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The parts of an organization

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Assignment 1 Organisation in oxford dictionary is defined as "a group of people who work together". An organisation is a consciously coordinated social unit, composed of two or more people that functions on a relatively continuous basis to achieve a common goal or set of goals. The parts of an organization - departments, must integrate their efforts in order to be successful and run effectively. According to David Pendleton and Jennifer King effective organisations have strong values. Successful leaders help organisations articulate their values and live by them. Organisatonal brhaviour is the study of human agency in organisation of all types. This means an interest in the behaviour of organisations as well as behviour in organisation. No matter what the structure of the organisation is, the activities of an organisation are directed towards a common end, some sort of organisational goal. A goal is a future expectation, which the organisation sets for its self to achieve. This is where good managers stand out above others. Good management acts to develop its people by caring for and training them, setting goals and standards for excellent performance. ...read more.


They know more than one way of dealing with a problem. Apart from individuals that exist with in an organisation, groups also exist with an organisation. Groups exist because of the social needs of people with in the organisation. How a particular group in the organisation behaves also adds a further dimension to organisational behviour. It is important that management communicates and encourages all staff to follow the desired culture, because everyone in an organisation is affected by its culture, such as basic assumptions, attitudes, and standards which determines the systems, structure and rules in an organisation. Organisational culture influences, patterns of behaviour, attitudes to change, motivation, morale and the performance of employees. The process of socialisation is important because it affects the individual's future thoughts and behaviour. Organisational culture has significant impact on both business development and staff recruitment because cultural reputation can either attract people or put off people from joining certain organisations. Organisational culture is affected by number of factors; > The environment > The beliefs, values and norms > Formal and informal leaders who characterise the organisation's culture > The procedure that have to be followed & behaviour expected > The network of communications > And also factors like, size, history, ownership and technology. ...read more.


In this approach there is no single right answer. Case studies are becoming popular as part of the study of management and organisational behaviour. The objectives of case studies are that various theoretical knowledge can be put to practical use because of the experience that has been gained from the past experience. Conclusion The structure, management and functioning of organisations will differ according to their nature and type, aims and objectives, and the behaviour of people who work in them. Organisations differ in many different ways but they also share some common features. Organisations are open systems that need careful management to satisfy and balance internal needs and to adapt to environmental circumstances. There is no one best way of organising. The appropriate forms depend on the kind of task or environment with which one is dealing. Different approaches to management may be necessary to perform different tasks with in the same organisation. Organisations play a major role in our lives. The decisions and actions of management in organisations have increasing impact on individuals, other organisations and the community. Managers need to recognise the importance of national culture to the study of organisational behaviour. It is through the process of management that efforts of members of the organisation are coordinated, directed and guided towards the achievement of organisational objectives. ...read more.

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