• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Scientific Management.

Extracts from this document...


Scientific Management Representatives of capital supporter scientific management. It proposes to increase industrial output by managing labour scientifically. But organized labour does not want to be scientifically managed. It is not keen about being managed at all. It exists, in fact, to manage itself. Labour controversies, as carried on by the American Federation of Labour, are demands for a "voice" in the settlement of conditions of work. But this demand is not recognized by capital as a principle. It is only recognized as a necessity when labour, through superior strength, secures its demands in this trade and that. The concession to labour of a voice in determining conditions of work means by implication to capital that management as a whole is still in its own hands; it also means that its actual title to superior, or ownership rights, is not in question. The Industrial Workers of the World leaves no doubt in the mind of capital that it claims only a voice in the management of industry. It makes its fight on the grounds of labour's sole ownership, as well as right, to sole management in all that labour produces. Every strike, every difference between organized labour and capital, is an attempt of the former to wrest management, or some degree of management, from the latter. Whether it is an A. F. of L. or an I. ...read more.


She said: "Well, there is a certain kind of a filler that I used in another factory. If you will use that kind of filler I can do my work so much more quickly. Another thing, the paper you are using on that tip is too coarse. If you will use a finer paper I won't have to use so much filler." The story concluded: "So that girl and this manufacturer worked out a condition that made it easier for her to perform more work."(4) Scientific management is a good scavenger. It is out for every scrap of trade knowledge. Following the machine, it proposes to clean up the last vestige of craftsmanship and to put the shipshape touches to modern industry. There are to be no chance bits of capital lying around loose in the hands of this man and that when the efficiency engineers have finished their job. The second and third of the Four Principles show how this is done. Mr. Taylor says: "The workmen are 'studied' just as machines have been studied." And, finally, it is necessary "to bring the scientifically selected workman and the science together" by "inspiring" the workman. The workman is to be scientifically selected by a teacher instead of by a foreman; he is to be "studied" by this teacher, as well as taught, and the "unit of human effort" is to be squeezed out of him by observing the law of rest and fatigue. ...read more.


It is organized labour alone that remembers the ghastly price paid for increased consumption; the generations of men, women, and children who have been maimed and murdered in the process. Greed and desire, not the well being of labour, are still the motive forces back of increased wealth production. If we are about to enter upon an era of a "New Capitalism" which recognizes that it will pay to increase the number of cotton shirts without exacting so heavy a toll as has been exacted in the past, organized labour still demands that it shall determine, or have a voice in determining, what that toll shall be and what shall be the reward. Scientific management, the promoters say, recognizes no difference in determining standards of efficiency between management, capital goods and labour. Well and good; labour does. Organized labour's observations of a worker do not end with the day's work. They extend over the wear and tear of a lifetime. They take into consideration a worker's ability to react after work, mentally as well as physically. They take into consideration the worker's ability to realize his maximum in his non-labouring hours. And they would also consider his ability to realize his maximum in his labouring hours if labour had an opportunity to fix a maximum consistent with the life interests of labour as a whole. The difference between scientific management and organized labour is that the aim of the latter is to make men, the aim of the former is to make goods. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE People in Business section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE People in Business essays

  1. The agricultural revolution in England.

    Having an equal opportunities policy means that more staff and teacher from the minorities will be attracted to the school. If the HR planning is successful the school staff employed are fully utilised to the benefit of the school. This may lead to good exam results.

  2. Report: Type of ownership of J-Sainsbury

    8g. Promotion The Human Resources department also decides promotion. Everyone wants to be promoted to get a better job and a higher pay rate. The Human Resources have to look out, to see how much potential the staffs has to be promoted they have to look out for, their interest in

  1. Free essay

    Principles of Scientific Management

    is established. For example, multiple phone calls are timed and listened in on, and conclusions are then drawn by management as to which approaches and methods are most effective for the CSR's to use, relevant to different customer needs and personalities.

  2. Nestle is a food manufacturer. It

    and then retailers need to make a profit too, so the price for products is thought about greatly. Promotion is another part of marketing. Promotion is used to encourage shops to stock their products and public to buy them. To advertise products Nestle advertises on TV, radio, posters and etc.

  1. Banquets Management

    Meeting with clients and hosts to determine the requirements as well as last minute arrangements if necessary. QUALITIES 1. Co-ordinating skills 2. Should be able to deal with clients QUALIFICATIONS 1. Hotel school or University 2. Experience in a 5 star hotel in the banqueting dept or F&B operations. 2)

  2. CMI - Knowledge Management

    Organisations change to remain competitive, meet future challenges and achieve market dominance. Globalisation, technological advancement and volatility of consumer demands and shorter product life cycles have precipitated continuing radical environmental shifts and demand a more strategic perspective of change from those who manage and lead organisations.

  1. Management science.

    The trends that have dramatically increased the degree of competition are virtually all industries, while forcing firms to cope with unprecedented product innovation and technological change. Companies in such environment either become competitive high-performers or die. Indeed these trends have changed the nature of work.

  2. To what extent is the study of Management scientific

    be achieved, as a failure to meet targets reflects badly on them. This suggestion is supported by Burawoy's (1979) research into a US manufacturer of railroad supplies. Lower-level supervisors colluded with workers to restrict output levels, so that the output targets set by senior management remained low (just 70% of the maximum possible production levels).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work