• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Understanding evolutionary psychology in an organization.

Extracts from this document...


Understanding evolutionary psychology in an organization Organisation consists of managers and their employees striving for their goals and aspiration. In a work place there is tremendous amount of disputes and misunderstanding as people interact with each other. Study of psychology provides important information and insights about the human behaviour. An understanding of human behaviour is useful to a manager in maintaining and improving workplace performance. Personality is a vital tool, which indicates success or the failure of an individual for that job. " Those relatively stable enduring aspects of the individual which distinguish him from other people and at the same time form the basis of our predictions concerning his future behaviour"(Wright et al, 1970). Managers get to know their employees even better as personality depicts their habits, interests, sentiments, ideals, opinions and believes. In addition to this managers can also judge the level of awareness that employee has towards his job. Sometimes there are conflicts between ego, superego, and id. Assessing personality can help managers placing people in jobs who are compatible with their characteristics. Personality indicates the individual's way of coping and dealing with life. ...read more.


Through operant conditioning managers can learn that they should reward the desired behaviour after the employee has learned not to make mistakes. Like if an employee is late regularly then a manager should not take punitive action, but instead try to investigate about him coming late. Managers get to know from operant conditioning theory that employees should not be punished because they are at risk of either loosing employee or spoiling the relationship with them. Managers can also train people if they do not have any experience and employees are learning. Managers can use different training methods such as lectures, interactive computer programs, setting up conferences, using case studies to apply own knowledge to artificial situations, coaching etc. with these methods employee becomes confident in his approach to the task. Attitude is a key element for the managers to understand the personality hence leading to their attitude. Through study of attitude managers can know that if his employee has authoritarian personality then he is likely to display attitude such as hostility to others, deference to superiors. Therefore managers can maintain peace and harmony within the organization by not selecting these kinds of individuals. ...read more.


This helps managers to decrease misunderstandings especially in tall- hierarchy firms that have long chain of managers. Stress could occur for those employees who are uncertain about their priorities and are unable to distinguish between the significant and less significant tasks. Hence managers need to familiarize employee's priorities and remind them which task is important and unimportant. This helps individuals to cope up the stress and affects the work of the person and hence his job becomes easy to deal with. If employees feel bored or workplace to be monotonous then probably managers can use colors to induce certain atmosphere in buildings, design of wallpaper or texture of curtains may be used to create feelings of spaciousness or coziness. A mangers perception of the workforce will influence attitudes in dealing with people and the style of managerial behaviour adopted. The way in which managers approach the performance of their jobs and the behaviour they display towards their staff are likely to be conditioned by predispositions about people, human nature and work for example the management adopted on the basis of McGregor's theory X and Y. Managers, however, are responsible for more work and results than they can accomplish on their own; they are responsible for the performance of others. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE People in Business section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE People in Business essays

  1. This essay will critically compare the machine and culture metaphors described by Morgan in ...

    This is because of the difference in the nature of the business and the expectation from customers. One of the most influential writers for organizational culture is Schein, who developed an influential theory of organizational theory. He believes that culture exists on three levels: on the surface is the artifact,

  2. Building Effective Teams.

    Management should not make any promises to its employees that it can not deliver on and back up. Trust is an extremely important element in any participative management program and must be established as such or the program will not be a success.

  1. Business at Work - ASDA

    there has been a significant improvement in staff morale, higher productivity and efficiency and greater staff loyalty to the business. A better staff productivity rate and higher staff morale has resulted in happier customers and therefore a much better performance rate.

  2. A Report on How Richer Sounds Functions

    Richer Sounds has always been owned by Julian Richer and he has formed more rules and procedures over the years as the business has expanded. This affects the culture because he has now developed into a hierarchy structure where there are specialised functions and different levels of power.

  1. TNT case study

    for example; it can happen that the Planning department suddenly realise that the organisation needs in short time some extra employees to achieve their objective of the success of their planning, for the recruitment department it will be hard to recruit the necessary employees that is needed if they don't have the right time to find and hire those employees.

  2. Organisations and Behaviour

    says "Taylor's greatest impact may still be ahead .... The need to study Taylor anew and apply him may be the greatest in the developed countries" suggesting that we may still need to use this theory in present day organisations. Moving on into the 1920's brought Webber and Fayol with their classical administration/bureaucracy approach to management.

  1. Stress in the Work-Place

    Rather, a carefully integrated approach (that moves away from the view that stress is an individual problem) is needed to bring about psychological stability and well being to employees. It involves the introduction of stress management courses, normally in the form of information, training and advice.

  2. Report is based on a thorough understanding of how the college is organized and ...

    the other governors so that facilities for students can be met as required. It also helps maintain quality of service of the college as student requirements are met. As a result the performance of the college and the ability to compete against other colleges would increase.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work