• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Different Management Theory's used Within Bodyshop and McDonalds.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Different Management Theory's used Within Bodyshop and McDonalds. Introduction The aim of this report is to show the different types of management theory's and how they are now used in Bodyshop's and McDonald's business to day. The different management approaches In this section I will list the different approaches to management and explain what they mean. Also I will state the advantages and disadvantages for each approach. Scientific management is the most influential theory in production line businesses during the first two decades of the twentieth century and is still widely used to day. Scientific management was thought up by an American called Fredric Winslow Taylor (1856-1915). His theory consisted of 5 principles. These were: 1. An understandable dissection of tasks and responsibilities between management and the workforce. 2. Use of scientific methods to establish the best way of undertaking a job. 3. Scientific selection of the employee to execute the newly designed job in the way specified. 4. The training of the selected employee to perform the job in the way specified. 5. Enthusiastic co-operation with the workers to ensure that the work was performed in accordance with scientific management. ...read more.

Middle

Motivation is achieved by incentive and involvement in team ideas. * Participative - the manager has total respect and trust for their employees. They allow the employees to work by themselves or in groups with minimal interference from the manager. Motivated employees are rewarded when they have achieved a goal set by participation. The manager helps their employees with their ideas and opinions. A good and affective manager would have the best aspects from the consultative and participative styles. This is so they can deal with different employees needs in more of a constructive way as well as play a more supportive role when their employees are working on a problem. Argyris, along with Donald Schon, produced a theory that managers fell into two different models Model 1 - this manager does not like giving their employees the chance to put their ideas across and feels that they have to impose themselves on others to get their point across. The manager will only teach their employees how to conform, which is called single loop learning. Model 2 - this manager is the exact opposite to a model 1 manager in the way they will allow and encourage employees to have their own ideas. ...read more.

Conclusion

To combat this problem she decided to send out videos of her pep talk to each store. The down side to this was that she was unable to speak to the new employees face to face and gain each others trust and respect or find out their ideas for improvement. To day Bodyshop has lost its employee friendly look and is more stakeholder driven. This means it Look's more at making a profit than how to keep staff happy and in the diction making loop of the business. For Bodyshop to improve it needs to go back to its employees and get them more involved in dictions at their store. Also it could give staff free samples of new products that they are bringing out, as when a customer comes in and enquires about it they can pass on the own experience of the product. Conclusion From this report I have seen that both Bodyshop and McDonalds have changed there management styles around. In McDonald's cases they started off being customer orientated and didn't look at their staff needs, but now have a more balanced approach. Whereas Bodyshop, who had a very good relationship with its employees, changed to become more interested in its profits. James Pitcher 10/05/2007 Management Theories.doc P1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE People in Business section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE People in Business essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    McDonald's. What are the Management functions at McDonald's?

    5 star(s)

    Conceptual skills involve the ability to see the organization as a whole and to solve problems in a way that benefits the entire organization Analytical; creative and intuitive talents make up the manager's conceptual skills. Introductory Management in Mc Donald's programs (Managing for Success) pay little attention to technical skills.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    McGregor -Theory X and Theory Y

    5 star(s)

    Workers will be given responsibilities, and a wider range of tasks. In the case of Theory Y managers, managers are facilitators. It is likely that managers will adopt a Democratic Style - this is based on encouraging participation in decision making.

  1. Tesco's different stakeholders are:Employees

    If a lot of the shareholders start to sell they shares then the shares will not be worth as much as they would have been worth if they had not been sold. To resolve these problems between the two stakeholders there have been public relations to show the different things

  2. Classify the business according to its ownership - McDonalds

    With the lower price, it will get more customers and so benefit from the even lower unit costs. This will make it more competitive and can easily increase market share. McDonald's has raised standard through out the food processing industry.

  1. Human resources at McDonald's

    Performance results. McDonald's gathers various information's about the level of performance of various categories of current employees. Promotional potential. An internal promotion changes the availability of existing resources. McDonald's finds it useful to know how many employees have the skills and the aptitude for promotion to more demanding roles.

  2. Report: Type of ownership of J-Sainsbury

    as well as allowing management to consult on business-related issues and gain commitment to change. Each store, depot and Head Office division has its own staff council with up to 15 elected representatives, which meets six times a year as a minimum.

  1. Staff Training and motivation - McDonalds case study

    lot to the efficiency of the function, for example if a function has better training and training facilities they will be able to work more efficiently. As apposed to a function who has little money to spend on training and bad training facilities, this will result in poor training throughout the function and poor efficiently.

  2. The relationship between management theory and practice.

    Herzberg pointed out that these factors were intimately related to the content of work, i.e.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work