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Using appropriate theories to support your answer, what steps can a manager take to motivate their employees?

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Introduction

Assignment-Motivation Motivation of employees is an important aspect of a manager's job. What do you think motivates a person to work well? Using appropriate theories to support your answer, what steps can a manager take to motivate their employees? In general terms motivation can be described as "the direction and persistence of action. It is concerned with why people choose a particular course of action in preference to others and why they continue with a chosen action over a long period, and in the face of difficulties and problems" (L.Mullins, 2000). This motivating individuals to work and behave in a certain way to the best of their ability and directing their efforts to the goals of the organisation is a real issue for managers and is certainly not easy. This is due to the simple fact that each person has their own needs and expectations which they attempt to satisfy in a number of different ways. Managers only have the ability to see their employees' productivity and behaviour in the work place, therefore they need to find out and understand what their needs are to drive their behaviour, then fulfil and maintain them in order for motivation to take place. ...read more.

Middle

A manager, having established their staff's need for power, would perhaps motivate their employees by giving them more autonomy through added responsibility or job empowerment. Also, a different strategy from the journal of 'Career Development International' defines caring as a quality tool and that positive human interaction by leaders can motivate employees. Therefore the leadership style of managers would need to be considered in this situation. By applying Maslow's needs theory in this way, a manager has a starting point at motivating its employees. The second theory; 'Equity theory' which comes from the work of Stacey Adams (1963; 1965) focuses upon the 'fair treatment' of one individual compared with the treatment received by others, and this perception of unfairness leads to tension in the workplace which in turn motivates the individual to act to resolve unfairness. The motivation within this type of situation can be stifled if individuals are rewarded differently for the same effort and workload. A manager must realise that employees compare pay and inequity quickly generates resentment. It is also important for a manager to recognise that perceptions of inequity can generate tension, even where actual inequity is limited. ...read more.

Conclusion

In addition, from the journal of 'Career Management', research indicated that among 135 non-managerial employees in a medium sized manufacturing company, the impact of goal setting was stronger among poor performers than among good, and among employees with good relations with superiors. To motivate employees a manager must explain and justify goals, allow employees to take part in the goal setting process and, provide results of past performance to allow employees to adjust their behaviour and be motivated to improve future performance. In conclusion, it is inevitable that managers today are increasingly concerned with the motivating of employees and often wonder what action to take. Personally, I believe that managers can influence motivation in a number of ways. After researching I discovered several articles illustrating 'pay' as the top motivator amongst employees in many organisations. However, after time, if a job although highly paid wasn't equipped with one, more, or all of the following; a safe working environment, effective training of employees, appraisals suited to each individual's needs and generally 'highly motivated staff', tension would rise, productivity levels would fall and turnover would rise. It is true that there are many ways a manager could go about increasing employee motivation, however, by combining some of these factors and applying the theories mentioned in this assignment to organisations, a manager can make good progress. ...read more.

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