• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Using appropriate theories to support your answer, what steps can a manager take to motivate their employees?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Assignment-Motivation Motivation of employees is an important aspect of a manager's job. What do you think motivates a person to work well? Using appropriate theories to support your answer, what steps can a manager take to motivate their employees? In general terms motivation can be described as "the direction and persistence of action. It is concerned with why people choose a particular course of action in preference to others and why they continue with a chosen action over a long period, and in the face of difficulties and problems" (L.Mullins, 2000). This motivating individuals to work and behave in a certain way to the best of their ability and directing their efforts to the goals of the organisation is a real issue for managers and is certainly not easy. This is due to the simple fact that each person has their own needs and expectations which they attempt to satisfy in a number of different ways. Managers only have the ability to see their employees' productivity and behaviour in the work place, therefore they need to find out and understand what their needs are to drive their behaviour, then fulfil and maintain them in order for motivation to take place. ...read more.

Middle

A manager, having established their staff's need for power, would perhaps motivate their employees by giving them more autonomy through added responsibility or job empowerment. Also, a different strategy from the journal of 'Career Development International' defines caring as a quality tool and that positive human interaction by leaders can motivate employees. Therefore the leadership style of managers would need to be considered in this situation. By applying Maslow's needs theory in this way, a manager has a starting point at motivating its employees. The second theory; 'Equity theory' which comes from the work of Stacey Adams (1963; 1965) focuses upon the 'fair treatment' of one individual compared with the treatment received by others, and this perception of unfairness leads to tension in the workplace which in turn motivates the individual to act to resolve unfairness. The motivation within this type of situation can be stifled if individuals are rewarded differently for the same effort and workload. A manager must realise that employees compare pay and inequity quickly generates resentment. It is also important for a manager to recognise that perceptions of inequity can generate tension, even where actual inequity is limited. ...read more.

Conclusion

In addition, from the journal of 'Career Management', research indicated that among 135 non-managerial employees in a medium sized manufacturing company, the impact of goal setting was stronger among poor performers than among good, and among employees with good relations with superiors. To motivate employees a manager must explain and justify goals, allow employees to take part in the goal setting process and, provide results of past performance to allow employees to adjust their behaviour and be motivated to improve future performance. In conclusion, it is inevitable that managers today are increasingly concerned with the motivating of employees and often wonder what action to take. Personally, I believe that managers can influence motivation in a number of ways. After researching I discovered several articles illustrating 'pay' as the top motivator amongst employees in many organisations. However, after time, if a job although highly paid wasn't equipped with one, more, or all of the following; a safe working environment, effective training of employees, appraisals suited to each individual's needs and generally 'highly motivated staff', tension would rise, productivity levels would fall and turnover would rise. It is true that there are many ways a manager could go about increasing employee motivation, however, by combining some of these factors and applying the theories mentioned in this assignment to organisations, a manager can make good progress. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE People in Business section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE People in Business essays

  1. "Managers should do everything they can to enhance job satisfaction of their employees? Do ...

    Yet it is also possible that the weak results are due to the fact that individual-level measures of performance do not reflect the interactions and dependencies in the work process or the role of other salient productivity related behaviors (attachment or citizenship)that measures of organizational effectiveness encompass.

  2. Content and process theories of motivation

    Individuals differ on what a particular need satisfies, this for this individual could be an esteem need that you need to satisfy. Which you can only gain from the esteem of others and by being supervisor will meet this need, as you will get recognition and the esteem needs are

  1. Motivation of subordinates is an important aspect of a managers job. 1. ...

    However, some people motivated by self-actualisation, even when some basic needs not satisfied. For actors and artists, for example, self-actualisation much more important then friendship or family. Nurses are much more interested in self-fulfilment, then in basic sleep. Maslow's hierarchy of needs received a lot of criticism, however, his model

  2. As a manager discuss what you would expect to be the results of a ...

    Researching this question has highlighted many motivational aids which are available to management, however, I believe that organisations cannot motivate their employees; instead, they can create a work environment where individual motivation flourishes. All individuals have different motivational factors; but if they find the right environment, they will create their own self-motivation.

  1. Does performance related pay motivate or de-motivate employees?

    If a reward is to be effective, it has to be generous and significant, hence it should be structured to attain a proper balance of motivating people to purpose and at optimum effort.

  2. Critically assess what is involved in the whole issue of Performance Management and motivating ...

    This will be a brief statement like: " We are successful because we provide the very best value food, clothes, and general merchandise and above all ensuring that our customers receive exceptional standards of service. Our success and continued growth is based on the effort, commitment, and personalities of all our colleagues".

  1. If the company does not have an effective process of hiring staff then they ...

    It also includes applying requirements or conditions which, though applied equally to all, have a disproportionately detrimental effect on one sex or on married people and which cannot be shown to be justifiable (for instance to be job-related). There are limited exceptions: the Act permits employers, under certain conditions, to

  2. What is the purpose of management theory? Explain how knowledge to understanding of management ...

    This approach is labeled 'classical' because encompasses early works and related contributions that have formed the main roots of the field of management. Scientific Management Scientific management is an approach within classical management theory that emphasizes the scientific study of work methods in order to improve worker efficiency.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work