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The Powerful VS The Powerless - From the "Province of Opportunity", to "Canada's Hydro-Electric Core", to "Canada's Oldest Hinterland"; three important physical regions of Canada with separate economies.

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Introduction

The Powerful VS The Powerless From the "Province of Opportunity", to "Canada's Hydro-Electric Core", to "Canada's Oldest Hinterland"; three important physical regions of Canada with separate economies. Through physical and economical descriptions, key topics and industrial descriptions, the following will outline the difference and similarities found between Ontario, Qu�bec and the Atlantic Canada's economies. Regional Descriptions Ontario Ontario, located in central Canada, is Canada's second largest province in the country and accounts for the largest population. Ontario is comprised of three physiographic regions: the Great Lakes-St-Lawrence Lowlands, the Canadian Shield and the Hudson Bay Lowlands. The province is surrounded by the Great Lakes and the United States to the south, Manitoba to the west, the Hudson Bay and James Bay to its north and Qu�bec to the east. Ontario itself is divided into two physical areas: southern Ontario, made-up of the majority of the province's population, and northern Ontario, made-up of the majority of the province's land. Qu�bec Qu�bec, located in eastern Canada, is the largest province in size and ranks second in population. The province has four physiographic regions extending over its vast land: the Hudson Bay Lowlands, the Canadian Shield, the Appalachian uplands and the St-Lawrence Lowlands. Qu�bec is largely neighbored by the Atlantic Canada to the east, the United States to the south, Ontario, James Bay and the Hudson Bay to its west and the Ungava Bay and the Labrador Sea to the north. Just like Ontario, Qu�bec is also divided into tow physical areas; with its northern region retaining the majority of the land and the southern region retaining most of the population. ...read more.

Middle

Just like in Ontario and Qu�bec, the Atlantic Provinces have forest industries and mining industries boosting their economies, but this region mainly relies on the fishing industry as their main source of economical structure. Due to physical characteristics and climate, work is very seasonal for some industries, therefore making employment insurance a key factor in the economy's well being. Since jobs of the primary sector are being replaced by more efficient machinery, people are leaving the area, thus rebuilding the economy is much harder. Atlantic Canada has the lowest GDP and highest unemployment rates in the country due to high transportation costs for companies, a limited resource base, small internal markets and because of being so far from Canada's major markets and centers. In the past four decades, Ottawa has granted $6 billion to Atlantic businesses, and the Department of Regional Economic Expansion was created to attract businesses to the Atlantic coast. Internal and external provincial barriers also hinter economic growth, as well as a lack of transportation infrastructures to compete in a North American economic system. The area is trying to turn around with highly specialized manufacturing firms for oil and gas developing in Newfoundland and Nova Scotia, and high-tech firms developing in major cities. Many major cities in Atlantic Canada are home to telephone call centers for firms such as, Air Canada, AT&T Canada, Canadian Pacific Railways, IBM, Northern Telecom, Purolator Couriers, Royal Bank and UPS. Yet, the worst act to affect the Atlantic economy was the announcement of the moratorium on cod fishing (which will be discussed further). ...read more.

Conclusion

As for Atlantic Canada, with 22.9 million ha of forest land, the forest industry plays an important role in its economy, especially for New Brunswick. Bringing in $3 billion in income each year for the region's economy, most products received from logging are sold to local pulp mills. The majority of forest land is privately owned and the Crown Land is leased to the Irving Forest Corporation. In conclusion, the above has pointed out that even though these regions share many similarities in manufacturing and industrial sectors, they all serve a different purpose to their relative regions. Ontario, being an economical powerhouse, has a very strong economy, and the same goes for Qu�bec, but the Atlantic provinces not being at a very far distance has economical struggles. The question we must ask ourselves is: If Ontario and Qu�bec, being economically strong, weren't in such a close proximity to Atlantic Canada; would they survive on their own? Outline 1. Introduction 2. Main ideas * Regional description o Describe the physical location of each area and its physical surroundings o Describe its situation in Canada * Economical description o Describe each regions economy o Include statistics o Compare and contrast each area o Describe its situation in Canada * Key topics o For Ontario, describe its automobile industry o For Qu�bec, describe its hydro-electric industry o For Atlantic Provinces, describe its fishing industry * Mining industry o Compare and contrast each area mining industry o How does it affect each region's economy o Why and who is it important to... * Forrest industry o Compare and contrast each area mining industry o How does it affect each region's economy o Why and who is it important to... 3. ...read more.

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