• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Teams and Teamwork for the 21st Century.

Extracts from this document...


Teams and Teamwork for the 21st Century Introduction In 21st century, many organizations are tend to be decentralized, team and teamwork are become popular terms in management circles, in today's environment, teams promise to be a cornerstone of progressive management for the foreseeable future. A lot of cases show that more and more organization trying to narrow job titles and encourage employees working together to become a effective and efficiently team. According to management expert Peter Drucker, tomorrow's organizations will be flatter, information based, and organized around teams. (Kreitner & Kinicki, 2001) According to Katzenbach & Smith (1999, p.214), a work group become a team when 1. Leadership becomes a shared activity. 2. Accountability shifts from strictly individual to both individual and collective. 3. The group develops its own purpose or mission 4. Problem solving becomes a way of life, not a part-time activity 5. Effectiveness is measured by the group's collective outcomes and products A group of people working together become a team is required team member have sufficient knowledge, experience, ability to contribute in a team, leadership, top-management support, interpersonal communication skills, and so on. ...read more.


Cohesiveness includes members' socio-emotional and instrumental cohesiveness. Socio-emotional cohesiveness is individuals derive emotional satisfaction from group participation, and instrumental cohesiveness is when members think them should working because they believe they could not achieve the group's goal by acting separately. An effective team should balance the socio-emotional and instrumental cohesiveness. Virtual team Today technology allows peoples being a member of work team by using Internet, email, video and audio equipment to working together, whether you from different locations, different organization even different time zone. Virtual teams are base on tasks, the benefits of virtual team is include flexible, timing saving for travel, and so on, but some argue is virtual team member lack face-to-face communication, this can cause reduce the team effectiveness because both members are lack trust communication and accountability with others. Virtual team can not replace the tradition factors that includes: top-management support, effective leadership, and well designed time schedules. Self-managed teams Self-managed teams should be prepared to undergo revolutionary changes in management philosophy, structure, staffing and training practices and reward systems. ...read more.


Irwin McGraw-Hill, Singapore pp.106, 109 Katzenbach, J, R & Smith, D, K, The Wisdom Of Teams: Creating the High-Performance Organization (New York: HarperBusiness, 1999). P. 214 Kohn, A, "How to Succeed without Even Vying," Psychology Today, Sep. 1996, pp.27-28 Mcfarlin, D, (2001), The Leading Edge: Corporate culture can drive, hinder success, Dayton Business Journal, February 5, 2001 available online: http://www.dayton.bcentral.com/dayton/stories/2001/02/05/smallb3.html Schlenker, B, R, Weigold, M, F & Hallam, J, R, (1990), "Self-Serving Attributions in Social Context: Effects of Self-Esteem and Social Pressure," Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, May 1990, pp 855-63 Stein, J, A, Newcomb, M, D & Bentler, P, M, 1990, "The Relative Influence on Vocational Behavior and Family Involvement on Self-Esteem" Longitudinal Analysis of Young Adult Woman and Man," Journal of Vocational Behavior, June 1990, pp.320-38 Raudsepp, E, (1985), "Are You Properly Assertive?" Supervision, June 1992, pp17-18, Wheelan, S, A, Murphy, D, Tsumura, E, & Kline, S, F, "Member Perceptions of Internal Group Dynamic & Productivity," Small Group Research, June, 1998, pp.371-93 V Gecas, "The self-concept," Annual Review of Sociology, eds R H Turner and J F Short, Jr (Palo Alto, CA: Annual Reviews Inc., 1982), vol.8 p 3. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE People in Business section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE People in Business essays

  1. Building Effective Teams.

    STAGES OF TEAM DEVELOPMENT Team Building is a planned change intervention that focuses on the dynamics of a team's functioning. The purpose of team building is to improve the team's capacity to adapt, allow members to function at their most productive resourceful levels, and to achieve the teams goals.

  2. Basic Skills - the key to employability in the 21st century?

    The report highlighted the fact that further education needed to play a vital role in order to bring about change. In response to the Kennedy report the UK Government published a Green Paper 'The Learning Age' (1998) which saw learning as the "key to prosperity" and called for a "well-educated,

  1. Self-Efficacy Theory Explanation for the Managementof Remote Workers in Virtual Organizations

    Previous successes raise mastery expectations, while repeated failures lower them (Gist & Mitchell, 1992; Saks, 1995; Silver, Mitchell & Gist, 1995). The second is vicarious experience, which is gained by observing others perform activities successfully. This is often referred to as modeling, and it can generate expectations in observers that

  2. Managerial Organization - Project report: Progeon

    Administration: This segment covers business functions like tax processing, claims processing, asset and document management, transcription and translation, in medical transcription for instance the service provider typically offers its services to hospitals, clinic, emergency departments and medical professionals. This segment was worth around $350 mn in FY 2003. 6.

  1. Moral and motivation report - Working with people in teams.

    After spending 2 weeks conducting my own research, as detailed before, into the problem of Moral and Motivation, my findings are as follows. WORK CONDITIONS AND QUALITY OF WORK Chambermaid felt very overworked claiming there was not enough staff to deal with the size of the hotel.

  2. Using the peter drucker-

    It helps managers understand employee's views and concerns. It can alert managers to potential problems. Horizontal communication takes place when people at the same level within an organisation pass information. An example might be a member of finance department telling the marketing department about funds available for a sales promotion.

  1. Training and Learning in Teams

    We grow up with those processes and the benefits are tremendous. People learn how to survive through their educational experiences, as well as how to work and enhance their chances for more profitable employment. The goal of learning is to help people develop.

  2. Gulf States Metals Inc. (GSM)

    This involves authorities (directors, managers and supervisors) being charged with keeping activities aligned with organisational goals. These authorities control by making decisions, resolving conflicts, evaluating performance and distributing rewards and sanctions. There is ideally a chain of command where power shapes subordinate's behaviour. This approach is successful when authority is endorsed by subordinates and authorised by superiors, however GSM does not fit these conditions.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work