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Understanding evolutionary psychology in an organization.

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Introduction

Understanding evolutionary psychology in an organization Organisation consists of managers and their employees striving for their goals and aspiration. In a work place there is tremendous amount of disputes and misunderstanding as people interact with each other. Study of psychology provides important information and insights about the human behaviour. An understanding of human behaviour is useful to a manager in maintaining and improving workplace performance. Personality is a vital tool, which indicates success or the failure of an individual for that job. " Those relatively stable enduring aspects of the individual which distinguish him from other people and at the same time form the basis of our predictions concerning his future behaviour"(Wright et al, 1970). Managers get to know their employees even better as personality depicts their habits, interests, sentiments, ideals, opinions and believes. In addition to this managers can also judge the level of awareness that employee has towards his job. Sometimes there are conflicts between ego, superego, and id. Assessing personality can help managers placing people in jobs who are compatible with their characteristics. Personality indicates the individual's way of coping and dealing with life. ...read more.

Middle

Through operant conditioning managers can learn that they should reward the desired behaviour after the employee has learned not to make mistakes. Like if an employee is late regularly then a manager should not take punitive action, but instead try to investigate about him coming late. Managers get to know from operant conditioning theory that employees should not be punished because they are at risk of either loosing employee or spoiling the relationship with them. Managers can also train people if they do not have any experience and employees are learning. Managers can use different training methods such as lectures, interactive computer programs, setting up conferences, using case studies to apply own knowledge to artificial situations, coaching etc. with these methods employee becomes confident in his approach to the task. Attitude is a key element for the managers to understand the personality hence leading to their attitude. Through study of attitude managers can know that if his employee has authoritarian personality then he is likely to display attitude such as hostility to others, deference to superiors. Therefore managers can maintain peace and harmony within the organization by not selecting these kinds of individuals. ...read more.

Conclusion

This helps managers to decrease misunderstandings especially in tall- hierarchy firms that have long chain of managers. Stress could occur for those employees who are uncertain about their priorities and are unable to distinguish between the significant and less significant tasks. Hence managers need to familiarize employee's priorities and remind them which task is important and unimportant. This helps individuals to cope up the stress and affects the work of the person and hence his job becomes easy to deal with. If employees feel bored or workplace to be monotonous then probably managers can use colors to induce certain atmosphere in buildings, design of wallpaper or texture of curtains may be used to create feelings of spaciousness or coziness. A mangers perception of the workforce will influence attitudes in dealing with people and the style of managerial behaviour adopted. The way in which managers approach the performance of their jobs and the behaviour they display towards their staff are likely to be conditioned by predispositions about people, human nature and work for example the management adopted on the basis of McGregor's theory X and Y. Managers, however, are responsible for more work and results than they can accomplish on their own; they are responsible for the performance of others. ...read more.

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