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The Focuses of Effective Management:Strategic Planning, Problem Solving, Leadership Styles, and Work Motivation

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Introduction

The Focuses of Effective Management: Strategic Planning, Problem Solving, Leadership Styles, and Work Motivation By Kimberly F. Whitfield OGMT 341- The Principles of Management and Supervision Mr. Eddie Ferguson October 6, 2004 The Focuses of Management: Strategic Planning, Problem Solving, Leadership Styles, and Work Motivation Management is the many different tasks performed by high level executives or managers to effectively plan, organize, lead and control the business of the organization. It is creative problem solving. Generally, it is achieved through the four functions of management: planning, organizing, leading, and controlling. Managers today have a wide range of responsibilities including developing quality leadership styles, strategic planning, problem-solving, and motivating employees. The modern management system is most effective by constantly gaining knowledge to add value to the organization and to reach the objective goal of winning. Nevertheless, the functions of management must be properly understood in order to achieve the mission and goal successfully. A management system describes the organization and should consist of managers that are skilled in knowing how to analyze as well as have the ability to improve the overall system. Business success depends upon effective management, planning, and making right decisions. Strategic planning can be one of the more important aspects of managing an organization because it is the process in which the organization is diagnosed from every aspect. Also, in strategic planning one should have a vision and mission, develop overall goals, create and select strategies to be pursued as well as allocating resources to achieve desired goals. ...read more.

Middle

With managers being in direct contact with employees, they can be the most important influence of motivation. The job and organizational approach motivate employees by the way the overall and general organization is designed. Usually flexible work schedules, satisfactory benefits, rewards and opportunities motivate employees to work more effective. The individual differences approach is used because some employees like to be motivated based on their own personal characteristics. Some employees are motivated by unique values such as positions and security, but this is what an effective manager should understand and reward accordingly. However, the three general approaches are most effective when they are used in combination with each other (Barge, 1994). The role of a successful manager is to master how to distinguish with what motivates each employee and to simultaneously accomplish the goals of the organization and each worker. The dynamics of an organization or business is developing communication strategies that help produce motivation in the workplace that is fun to work in and that generate useful and sometimes outstanding results. Communication is important method in management motivational system simply because behavior is a strong controlling factor of the outward results. Managers are expected to have exceptional verbal and nonverbal communicating skills. Communicating effectively has been easily achieved from individuals with symbolic behavior and shared meanings. Simply implying the individual simultaneously has similar ways of acting or behaving and share common goals and the same interest for future outcome. ...read more.

Conclusion

In Theory Y, McGregor thinks imagination, creativity, and ingenuity can be used to solve work problem, intellectual potentialities of the average man are only partially used. This theory affect management of promotions and salaries (Hellriegel, Jackson and Slocum, 2002). A psychologist named Frederick Herzberg proposed a theory about job factors that motivates employees. His theory conclude that factors such as company policy, supervision, interpersonal relation, working conditions, and salaries are hygiene factors rather than motivators. He attests that hygiene factors create job dissatisfaction, but their presence does not motivate or create satisfaction, instead they are short-term change in job attitude and performances. There are in actuality five motivators that enrich a person's job. They are achievement, recognition, the work itself, responsibility, and advancement. I've also noticed on my job as the owner and operator of a beauty salon, that when I recognize other stylists for small accomplishments they perform better. Once a year, I also motivate them by giving them tickets to one of the greatest hair shows in Atlanta, GA. This exposes them to new beauty trends and upon returning home, they're eager to perform what they've learned. Therefore, I can agree with this theory that if employees are motivated they tend to produce miraculous results (Hellriegel, Jackson and Slocum, 2002). Management success is gained through accomplishment of mission and decision-making. Managers are considered to have failed when they do not accomplish mission and objectives. Managers that accomplish their desired goals are considered effective. ...read more.

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