell. C, 1974, Essentials of Management, McGraw-Hill Oldcorn. R, 1986, Management, 2nd Edition, Pan Books Ltd Stoner, J, 1985, Management in Australia, Prentice-Hall BP, [online], 2000 Available: http://www.bp.com/faqs/faqs_answer.asp?id=155 [2003, August 15th] Interview with Manager of Ernest and Young ABC Interview with Owner of Jin's Corner Store ...read more.

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