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This essay will be discussing to what extent does the postmodernism claim, reject the taken for granted notions of rationality, order and intellectual progress as the basis of organisational behavior.

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Introduction

POSTMODERNISM This essay will be discussing to what extent does the postmodernism claim, reject the taken for granted notions of rationality, order and intellectual progress as the basis of organisational behavior. This post modernism claim will be discussed by comparing and contrasting modernism and postmodernism. Modernism has been developed and used as a theory by management in organisations in the early 1890's and includes classical, human relations and systems theory. Modernism approaches after experiments, methods tried to identify and explain behavior in the workplace. Such as human relations Hawthorne studies, scientific management by Taylor. Classical management focuses on efficiency of an organisation, principles of management to guide management, the structure of an organisation and a need for rational behavior for organisations. This management approach involves the work of Fayol, Taylor and Weber. Human relations approach followed after the classical approach, the human relations approach focuses upon the social aspect of an organisation, which are the people in an organisation. This was the attention to informal and formal groups and how their behavior within the organisation. Systems approach involves viewing the organisation as a system, which composes, of parts that are interrelated and independent, they are interrelated in the sense that each part of an organisation works for the whole organisation. ...read more.

Middle

Knowing about things, people were seen through rationality and that is the only objective form. Unlike postmodernism, modernism was geared towards science as the basis for rationality, for the management of businesses. Scientific management is one of the approaches under modernism theory where Fredrick Taylor developed scientific management principles were to provide rationality for management. Also to provide control, and decision-making away from the workers on how to do the job. (Article from huczynski). For example Taylor principles of management contained scientific approaches on how to carry out the job for example by job design this was through the introduction of division of work. And scientifically calculating pay in accordance of an employee out put. Scientific management unlike postmodernism created principles to accept a one best way a universal truth for organisations through the use of scientific approaches. This lead to rationality in terms of the reasonable, logical means of practicing work and for management to practice and for employees within an organisation to work/behave in accordance with these principles. Post modernism rejects the notion of order in terms of there being one integrated way and the way things are organised. Order is closely linked to control within a organisation, however post modernism does not reject control there is a belief that control is achieved through the idea of their being one universal truth. ...read more.

Conclusion

This was also enabling there to not be uncertainty, this bureaucracy lead to control of behavior and this lead to impersonality for employees. Webers work introduced a routine or sequence for organisations to follow, and standardization of practices to a one integrated way of doing things. Another modernism approach the systems approach concept of order where the organisation functions are organized into separate into independent parts for example the accounting department managers may organise or control their own activities and then the organisation has interdependent parts through activities of purchasing influencing sales department. Postmodernism rejects the notion of intellectual progress, progress in terms of planning to be told where we are going, doing, technology, knowledge in general. Postmodernism rejects planning because the belief that planning leads to disorder and to confusion. This is confusion and disorder for people within an organisation for example planning for a change can lead employees in disorder or confused on how the change will affect their job role, uncertainties for example if planning for an a technological change. Postmodernism is a farsighted, rather than modernism where lead to tell employees what to do and where to go. There are no perceptions for planning or the need for progressing, because progress will not lead to some form of perfection for the society or for all organisations, due to the diversity of individuals and organisations whom view progress in different ways. ...read more.

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